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Jonathan Ned Katz: Envisioning the World We Make, Social-Historical Construction, a Model, a Manifesto, Bibliography

This bibliography includes (1) general theories of society and history that have influenced my thinking; (2) theories of sexual history, and (3) works on heterosexual history that critically theorize that history (search this bibliography for: hetero, normal, straight).

Jonathan Ned Katz will be adding relevant books and articles to this bibliography of works relevant to his essay. Suggestions are welcome: outhistory@gmail.com  Published 2016-2-2


Abelove, Henry. “Some Speculations on the History of Sexual Intercourse During the Long Eighteenth Century in England.” Genders, v. 6, Fall 1989: 125-130.

Abelove, Henry. “The Queering of Lesbian/Gay History.” Radical History Review 62, 1995: 44-57.

Adam, Barry D. “Sexual Outlaws.” Canadian Journal of Political and Social Theory, 1980, v.4, n.2, 75-77.

Adam, Barry D. “Structural Foundations of the Gay World.” Comparative Studies in Society and History, 1985, v. 27 n. 4: 658-671.

Adam, Barry D. The Rise of the Gay and Lesbian Movement. Boston: Twayne Publishers/G.K. Hall, 1987.

Adam,Barry D., Jan Willem Duyvendak, Andre Krouwel, eds. The Global Emergence Of Gay & Lesbian Politics. Temple University Press, March 16, 2009.

Adams, Mary Louise. The Trouble with Normal: Postwar Youth and the Making of Heterosexuality. Toronto: University of Toronto Press, 1997. (Critical heterosexual history.)

Aderinto, Saheed. [Review of Epprecht, Heterosexual Africa.] Gender Forum: An Internet Journal for Gender Studies, n. 23, 2008. Accessed December 2, 2015 from: http://www.genderforum.org/issues/face-to-race/marc-epprecht-heterosexual-africa-the-history-of-an-idea-from-the-age-of-exploration-to-the-age-of-aids-athens-ohio-ohio-university-press-2008/

Allen, Theodore. The Invention of the White Race. London Verso, 1994.

Altman, Dennis, and others. Homosexuality, Which Homosexuality: International Conference on Gay and Lesbian Studies. London: GMP Publishers, 1989.

Altman, Dennis. Homosexual Oppression and Liberation. NY: Outerbridge & Dienstfrey, 1971.

Altman, Dennis. The Homosexualization of America, The Americanization of the Homosexual. NY: St. Martin's Press, 1981.

Anderson, Marty (pseudonym of Martha Shelley). "Is Heterosexuality 'Natural'?" The Ladder (June/July 1969): 4-7; reprinted (and attributed to Shelley) in Barbara Grier and Coletta Reid, eds., The Lavender Herring: Lesbian and Gay Essays from The Ladder. Baltimore: Diana Press, 1976: 55-60.

Anderson, Perry. Arguments Within English Marxism. London: Verso, 1980.

Angelides, Steven. A History of Bisexuality. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, September 15, 2001.

Appiah, Anthony. “The Uncompleted Argument: Du Bois and the Illusion of Race." Critical Inquiry, v. 12, n. 1, Autumn, 1985: 21-37; Gates, ed.: 21-37.

Archer, Bert. The End of Gay (and the Death of Heterosexuality). Canada: Doubleday/Random House, 1999; Fusion Press, 2002; NY: Thunder’s Mouth Press/Avalon Publishing Group, 2004.

Ariès, Philippe, and André Béjin, eds. Western Sexuality: Practice and Precept in Past and Present Times. Oxford: Basil Blackwell, 1985.

Ariès, Philippe. “Thoughts on the History of Homosexuality.” In Ariès and Béjin, eds. Western Sexuality, 1985: 62-75.

Aries, Philippe. Centuries of Childhood: A Social History of Family Life. Trans. Robert Baldick. NY: Random House, 1962. (See on the invention of "adolescence" and "childhood" and the critique summarized by Vann.)

Arnfred, Signe. [Review of Nyeck and Epprecht, Sexual Diversity in Africa.] Journal of African History, November 2014, v. 55, issue 3: 514-515.

Atkinson, Ti-Grace. “The Institution of Sexual Intercourse.” In Firestone, ed. Notes from the Second Year (1970): 45-46.

Atkinson, Ti-Grace. Amazon Odyssey. NY: Links Books, 1974.

Auchtmuthy, Rosemary, Sheila Jeffreys, and Elaine Miller, Elaine. "Lesbian History and Gay Studies: Keeping a Feminist Perspective," Women's History Review, v.1, n .1 (1992), 89-108.

Bach, Rebecca Ann. “Seventeenth- and Eighteenth-Century Othello and Desdemona: Race and Emerging Heterosexuality.” In Rebecca Ann Bach and Gwynne Kennedy, eds. Feminisms and Early Modern Texts: Essays for Phyllis Rackin. Susquehanna University Press, August 1, 2010: PP?. (Critical heterosexual history.)

Bach, Rebecca Ann. Shakespeare and Renaissance Literature Before Heterosexuality. Palgrave Macmillian, 2007. (See “Introduction: Before Heterosexuality,” 1-24. Critical heterosexual history.)

Baily, Beth L. From Front Porch to Back Seat: Courtship in Twentieth-Century America. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press, 1988.

Baldwin, James, and Nikki Giovanni. A Dialogue. Philadelphia: J. B. Lippincott, 1973.

Baldwin, James. "'Go the Way Your Blood Beats': An Interview ... by Richard Goldstein." Village Voice, June 26, 1984: 13-14, 16.

Baldwin, James. "Preservation of Innocence." Zero (Tangier, Morocco) v. 1, n. 2, Summer 1949; reprinted Outlook v. 2, n. 2, Fall 1989: 40-45.

Banaji, Jairus. Theory and History: Essays on Modes of Production and Exploitation. Brill: March 22, 2010.

Barber, S. M. and D. L. Clark “Queer Moments: The Performative Temporalities of Eve Kosofsky Sedgwick.” In Barber and Clark eds., Regarding Sedgwick: Essays on Queeer Culture and Critical Theory. NY: Routledge, 2002.

Barker-Benfield. G. J. The Horrors of the Half-Known Life: Male Attitudes Toward Women and Sexuality in Nineteenth-Century America. NY: Harper and Row, 1976. .

Barker-Benfield. G. J.. "The Spermatic Economy." Feminist Studies 1 (Summer 1972): 45-74. In Gordon (1973), The American Family: 374-402.

Barrett, Michelle, and Amm Phillips, eds. Destabilizing Theory: Contemporary Feminist Debates. Cambridge: Polity, 1992. (See, especially: M. Barrett, “Words and Things”: 201-19.)

Battan, Jesse F. “'The Word Made Flesh': Language, Authority, and Sexual Desire in Late Nineteenth-Century America." Journal of the History of Sexuality 3:2 (1992); reprinted in Fout and Tantillo: 101-40.

Bauer, J. Edgar. “On the Nameless Love and Infinite Sexualities: John Henry Mackay, Magnus Hirschfeld and the Origins of the Sexual Emancipation Movement.” Journal of Homosexuality v. 50, n. 1, 2015: 1-26.

Bayer, Ronald. Homosexuality and American Psychiatry: The Politics of Diagnosis. NY: Basic Books, 1981.

Beasley, Chris, Heather Brook, Mary Holmes. Heterosexuality in Theory and Practice. NY: Routledge, 2012. (See, especially: “Introduction,” “1 Nasty, Boring and Normative? Heterosexuality within the Conceptual Map of Gender and Sexuality Studies;” “3 Unknown Paths: Theorizing Changes in Heterosexual Intimacy;” and “Conclusion: Theorizing Social Change from the realm of the Dominant.”

Beasley, Chris. “Libidinous Politics: Heterosex, ‘Transgression,’ and Social Change.” Australian Feminist Studies, 26 (67): 25-40.

Beauvoir, Simone de. The Second Sex (1949). NY: Knopf, 1953. (See "heterosexual" in index.)

Beccalossi, Chiara. Female Sexual Inversion: Same-Sex Desires in Italian and British Sexology, c.1870-1920. Palgrave Macmillan, October 26, 2012.

Beemyn, Brett, and Mickey Eliason, eds. Queer Studies: A Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, and Transgender Anthology. NY: New York University Press, 1996.

Bell, David, and Gill Valentine, eds. Mapping Desire: Geographies of Sexualities. London: Routledge, 1995.

Bell, Robert R. and Michael Gordon, eds. The Social Dimension of Human Sexuality. Boston: Little, Brown, 1972.

Bennett, Judith M. “’Lesbian-like’ and the Social History of Lesbians.” Journal of the History of Sexuality, v. 9, n. 1-2, January-April 2000: 1-24.

Berger, Peter L. Invitation to Sociology: A Humanistic Perspective. NY: Anchor Books, 1963. (Important, early book in the history of social construction theory. It explicitly discusses the “social construction” of roles (160), says that “sexual roles are constructed,” (158), and refers to the “social organization” of homosexuality (156, 159). It discusses the “normal, (158), “race,” “identity,” Parson’s theory of action, and Marx, K.)

Berger, Peter L., and Thomas Luckmann. The Social Construction of Reality: A Treatise in the Sociology of Knowledge.  NY: Doubleday, 1966; Anchor Books  paperback July 11, 1967.

Berlant, Lauren. “Thinking About Feeling Historical.” Emotion, Space, and Society, v. 1, n. 1, 2008: 4-9. Reprinted in Political Emotions, ed., Janet Staiger, Ann Cvetkovich, and Ann Reynolds (2010).

Bernheimer, Charles, and Claire Kahane, eds. In Dora's Case: Freud, Hysteria, Feminism. NY: Columbia University Press, 1985.

Bérubé, Allan. Coming Out Under Fire: The History of Gay Men and Women In World War Two. NY: Macmillan/The Free Press, 1990. (See "heterosexuals" in index.)

Beskey, Aaron. Queer Space: Architecture and Same-sex Desire. NY: William Morrow, 1997.

Bethel, Lorraine, and Barbara Smith, eds. Conditions: Five, The Black Women's Issue. v. 2, n. 2, Autumn 1979.

Birken, Lawrence. Consuming Desire: Sexual Science and the Emergence of a Culture of Abundance, 1871-1914. Ithaca: Cornell University Press, 1988. (See "Heterosexuality" in index.)

Blackledge, Paul. Reflections on the Marxist Theory of History. Manchester: Manchester University Press, 2006.

Bland, Lucy, and Laura Doan, eds. Sexology Uncensored: The Documents of Sexual Science. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1998.

Bland, Lucy. and Laura Doan, eds.  Sexology in Culture: Labeling Bodies and Desires. Cambridge: Oxford, UK: Polity Press. 1998.

Blank, Hanne. Straight: The Surprisingly Short History of Heterosexuality. Boston: Beacon Press, 2012.  (Critical heterosexual history.)

Blasius, Mark, and Shane Phelan. Eds.  We Are Everywhere: A Historical Sourcebook of Gay and Lesbian Politics. NY: Routledge, 1997.

Bleys, Rudi C. The Geography of Perversion: Male-Male Sexual Behavior Outside the West and the Ethnographic Imagination, 1750-1918. London: Cassell, 1996,

Bloch, Ruth Howard. Medieval Misogyny and the Invention of Western Romantic Love. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1991.

Blumin, Stuart M. "The Hypothesis of Middle-Class Formation in Nineteenth Century America: A Critique and Some Proposals." American Historical Review 90 (April 1985): 299-338.

Blumin, Stuart M. The Emergence of the Middle Class: Social Experience in the American City, 1760-1900. NY: Cambridge University Press, 1989.

Boag, Peter. Same-Sex Affairs: Constructing and Controlling Homosexuality in the Paficific Northwest. Berkeley: University of California Press, 2003. (On heterosexuality see 91-93, 97, 252, n.33.)

Boone, Joseph A. and Michael Cadden, eds. Engendering Men: The Question of Male Feminist Criticism. NY: Routledge, 1990.

Borris, Kenneth, and G. S. Rousseau, eds. The Sciences of Homosexuality in Early Modern Europe. London: Routledge, 2008.

Boswell, John. "Categories, Experience and Sexuality." In Stein, ed., Forms of Desire (1990, 1992): 133-73. An abridged version of this essay appears in differences 2:1 (Spring 1990): 67-87.

Boswell, John. "Gay History" (review of David Greenberg's The Construction of Homosexuality). The Atlantic, February 1989: 74-78.

Boswell, John. "Sexual Categories, Sexual Universals: A Conversation with John Boswell." In Christopher Street 13:6 (1990): 23-40; reprinted in Mass, Vol. 2: 202-33.

Boswell, John. "Toward the Long View: Revolutions, Universals, and Sexual Categories," Salmagundi, Numbers 58-59, Fall-Winter 1982-83: 89-113. Reprinted with revisions in Duberman et al., Hidden from History (1989), 17-36.

Boswell, John. “Jews, Bicycle Riders, and Gay People: The Determination of Social Consensus and Its Impact on Minorities." Yale Journal of Law and the Humanities 1 (1989).

Boswell, John. “Rediscovering Gay History.” Michael Harding Memorial Address, c. 1982. Copy in the British Library: X.529/52574.

Boswell, John. Christianity, Social Tolerance, and Homosexuality: Gay People in Western Europe from the Beginning of the Christian Era to the Fourteenth Century. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1980.

Bottomore, Tom, ed. A Dictionary of Marxist Thought. (Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 1963).

Bourdieu, Pierre. Outline of a Theory of Practice. Translated by Richard Nice. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1977. (I read this hoping for insight into historical theories of human action. I found no such insight.)

Boyarin, Daniel. Unheroic Conduct: The Rise of Heterosexuality and the Invention of the Jewish Man. Berkely: University of California Press, 1997. (Critical heterosexual history.)

Boyer, Paul. Purity in Print: The Vice-Society Movement and Book Censorship in America. NY: Scribner's, 1968.

Boyer, Paul. Urban Masses and Moral Order in America, 1820-1920. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 1978.

Boyle, Thomas. "Morbid Depression Alternating with Excitement: Sex in Victorian Newspapers." In Don Cock, ed., Sexuality and Victorian Literature. Knoxville: University of Tennessee Press, 1984.

Bradbury, Andrew. “The Heterosexual Minority.” ONE: The Homosexual Viewpoint.” June 1965: 7-9. (Writers for ONE often used pseudonyms. If anyone can identify the actual author of this essay, please contact outhistory@gmail.com)

Brady, Sean: John Addington Symonds an Homosexuality: A Critical Edition of Sources. Palgrave Macmillan, 2012.

Bravmann, Scott. Queer Fictions of the Past: History, Culture, and Difference. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1997.

Bray, Alan. Homosexuality in Renaissance England. London: Gay Men’s Press, 1982.

Bray, Alan. The Friend. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 2003.

Brecher, Edward. M. The Sex Researchers. Boston: Little, Brown, 1969.

Bremmer, Jan, ed., From Sappho to De Sade: Moments in the History of Sexuality. NY: Routledge, 1989.

Bridenthal, Renata. 'The Dialectics of Production and Reproduction in History." Radical America 10:2 (1976): 3-11.

Bristow, Joseph, and Angelia R. Wilson eds. Activating Theory: Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual Politics. London: Lawrence & Wishart, 1993.

Bristow, Joseph. “Symonds’ History, Ellis’s Heredity: Sexual Inversion.” In Bland and Doan, eds., Sexology in Culture (1998).

Bromley, James M., Will Stocton, eds. Sex Before Sex: Figuring the Act in Early Modern England. Afterword by Valerie Traub. Mineapolis: University of Minnesota Press, 2013. (For “heteroeroticism,” “heteronormativity,” “heterosexual-homosexual binary,” “heterosexuality,”and “heterosexual relations” see: 9, 1, 12, 36, 42-43, 45,48, 51 n. 21, 60, 79 n. 3, 84 n.32, 99-100, 105, 113, 121, 123, 124, 125, 132, 160, 174, 202, 269, 285; “marriage, heteronormative,” 119, 121, 287 n. 4, 291; and “marriage, heterosexual” 222-23, 269, 291. Critical heterosexual history.)

Bronski, Michael. 'The Theory of the Pleasure Class." In his Culture Clash: The Making of a Gay Sensibility. Boston: South End Press, 1984.

Brooten, Bernadette J. Love Between Women: Early Christian Responses to Female Homoeroticism. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1996. (On the heterosexual/homosexual binary and whether it existed in early Christian times see “Introduction,” 1-17, and “Conclusion,” 359-62.)

Brown, Rita Mae. A Plain Brown Wrapper. Baltimore: Diana Press, 1976.

Buchbinder, Howard, Varda Burstyn, Dina Forbes, Mercedes Steedman, eds. Who's on Top? The Politics of Heterosexuality. Toronto: Garamond, April 1987.

Bulkin, Elly, Minni Bruce Pratt, and Barbara Smith. Yours in Struggle: Three Feminist Perspectives on Anti-Semitism and Racism. Brooklyn, N.Y: Long Haul Press, 1984.

Bullough, Vern L. 'The Physician and Research Into Human Sexual Behavior in Nineteenth Century Germany." Bulletin of the History of Medicine 63 (1989): 247-67.

Bullough, Vern L. “Sex and the Medical Model.” Journal of Sex Research 11, n.4 (November 1975):291-303.

Bullough, Vern L. Sex, Society, and History. NY: Science History Publications, 1976.

Bullough, Vern L. Sexual Variance in Society and History. NY: John Wiley and Sons, 1976.

Bullough, Vern L., and Bonnie Bullough. "Lesbianism in the 1920s and 1930s: A Newfound Study." Signs 2:4 (Summer 1977): 895-904.

Bullough, Vern L., and Bonnie Bullough. Sin, Sickness & Sanity: A History of Sexual Attitudes. NY: New American Library, October 3, 1977.

Bunch, Charlotte. Building Feminist Theory: Essays from Quest. NY: Longman, 1981.

Bunch, Charlotte. Passionate Politics: Essays, 1968-1986. NY: St. Martin's Press, 1987. (See especially "Not for Lesbians Only" [Fall 1975]: 174-81; "Learning from Lesbian Separatism" [Nov. 1976]: 182-91; "LesbianFeminist Theory" [1978]: 196-202.)

Burgess, Ernest W. “The Sociological Theory of Psychosexual Behavior." In Paul H. Hoch, and Joseph Zubin, eds. Psychosexual Development in Health and Disease (NY: Grune and Straton, 1949): 227-43. (The Proceedings of the Thirty-eighth Annual Meeting of the American Psychopathological Association, Held in New York City, June 1948.) I thank Randall Sell for obtaining a copy of this for me.

Burnham, John C. “The Progressive Revolution in American Attitues Toward Sex.” Journal of American History 59, n. 4, March 1973: 885-908.

Burnham, John C. Paths Into American Culture: Psychology, Medicine, and Morals. Philadelphia: Temple University Press, 1988.

Burnham, John C. Psychoanalysis and American Medicine, 1894-1918: Medicine, Science and Culture. Psychological Issues 5:4, Monograph 20. NY: International Unversities Press, 1967.

Butler, Judith. “Critically Queer.” GLQ: A Journal of Lesbian and Gay Studies. 1, 1993: 17-32.

Butler, Judith. “Introduction: Against Proper Objects.” differences: A Journal of Feminist Cultural Studies, 6, n. 2-3, Summer-Fall 1994: 1-26.

Butler, Judith. “Is Kinship Always Already Heterosexual?” differences: A Journal of Feminist Cultural Studies, 13, n. 1: 14-44.

Butler, Judith. “Merely Cultural.” Social Text, n. 52/53, “Queer Transexions of Race, Nation, and Gender,” Autumn-Winter, 1997: 265-77. (In this important essay, Butler critiques Marxists who conceptualize the “material” and the “cultural” as existing in separate social spheres, a material, economic “base” and an ideological, cultural “superstructure,” a “political economy” distinct from a culture that includes sexuality, sex, and gender.[267-68]  She argues that the Marxist idea of a “mode of production” needs to include “forms of social association.”[271] She argues for “an expansion of the ‘economic’ sphere itself to include both the reproduction of goods as well as the social reproduction of persons.”[272[ She asserts that if  “the mode of production” is the “defining structure of political economy,” then “sexuality must be understood as part of that mode of production.”[273] She praises scholars who “explain how the cultural and the economic . . . became established as separable spheres—indeed, how the institution of the economy as a separate sphere is the consequence of an operation of abstraction initiated by capital itself.”[274].) 

Butler, Judith. “Revisiting Bodies and Pleasures.” Theory, Culture and Society, 16, n.2, 1999: 17-18.

Butler, Judith. “Sexual Inversions: Rereading the End of Foucault's History of Sexuality, Vol. I.” In Discourses of Sexuality: From Aristotle to AIDS, edited by Domna C. Stanton. University of Michigan Press, 1992.

Butler, Judith. Bodies That Matter: On the Discursive Limits of “Sex.” NY: Routledge, 1993.

Butler, Judith. Gender Trouble: Feminism and the Subversion of Identity. NY: Routledge, 1990. Second ed. NY: Routledge, 1990. “Preface (1999), NY: Routledge, 2006. (See especially Ch. 2: "Prohibition, Psychoanalysis, and the Production of the Heterosexual Matrix". In Index see: “heterosexual matrix”; “heterosexuality, exogamic”; “compulsory heterosexuality”.)

Cacchione. Thea. “Heterosexuality and ‘the Labour of Love’: A Contribution to Recent Debates on Female Sexual Dysfunction.” Sexualities 10, n.3 July 2007: 299-320.

Cade, Toni, ed. The Black Woman: An Anthology. NY: Signet, 1970.

Califia, Pat. Sex Changes: The Politics of Transgenderism. San Franciusco:Cleid Press, 1997.

Callinicos, Alex. Social Theory: A Historical Introduction. Second edition, Malden, MA: Polity Press, 2012.

Cameron, Debora. "'Compulsory Heterosexuality' 10 Years On." Women: A Cultural Review 3 (1992).

Cameron, Deborah, and Don Kulick, eds. Language and Sexuality. NYCambridge Univesity Press, April 2003. (In index, see, especially: “heteronormativity,” “heterosexism,” “heterosexuality,” “heterosexual marker.”)

Campbell, C. The Romantic Ethic and The Spirit of Modern Consumerism. Oxford: Blackwell, 1987.

Canaday, Margot. “Building a Straight State: Sexuality and Social Citizenship und the 1944 G.I. Bill.” Journal of American History 90, 3, December 2003: 935-57.

Canaday, Margot. “Thinking Sex in the Transnational Turn: An Introduction. American Historical Review 114, n. 5, 2009:

Canaday, Margot. The Straight State: Sexuality and Citizenship in Twentieth-Century America. Princeton: Princeton University Press, July 26, 2009.

Canguilhem, Georges. The Normal and the Pathological. Introduction by Michel Foucault. Translation by Carolyn Fawcett. NY: Zone Books, 1989.

Caplan, Pat, ed. The Cultural Construction of Sexuality. London: Tavistock, March 18, 1987.

Carnes, Mark C. and Clyde Griffen, eds. Meanings for Manhood: Constructions of Masculinity in Victorian America. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1990.

Carstens, Lisa. “Umbecoming Women: Sex Reversal in the Scientific Discourse on Female Deviance in Britain, 1880-1920.” Journal of the History of Sexuality, 20, n. 1, 2011: 62-94.

Carter, Julian B. “Normality, Whiteness, Authorship: Evolutionary Sexology and the Primitive Pervert.” In Rosario, Vernon, ed. Science and Homosexualities, NY: Routledge, 1997: 155-76.

Carter, Julian B. “On Mother-Love: History, Queer Theory, and Non-Lesbian Identity.” Journal of the History of Sexuality v. 14, n. 1-2, 2005: 107-38

Carter, Julian B. The Heart of Whiteness: Normal Sexuality and Race in America, 1880-1940. Durham, NC: Duke University Press, 2007. (See especially  “Introduction: The Search for Norma”: 1-41, “Epilogue: Regarding Racial/Erotic Politics”: 153-60; and  “heterosexual” and “heterosexuality” in index. Critical heterosexual history.)

Castelli, Elizabeth A. “Lesbian Historiography Before the Name?” GLQ: A Journal of Lesbian and Gay Studies, 4, n. 4, 1998: 557-630.

Castree, Noel, and Bruce Braun, eds. Social Nature: Theory, Practice and Politics. (Wiley-Blackwell, November 2001). (On the social construction of nature.)

Catiglia, Christopher, and Christopher Reed. If Memory Serves: Gay Men, AIDS, and the Promise of the Queer Past. Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press, 2012. (See “Introduction,” “1: Battles Over the Gay Past,” “2: For Time Immemorial: Marking Time in the Built Environment.,” “3: The Revolution Might Be Televised: The Mass Mediation of Gay Memories,” “4: Queer Theory is Burning: “Sexual Revolution and Traumataic Unremembering,” “5: Remembring a New Queer Politics: Ideas in the Aftermath of Identity.”)

Caudwell, Christopher (pseud. of Christopher St John Sprigg). Further Studies in a Dying Culture (1970).

Caudwell, Christopher (pseud. of Christopher St John Sprigg). Illusion and Reality (1937).

Caudwell, Christopher (pseud. of Christopher St John Sprigg). Studies in a Dying Culture (1938).

Chari, Anita. A Political Economy of the Senses: Neoliberalism, Reification, Critique. NY: Columbia University Press, 2015.

Chauncey, George Gay New York: Gender, Urban Culture, and the Making of the Gay Male World (1890-1940). NY: Basic Books, June 1994. (See ch. 4, 'The Forging of Queer Identities and the Emergence of Heterosexuality in Middle-Class Culture," and, index: "Heterosexuality, concept of, absence of ... ; emergence of, in middle-class culture ... ; homoheterosexual binarism." Critical heterosexual history.)

Chauncey, George, Jr. "Christian Brotherhood or Sexual Perversion? Homosexual Identities and the Construction of Sexual Boundaries in the World War One Era." Journal of Social History 19 (1985): 189-211; in Duberman, et al., eds., Hidden from History: 294-317. (Critical heterosexual history.)

Chauncey, George. "From Sexual Inversion to Homosexuality: Medicine and the Changing Conceptualization of Female Sexual Deviance." Salmagundi Nos. 58-59 (Fall 1982-Winter 1983): 114-46.

Chiang, Howard H. “Sexuality and Gender in Cold War America: Social Experiences, Cultural Authorities, and the Roots of Political Change.” In Caroline S. Emmons, ed., Cold War and McCarthy Era: People and Perspectives (Santa Barbara, CA: ABC-CLIO, 2010.): 111-28. Accessed December 22, 2015 from http://www2.warwick.ac.uk/fac/arts/history/people/staff_index/chiang/18_sexuality_and_gender_in_cold_war_america_published_on_0610.pdf

Chilcote, Ronald H., and Dale L. Johnson. Theories of Development: Mode of Production or Dependency.  Sage Publications, 1983-2-1.

Chodorow, Nancy J.  Feminism and Psychoanalytic Theory. New Haven: Yale University Press, 1989. (Includes "Oedipal Asymmetries and Heterosexual Knots.")

Chodorow, Nancy J.  The Reproduction of Mothering: Psychoanalysis and the Sociology of Gender. Berkeley: University of California Press, 1978.

Chodorow, Nancy J. Femininities, Masculinities, Sexualities: Freud and Beyond. Lexington, KY: The University Press of Kentucky, 1994. (Includes "Heterosexuality as a Compromise Formation: Reflections on the Psychoanalytic Theory of Sexual Development.")

Cleminson, Richard, and Francisco Vazquez Garcia, ‘Los Invisibles’: A History of Male Homosexuality in Spain. Cardiff, Wales: University of Wales Press, 2007. (See especially: “Introduction,” 1-28; “The Birth of the ‘Invert’: a Truncated Process of Medicalization,” 29-94; and in index .)

Cleminson, Richard, and Francisco Vázquez García. 'Los Invisibles': A History of Male Homosexuality in Spain, 1850-1939.  University of Wales Press 1st edition July 15, 2007.

Cleminson, Richard. “Medicine, the Novel and Homosexuality in Spain.” In A. Carling, ed. Globalization and Identity: Development and Integration in a Changing World (London: I. B. Tauris, 2006), 201-20.

Cleminson, Richard. “Spain: the Political and Social Context of Sex Reform in the Late- Nineteenth and Early-Twentieth Centuries.” In F. X. Eder, L. Hall, and G. Hekma, eds., Sexual Cultures in Europe. National Histories (Manchester: Manchester University Press, 1999: 173-96.

Cleminson, Richard. “The Review Sexualidad (1925-28), Social Hygience and the Pathologisation of Male Homosexuality in Spain.” Journal of Iberian and Latin American Studies, 6, 2 (2000), 119-29.

Cleminson, Richard. “The Significance of the ‘Fairy; for the Cultural Archaeology of Same-Sex Male Desire in Spain, 1850-1930. Sexualities, 7, 4 (2004, 412-29.

Cocks, H. G., Matt Houlbrook, eds. Palgrave Advances in the Modern History of Sexuality. Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan, 2006. 

Cocks, H. G., Matt Houlbrook, eds. The Modern History of Sexuality. NY: Palgrave Macmillan, 2006. (See “heterosexuality” in index. Critical heterosexual history.)

Cohen, Cathy J. “Punks, Bulldaggers, and Welfare Queens: The Radical Potential of Queer Politics?” GLQ, v. 3, n. 4, 1997: 437-465.

 Cohen, Cathy. J. “What is This Movement Doing to my Politics?” Social Text, 17, (1999): 111–118.

Cohen, Ed. Talk on the Wilde Side: Toward a Genealogy of a Discourse on Male Sexualities. NY: Routledge, 1993. (See "heterosexual" in index.)

Cohen, Ed. Talk on the Wilde Side: Towards a Genealogy of Discourse on Male-Sexualities. NY: Routledge, 1993.

Cohen, G. A. Karl Marx’s Theory of History: A Defense. First edition 1978. Expanded edition. Princeton: Princeton University Press, 2000.

Collier, Richard. Masculinities, Crime and Criminology: Men, Heterosexuality and the Criminal(ized) Other. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage Publications, 1998.

Collingwood, R. G. Essays in the Philosophy of History (1965).

Collingwood, R. G. The Idea of History. 1946; revised edition edited and with an introduction by Jan Van Der Dussen. Clarendon Press, 1993; Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1994.

Collingwood, R. G. The Idea of History. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1946.

Collingwood, R. G. The Idea of History. Revised Edition. Edited with an introduction by Jan Van Der Dussen.Clarendon Press, 1993;NY: Oxford University Press, 1994.

Collingwood, R. G. The Principles of History and Other Writings in Philosophy of History (2001)

Cominos, Peter T. "Innocent Femina Sensualis in Unconscious Conflict." In Vicinus, Suffer and Be Still: 155-72, 229-31.  

Comminos, Peter T. “Late-Victorian Sexual Respectability and the Social System.” International Review of Social History 5 or 8, 1963: 18-48, 216-50.

Connell, R. W. Gender and Power: Society, the Person and Sexual Politics. Cambridge, UK: Polity Press, 1987; Stanford University Press, 1987. (See heterosexuality in index.)

Corber, Robert J. Homosexuality in Cold War America. Resistance and the Crisis of Masculinity. Durham, NC: Duke University Press, 1997.

Cornell, Drucilla. “The Shadow of Heterosexuality.” Hypatia, 22, n.1, Winter 2007,: 229-43.

Costello, John. Virtue Under Fire: How World War II Changed Our Social and Sexual Attitudes. NY: Fromm International Publishing, 1985.

Cott, Nancy F. "Passionlessness: An Interpretation of Victorian Sexual Ideology, 1790-1850." Signs 4:2 (Winter 1978): 219-36; reprinted in Cott and Pleck: 162-8l.

Cott, Nancy F. The Bonds of Womanhood: "Women's Sphere" in New England, 1780-1835. New Haven: Yale University Press, 1977.

Cott, Nancy F. The Grounding of Modern Feminism. New Haven: Yale University . Press, 1987.

Cott, Nancy F., and Elizabeth H. Pleck, eds. A Heritage of Their Own: Toward a New Social History of American Women. NY: Simon and Schuster, 1979. UP TO

Cott, Nancy. “Passionlessness.” Signs, 1978, v.4, n. 2: 219-??

Cox, Robert W. Production, Power, and World Order: Social Forces in the Making of History. NY: Columbia University Press, 1987.

Crozier, I. D. “The Medical Construction of Homosexuality and its Relation to Law in Nineteenth-Century England.” Medical History, 45 (2001), 61-82.

Cvetkovich, Ann. An Archive of Feelings: Trauma, Sexuality , and Lesbian Public Cultures. Durham NC: Duke University Press, 2003.

Cvetkovich, Ann. An Archive of Feelings: Trauma, Sexuality, and Lesbian Public Cultures. Durham, NC: Duke  University Press, 2003.

D'Emilio, John, and Estelle Freedman.  Intimate Matters: A History of Sexuality in America. NY: Harper and Row, 1988.

D'Emilio, John.  and Estelle Freedman. "Dialogue of the Sexual Revolutions: A Conversation with John D'Emilio and Estelle Freedman." In Lawrence D. Mass, ed. Dialogues of the Sexual Revolution, Volume II (New York: The Haworth Press, 1990): 170-201.

D'Emilio, John. "Making and Unmaking Minorities: the Tensions Between Gay Politics and History," New York University Review of Law and Social Change, 14 (1986), pp. 915-22.

D'Emilio, John. Making Trouble: Essays on Gay History, Politics, and the University. NY: Routledge, 1992. (See especially: “Capitalism and Gay Identity;” “Gay History: A New Field of Study;” “Not a Simple Matter: Gay History and Gay Historians;”  “Making and Unmaking Minorities: The Tension Between Gay History and Politics.”)

D'Emilio, John. Sexual Politics, Sexual Communities: The Making of a Homosexual Minority in the United States, 1940-1970. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1983.

D'Emilio, John. The World Turned: Essays on Gay History, Politics, and Culture. Durham, NC: Duke University Press, 2002. (See especially “”Then and Now: The Shifting Context of Gay Historical Writing”: 210-30.)

D’Emilio, John. “Capitalism and Gay Identity.” In  Snitow, et al, eds. Powers of Desire: 100-113.

D’Emilio, John. In a New Century: Essays on Queers History, Politics, and Community Life. Madison: The University of Wisconsin Press, 2014. (See especially “Putting Sex Into History and History in Sex”: 89-100.)

Dahmer, Helmut. “Sexual Economy Today.” Telos 36 (Summer 1978): 111-???

Davidoff, Leonore. "Class and Gender in Victorian England: The Diaries of Arthur J. Munby and Hannah Cullwick." Feminist Studies 5 (Spring 1979): 87-141.

Davidson, Arnold I.  "How to Do the History of Psychoanalysis: A Reading of Freud's Three Essays on the Theory of Sexuality." Critical Inquiry (Winter 1987): 252-77.

Davidson, Arnold I. "Closing Up the Corpses: Diseases of Sexuality and the Emergence of the Psychiatric Style of Reasoning." In George Boolos, ed. Meaning and Method: Essays in Honor of Hilary Putnam. NY: Cambridge University Press, 1990: 295-325.

Davidson, Arnold I. "Sex and the Emergence of Sexuality." Critical Inquiry, 14 (Autumn 1987): 16-48; reprinted in Stein, ed.

Davidson, Arnold I. The Emergence of Sexuality: Historical Epistemology and the Formation of Concepts. Cambridge, MA:: Harvard University Press, 2001.

Davidson, Arnold J. “Styles of Reasoning: Conceptual History and the Emergence of Pychiatry.” In Davidson, The Emergence of Sexuality (2001): 125-41; Galison, Peter and David  Stump, eds. The Disunity of Science. Palo Alto: 1995.

Davidson, James. “Dover, Foucault and Greek Homosexuality: Penetration and the Truth of Sex", in Past & Present, 170 (February 2001), pp. 3-51.

Davis, D. L., and R. G. Whitten. “The Cross Cultural Study of Human Sexuality.” Annual Review of Anthropology, v. 16, 1987: 69-98.

Davis, Rebecca L. More Perfect Unions: The American Search for Marital Bliss. Harvard University Press, March 31, 2010.

Davis, Rebecca L., ed. Call for Proposals: Heterosexual Histories: Collected Essays about Sexuality, Norms, and U.S. History. Proposals Due January 15, 2016. Email received by JNK on November 8, 2015 from H-Net Notifications drupaladmin@mail.h-net.msu.edu

Davy, Kate. "Reading Past the Heterosexual Imperative." The Drama Review 33:1 (Spring 1989): 153-70.

De Lauretis, Teresa. "The Female Body and Heterosexual Presumption." Semiotica 67:3/4 (1987): 259-79.

Deák, Ágnes. “Translater, Editor, Publisher, Spy: The Informative Career of Károly Kertbeny (1824-1882).” Hungarian Quarterly 39, 149 (1998): 26-33.

Dean, Carolyn J. “Queer History.” History and Theory 38, n. 1, 1999:

Dean, Carolyn J. “The Productive Hypothesis: Foucault, Gender, and the History of Sexuality.” History and Theory 33 (October 1994): 271-96.

Dean, James Joseph. Straights: Heterosexuality in Post-Closeted Culture. NY: New York University Press, August 5, 2014. (See especially: 1 “Introduction”: 1-21; 2 “From ‘Normal’ to Heterosexual: The Historical Making of Heterosexualities”: 47-86. Critical heterosexual history.)

Decker, Hannah S. Freud, Dora, and Vienna 1900. NY: The Free Press, Macmillan, 1991.

Deevey, Sharon. "Such a Nice Girl." In Myron and Bunch, eds. (1975): 21-28.

Degler, Carl N. "What Ought to Be and What Was: Women's Sexuality in the Nineteenth Century." American Historical Review 79:5 (December 1974): 1467-90. In Gordon, ed., The American Family (1973): 403-25.

Degler, Carl N. At Odds: Women and the Family in America from the Revolution to the Present. NY: Oxford University Press, 1980.

Dell, Floyd. Love in the Machine Age. NY: Farrar & Rinehart, 1930.

Delon, Michel. “The Priest, the Philosopher, and Homosexuality in Enlightenment France.” Eighteenth-Century Life 9 (1985): 122-131. In McCubbin, ed. 'Tis Nature's Fault: (1987): 122-31.

Densmore, Dana. "Independence from the Sexual Revolution. In Koedt, Rapone, and Levine, eds.

Derrida, Jacques. Specters of Marx: The State of the Debt, the Work of Mourning, and the New International. Translated by Peggy Kamuf. NY: Routledge, 1994.

Diamond, Irene, and Lee Quinby, eds. Feminism and Foucault: Reflections on Resistance. Boston: Northeastern University Press, 1988.

Dickinson, Edward R.; Wetzell, Richard F.  “The Historiography of Sexuality in Modern Germany.” German History, August 2005, v. 23 n. 3, 291-305. .

Dinshaw, Carolyn. Getting Medieval: Sexualities and Communities, Pre- and Postmodern. Durham, NC: Duke University Press, 1999. (See especially: “Introduction: Touching on the Past,” 1-54; and “Coda: Getting Medieval: Pulp Fiction, Foucault, and the Use of the Past,” 183-206.

Dinshaw, Carolyn. How Soon is Now? Medieval Texts, Amateur Readers, and the Queerness of Time. Durhham, NC: Duke University Press, 2012. (Against linear constructions of history divided into periods see especially: “Introduction: How Soon is Now?” 1-39.)     

Ditzion, Sidney Herbert. Marriage, Morals and Sex in America: A History of Ideas. NY: Bookman, 1953. Rev. ed. 1969.

Dixon, Melvin. “'This Light, This Fire, This Time" [on James Baldwin]. Outlook 2:2 (Fall 1989): 38-39.

Dixon, Wheeler Winston. Straight: Constructions of Heterosexuality in the Cinema. Albany, NY: State University of New York Press, 2003.

Doan, Laura. Disturbing Practices: History, Sexuality, and Women’s Experience of Modern War. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 2013. (Introduction: History and Sexuality/Sexuality and History. Part I: The Practice of Sexual History: 1  An Uncommon Project: The Discipline Problem Reconsidered; 2  Genealogy Inside and Out. Part II Practicing Sexual History: 3  Topsy-Turvydom: Gender, Sexuality, and the Problem of Categorization; 4  “We Cannot Use That Word”: On the Habits of Naming, Name Calling, and Self-Naming; 5  Normal Soap and Elastic Hymens: Historicizing the Modern Norms of Sexuality; Epilogue.)

Doan, Laura. Fashioning Sapphism: The Origins of A Modern English Lesbian Culture. NY: Columbia University Press, 2001. (See especially “Introduction: ‘It’s Hard to Tell Them Apart Today,’”  xi-xxiii.)

Dollimore, Jonathan. “Bisexuality, Heterosexuality, and Wishful Theory.” Textual Practice 10, n.3, 1996: 523-39.

Dollimore, Jonathan. Sexual Dissidence: Augustine to Wilde, Freud to Foucault. Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1991. (See "heterosexuality" in index and scattered references throughout.)

Dorland, William Alexander. The American Illustrated Medical Dictionary. Second ed. Philadelphia: W. B. Saunders, 1901. (See "heterosexual," 300.)

Dose, Ralf. Magnus Hirschfeld: The Origins of the Gay Liberation Movement. NY: Monthly Review Press, 2014.

Douglas, Carol Ann.  "Confessions of an Ex-heterosexual." off our backs 4:9 (Oct. 1979): 13.

Douglas, Carol Ann. Love and Politics: Radical Feminist and Lesbian Theories. San Francisco: ism press, 1990. [See especially: 'The Critique of Heterosexuality": 156-84, which includes a useful summary of what some "Feminists of Color" have said about heterosexuality: 175-80. See also "heterosexism'" and "heterosexual feminists" in index.]

Dreger,  Alice Domurat. Hermaphrodites and the Medical Invention of Sex. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 1988.

Duberman, Martin B. "'Writhing Bedfellows' in Ante-bellum South Carolina: Historical Interpretations and the Politics of Evidence." In Duberman, and others, eds: 169-85.

Duberman, Martin B., Martha Vicinus, and George Chauncey, Jr., eds. Hidden from History. NY: New American Library, 1989.

Duberman, Martin Bauml. About Time: Exploring the Gay Past. NY: Sea Horse Press/Gay Presses of New York, 1986. (See, especially, “Introduction:” xiii-xvi.)

Duberman, Martin. Left Out: The Politics of Exclusion: Essays 1964-2002. Cambridge: South End Press, 2002.

Dubinsky Karen. Improper Advances: Rape and Heterosexual Conflict in Ontario, 1880-1929. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1993. (See "heterosexuality" in index.)

Dubois, Ellen Carol, and Linda Gordon. "Seeking Ecstasy on the Battlefield; Danger and Pleasure in Nineteenth Century Feminist Thought." Feminist Studies 9 (1983): 7-25; in Vance, ed.: 31-49.

Ducille, Ann. The Coupling Convention: Sex, Text, and Tradition in Black Women's Fiction. NY: Oxford University Press, 1993.

Duggan, Lisa, and Nan Hunter. Sex Wars: Sexual Dissent and Political Culture. New York: Routledge, 2006. (10th Anniversary Edition.)

Duggan, Lisa. "Biography = Death: Michel Foucault, Passion's Plaything" Village Voice (May 4, 1993): 90-91. (Review of James Miller, The Passion of Michel Foucault.

Duggan, Lisa. "History's Gay Ghetto: the Contradictions of Growth in Lesbian and Gay History," in Susan Porter Benson et al., eds. Presenting the Past: Essays on History and the Public. Philadelphia: Temple University Press, 1986: 281-92.

Duggan, Lisa. "Making It Perfectly Queer." Socialist Review 22 (1992).

Duggan, Lisa. "Review Essay. From Instincts to Politics: Writing the History of Sexuality in the U.S." Journal of Sex Research 27:1 (Feb. 1990): 95-109.

Duggan, Lisa. "The Discipline Problem: Queer Theory Meets Lesbian and Gay History", GLQ 2, (1995): 179-91.

Duggan, Lisa. "The Trials of Alice Mitchell: Sensationalism, Sexology, and the Lesbian Subject in Turn-of-the-Century America." Signs 18:4 (Summer 1993), 791-814.

Duggan, Lisa. “Down There: The Queer South and the Future of History Writing.” GLQ: A Journal of Lesbian and Gay Studies 8, n. 3, 2002: 379-87

Duggan, Lisa. “Queering the State.” Social Text 30, Summer 1994: 1-14.

Duggan, Lisa. “The New Homonormativity: The Sexual Politics of Neoliberalism.” In. Russ Castronovo and Dana D. Nelson, eds., Materializing Democracy. Durham: Duke University Press, 2002.

Duggan, Lisa. “The Social Enforcement of Heterosexuality and Lesbian Resistance in the 1920s," in Swerdlow and Lessinger, eds., Class, Race, and Sex (1983): 76-92.

Duggan, Lisa. “The Trials of Alice Mitchell: Sensationalism, Sexology and the Lesbian Subject in Turn-of-the-Century America." Ph.D. Thesis, University of Pennsylvania, 1992.

Duggan, Lisa. Sapphic Slashers: Sex, Violence, and American Modernity. Durham, NC: Duke University Press, 2000. (On the hetero/homo binary see 25-26; on “Doctors of Desire” see especially 175-79.)

Duggan, Lisa. The Twilight of Equality: Neoliberalism, Cultural Politics, and the Attack on Democracy.  Boston: Beacon Press, 2003.

Duncan, Derek. Reading And Writing Italian Homosexuality: A Case of Possible Difference. Ashgate, December 30, 2005, copyright 2006.

Durkheim, Emile. The Rules of the Sociological Method. Edited with an Introduction by Steven Lukes. Translated by W. D. Halls. NY: The Free Press/Macmillan, 1982.

Dworkin, Andrea.  Right-wing Women. NY: Wideview /Perigree Books, 1983.

Dworkin, Andrea.  Woman Hating. NY: Dutton, 1974.

Dworkin, Andrea. Intercourse. NY: The Free Press, 1987.

Dworkin, Andrea. Our Blood: Prophecies and Discourses on Sexual Politics. NY: Harper and Row, 1976.

Dyer, Richard. The Matter of Images: Essays on Representation. NY: Routledge, 1993. (See "heterosexuality" in index; "Straight Acting": 133-36; and 'White": 141-63.)

Dyer, Richard. "'I Seem to Find the Happiness I Seek': Heterosexuality and Dance in the Musical." In Helen Thomas, ed. Dance, Gender and Culture. London: Macmillan, 1993.

Dynes, Wayne R. "Heterosexuality." In Dynes, ed. Encyclopedia of Homosexuality. NY: Garland, 1990: 332-35.

Dynes, Wayne R. "Wrestling with the Social Boa Constructor", in Stein, Forms of Desire (1990, 1992), 209-38.

Echols, Alice.  "The Taming of the Id: Feminist Sexual Politics, 1968-83." In Vance, ed.: 50-72.

Echols, Alice. "The New Feminism of Yin and Yang." In Snitow, and others: 439-59.

Echols, Alice. Daring to Be Bad: Radical Feminism in America: 1967-1975.  Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press, 1989. (See "heterosexuality" in index.)

Eder, F. X., Lesley Hall, and Gert Hekma, eds., Sexual Cultures in Europe. National Histories (Manchester: Manchester University Press, 1999.

Edwards, A. “The sex/gender distinction: has it outlived its usefulness?” Australian Femininist Studies, 10: 1-12.

Ehrenreich, Barbara, and Deirdre English. For Her Own Good. NY: Doubleday, 1978.

Ehrenreich, Barbara, Elizabeth Hess, and Gloria Jacobs. Re-Making Love: The Feminization of Sex. Garden City, NY: Anchor Press/Doubleday, 1987. (See especially 'The Battle for Orgasm Equity: The Heterosexual Crisis of the Seventies": 7-102.

Ehrenreich, Barbara. The Hearts of Men: American Dreams and the Flight from Commitment. NY: Anchor Press/Doubleday, 1983.

Eisenstein, Hester, and Alice Jardine. The Future of Difference. NY: Columbia University Press, 1980.

Eisenstein, Hester. Contemporary Feminist Thought. Boston: G. K. Hall, 1983.

Eisenstein, Zillah R. Capitalist Patriarchy and the Case for Socialist Feminism. NY: Monthly Review Press, 1980.

Eisenstein, Zillah. The Radical Future of Liberal Feminism. NY: Longman, 1981.

Eisenstein, Zillah., ed. Capitalist Patriarchy and the Case for Socialist Feminism. NY: Monthly Review Press, 1979.

El-Rouayheb, Khaled. Before Homosexuality in the Arab-Islamic World 1500-1800. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 2005. (On the social construction of perceptions and representations, see especially “Introduction”: 1-13; the section “Constructionism and Essentialism” is particularly useful: 5-9. See also: “Conclusion”: 153-61.)

Elder-Vass, Dave. The Reality of Social Construction. Cambridge University Press, 2012.

Ellis, Havelock, and John Addington Symonds. Sexual Inversion. First English edition, London: Wilson and Macmillan, 1897; photographic reprint NY: Arno Press, 1975.

Ellis, Havelock. Studies in the Psychology of Sex. NY: Random House, 1936.

Emery, Kim. The Lesbian Index: Pragmatism and Lesbian Subjectivity in the Twentieth Century United States. Albany: State University of New York Press, 2002. (See especially Chapter 1, “Fantasies of Origin.”)

English, Deirdre, Amber Holibaugh, Gayle Rubin. "Talking Sex: A Conversation on Sexuality and Feminism." Socialist Review 58 (july / Aug. 1981): 43-62.

Eng, David. The Feeling of Kinship: Queer Liberalism and the Racialization of Intimacy. Duke, 2010.

Eng, David. Racial Castration: Managing Masculinity in Asian America. Duke, 2001.

Eng, David, and David Kazanjian, eds. Loss: The Politics of Mourning. California University Press, 2003

Eng, David, and Alice Y. Hom, eds. Q & A: Queer in Asian America. Temple, 1998.

Eng, David, Judith Halberstam, José Esteban Muñoz, "What's Queer about Queer Studies Now?" Social Text, Fall-Winter, 2005, v. 23, n. 3-4: 1-17. 

Fraser, Nancy. “Heterosexism, Misrecognition, and Capitalism: A Response to Judith Butler.” Social Text, No. 52-53. Queer Transexions of Race, Nation, and Gender, Autumn-Winter, 1998: 279-89. (Replies to Butler’s “Merely Cultural” same issue.)

English, Deirdre, Amber Hollibaugh, Gay Rubin. “Talking Sex.” Socialist Review, July-August 1981:

Epprecht, Marc. “Sexuality, History, Africa.” American Historical Review 116 (Dec. 2009): 1258-72. (A major survey article that summarizes the history of the history of sexualities in Africa, to be read in conjunction with his Heterosexual Africa? The History of an Idea from the Age of Exploration to the Age of AIDS.)

Epprecht, Marc. Heterosexual Africa? The History of an Idea from the Age of Exploration to the Age of AIDS. Athens, OH: Ohio University Press, September 23, 2008. (See especially Chapter 1, “A Puzzling Blindspot, a Troubling Silence, a Strange Consensus: Reflections on the Heterosexual Norm in ‘African AIDS’”: 1-32, and Chapter2, “The Ethnography of African Straightness”: 34-63. See also reviews listed in this bibliography by Aderinto; Kaler; Lal; Meiu; Nickels; Spurlin; White. The difficulty of understanding heterosexuality as one, particular, historically specific way of naming, conceptualizing, organizing, and constructing the sexual relationships of women and men is illustrated by this anti-essentialist author’s argument against the anti-colonialist, Africanist claim that an indigenous “homosexuality” is absent from an exclusively “heterosexual” Africa. In response Epprecht presents evidence of a variety of indigenous, changing, historically specific sexual relations between men and between women. But he continues to use “heterosexual,” “heterosexuality,” “heterosexism,” and “heteronormativity” as ahistorical, universal, essential ways of referring to the sexual relations of women and men, and the social regime that organizes them. Though Epprecht’s Heterosexual Africa is called the “History of an Idea” he does not actually study the history of heterosexuality as a historically specific idea, a particular historical way of conceiving and organizing the relations of women and men with each other. He appears not to have consulted any of the scholarly works that focus on and analyze heterosexual history. His bibliography lists only one work that touches specifically and substantially on the history of heterosexuality: Julian Carter’s The Heart of Whiteness: Normal Sexuality and Race in America, 1880-1940 (Durham, NC: Duke University Press, 2007.) It would actually support Epprecht’s argument against the idea of one, singular, essential, indigenous, ahistorical “African heterosexuality” if he did analyze and present heterosexuality as one historically particular way of constructing the sexual relations of different sexes.

Epstein, Barbara. "Family, Sexual Morality, and Popular Movements in Turn-of-the-Century America." In Snitow, and others: 117-30.

Epstein, Debbie, Richard Johnson, Deborah Lyn Steinberg, and Politics of Sexuality Group.  Border Patrols: Policing the Boundaries of Heterosexuality. London: Cassell, 1997.

Epstein, Joseph. "Homo/Hetero: The Struggle for Sexual Identity." Harper's Magazine 241:144 (Sept. 1970): 37-51.

Epstein, Julie, and Krinista Straub, eds. Body Guards: The Cultural Politics of Gender Ambiguity. NY: Routledge, 1991.

Epstein, Steven. "A Queer Encounter: Sociology and the Study of Sexuality." Reprinted in Seidman, ed., Queer Theory/Sociology, 1996: 145-168.

Epstein, Steven. "Gay politics, Ethnic identity: The Limits of Social Constructionism", Socialist Review, Numbers 93/94, May-August 1987, 9-54. In Stein, Forms of Desire (1990, 1992), 239-93: Socialist Review, ed. Unfinished Business: Twenty Years of Socialist Review, London, Verso, 1991: 69-91.

Erenberg, Louis A. ‘Steppin' Out: New York Nightlife and the Transformation of American Culture, 1890-1930. Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1980.

Eribon, Didier. Michel Foucault. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 1991.

Ernst, Waltraud, ed. Histories of the Normal and Abnormal: Social and Cultural Histories of Norms and Normativity. London: Routledge, 2007.

Escoffier, Jeffrey, Regina Kunzel, and Molly McGarry. “The Queer Issue: New Visions of America’s Lesbian and Gay Past.” Radical History Review 62, Spring 1995: 1-6.

Escoffier, Jeffrey, Regina Kunzel, Molly McGarry, eds. “Sexuality in History,” Radical History Review 20, 1979.

Escoffier, Jeffrey. American Homo: Community and Perversity. Berkeley: University of California Press, 1998. (See especially “Introduction”: 1-28; and in the index “Economics,” “Essentialism,” “Heteronormalization,” “Heternormativity,” “Identity,” “Heterosexuality,” “Marx,” “Marxism,” “Normalization.”  (Critical heterosexual history.)

Evans, David T. Sexual Citizenship: The Material Construction of Sexualities.  NY: Routledge, 1993.

Evans, Sarah. Born to Liberty. NY: The Free Press, 1989.

Ewen, Stuart. Captains of Consciousness: Advertising and the Social Roots of the Consumer Culture. NY: McGraw-Hill, 1976.

Faderman, Lillian, and Brigitte Erickson, eds. Lesbians in Germany: 1890s-1920s. Talahassee, FL: Naiad Press, 1980.

Faderman, Lillian. "The Morbidification of Love Between Women by 19th-Century Sexologists." Journal of Homosexuality 4:1 (Fall 1978): 73-89.

Faderman, Lillian. “Who Hid Lesbian History?” Frontiers, v. 4, n. 3, 1979: 74-76.

Faderman, Lillian. Odd Girls and Twilight Lovers: A History of Lesbian Life in Twentieth Century America. NY: Columbia University Press, 1991.

Faderman, Lillian. Scotch Verdict. NY: William Morrow, 1983.

Faderman, Lillian. Surpassing the Love of Men: Romantic Friendship and Love Between Women from the Renaissance to the Present. NY: William Morrow, 1981.

Fass, Paula S. The Damned and the Beautiful: American Youth in the 1920s (NY: Oxford University Press, May 5, 1977). (See especially: 6, "Sexual Mores in the World of Youth": 260-90, and extensive notes and sources on fertility decline.)

Fausto-Sterling, Anne. Sex Gender: biology in a Social World. Routledge, 2012.

Fausto-Sterling, Anne. Sexing the Body: Gender, Politics and the Construction of Sexuality. Basic Books, February 10, 2000.

Febvre, Lucien. “Sensibility and History: How to Reconstitute the Emotional Life of the Past.” In Febvre, Lucien. A New Kind of History. London: Routledge and Kegan Paul, 1973.

Feigenbaum, E. . “Heterosexual privilege: The Political and the Personal.”  Hypatia, v. 22, n. 1, January 2009: 2-9.

Fellman, Anita Clair, and Michael Fellman. Making Sense of Self: Medical Advice Literature in Late Nineteenth-Century America. Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press, 1981.

Fellows, Will.  A Passion to Preserve: Gay Men as Keepers of Culture. Madison: University of Wisconsin Press, 2004.

Fere, Chalres Samson. The Sexual Instinct: Its Evolution and Dissolution. Trans. H. Blanchamp. London: The University Press, 1900. (See "hetero-sexuality," 183.)

Ferguson, , Roderick. Aberrations in Black: Toward a Queer of Color Critique. Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press, 2004.

Ferguson, Ann, Jacqueline N. Zita, Kathryn Pyne Addelson. "On 'Compulsory Heterosexuality and Lesbian Existence': Defining the Issues." Signs 7:1 (Aut. 1981): 158-99. (Includes: Ann Ferguson, "Patriarchy, Sexual Identity, and the Sexual Revolution"; J. N. Zita, "Historical Amnesia and the Lesbian Continuum"; K. P. Addelson, "Words and Lives.")

Ferguson, Ann. Sexual Democracy: Women, Oppression, and Revolution. Boulder, CO: Westview Press, 1991. (See "heterosexuality, compulsory" and "heterosexual relationships" in index.)

Fernbach, David. The Spiral Path. London Gay Men’s Press, 1981.

Ferray, Jean-Claude, and Manfred Herzer. "Homosexual Studies and Politics in the 19th Century: Karl Maria Kertbeny." Trans. Glen W. Peppel. Journal of Homosexuality 19:1 (1990): 23-47.

Fiedler, Leslie. Love and Death in the American Novel. NY: Criterion Books, 1960.

Fields, Barbara Jeanne. "Slavery, Race and Ideology in the United States of America." New Left Review No. 181 (May/June 1990): 95-118.

Finch, J, and P. Summerfield. “Social Reconstruction and the Emergence of Companionate Marriage, 1945-59.” In D. Clark, ed. Marriage, Domestic Life and Social Change: Writings for Jacqueline Burgoyne (1944-88). London: Routledge: 6-27.

Fine, Cordelia. Delusions of Gender: How Our Minds, Society and Neuroscience Create Difference. NY: W. W. Norton, 2010.

Firestone, Shulamith, and Anne Koedt, eds. Notes from the Second Year: Women’s Liberation; Major Writings of the Radical Feminists. NY: New York Radical Feminists, 1970.

Firestone, Shulamith. The Dialectic of Sex: The Case for Feminist Revolution. NY: William Morrow, 1970; rev. ed. NY: Bantam, 1970.

Fisher, Kate and Rebecca Langlands, eds., Sex, Knowledge and Receptions of the Past. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2014.

Floyd, Kevin. The Reification of Desire: Toward a Queer Marxism. Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press, 2009.

Foucault, Michel. "A Conversation with Michel Foucault: The Social Triumph of the Sexual Will." Gilles Barbedette, interviewer. Trans. Brendan Lemon. Christopher Street 64 (May 1982): 36-41.

Foucault, Michel. "Friendship as a Way of Life" (April 1981). In Sylvere Lotringer, ed. Foucault Live. NY: Semiotext(e), 1989: 203-11.

Foucault, Michel. "Introduction." Herculine Barbin: Being the Recently Discovered Memoirs of a Nineteenth-Century French Hermaphrodite. Trans. Richard McDougall. NY: Pantheon, 1980.

Foucault, Michel. "Michel Foucault, An Interview: Sex, Power and the Politics of Identity." Interview by Bob Gallagher and Alexander Wilson (June 1982). The Advocate No. 400 (August 7,1984): 26-30, 58; reprinted in Mark Thompson, ed. Gay Spirit: Myth and Meaning. NY: St. Martin's Press, 1987: 25-35.

Foucault, Michel. "Power and Norm." In Meaghan Morris and Paul Patton, eds. Michel Foucault: Power, Truth, and Strategy. Sydney: Ferral Publications, 1979: 59-66.

Foucault, Michel. "Power and Sex" (March 12, 1977). In Kritzman: 110-24.

Foucault, Michel. "Preface to The History of Sexuality Volume II." Trans. and abridged by William Smock in Paul Rabinow, ed. The Foucault Reader. NY: Pantheon, 1984: 33-39.

Foucault, Michel. "Sexual Choice, Sexual Act: Foucault and Homosexuality" (Fall 1992). In Kritzman: 286-303.

Foucault, Michel. "Sexual Morality and the Law" (April 4, 1978). In Kritzman: 271-85.

Foucault, Michel. "Sexuality and Solitude" (Nov. 20, 1980). London Review of Books 21 (May/June 1981): 3, 5-6; reprinted in David Rieff, ed., Humanities in Review I. NY: Cambridge University Press, 1982: 3-21.

Foucault, Michel. "The Battle for Chastity" (1982). In Kritzman, 227-41.

Foucault, Michel. "The Concern for Truth" (May 1984). In Kritzman: 255-67.

Foucault, Michel. "The Confessions of the Flesh" (July 10, 1977). In Gordon, ed. Michel Foucault (1980): 194-228.

Foucault, Michel. "The History of Sexuality" (January 1-15, 1977). In Gordon, ed. Michel Foucault (1980):183-93.

Foucault, Michel. “Nietzsche, Genealogy, History.” 1971. In Bouchard, Donald F., ed. Language, Counter-Memory, Practice: Selected Essays and Interviews by Michael Foucault. Trans. Donald F. Bouchard, Sherry Simon. Ithaca, NY: Cornell University Press, 1977: 139-64.

Foucault, Michel. “The Return of Morality" (June 28,1984). In Kritzman: 232-54.

Foucault, Michel. “The Simplest of Pleasures" (April 1979). Trans. Mike Riegle and Gilles Barbedette. Fag Rag 29 (1979): 3.

Foucault, Michel. “The West and the Truth of Sex" (Nov. 5-6, 1976). Sub/stance 20 (1978).

Foucault, Michel. Abnormal: Lectures at the College de France, 1974-1975. Translated by Graham Burchell. NY: Picator, 1999.

Foucault, Michel. Discipline and Punish. NY: Vintage 1979.???

Foucault, Michel. Michel Foucault: Politics, Philosophy, Culture: Interviews and Other Writings 1977-1984. Ed. by Lawrence D. Kritzman. Trans by Alan Sheridan and Others. NY: Routledge, 1988.

Foucault, Michel. Michel Foucault: Power/Knowledge: Selected Interviews and Other Writings 1972-1977. Ed. by Colin Gordon. Trans. Colin Gordon, Leo Marshal, John Mepham, Kate Soper. NY: Pantheon, 1980.

Foucault, Michel. Power/Knowledge. NY: Pantheon, 1980.

Foucault, Michel. Remarks on Marx: Conversation with DuccioTrombadori. Trans. by R.James Goldstein and James Cascaito. First published in Italian by 10/17 cooperativa editrice in 1981. NY: Semiotext(e), 1991.

Foucault, Michel. The Care of the Self: Volume 3 of The History of Sexuality (1984). Trans. Robert Hurley. NY: Pantheon, 1986.

Foucault, Michel. The History of Sexuality: An Introduction, Volume 1, trans. Robert Hurley. NY: Vintage/Random House, 1978.

Foucault, Michel. The Use of Pleasure: Volume 2 of The History of Sexuality (1984). NY: Pantheon, 1985.

Fout, John C., and Maura Shaw Tantillo, eds. American Sexual Politics: Sex, Gender, and Race Since the Civil War. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1993.

Fout, John C., ed. Forbidden History: The State, Society, and the Regulation of Sexuality in Modern Europe. Chicago: University of Chciago Press. 1992.

Fradenburg, Louise, and Carl Freccero, eds. Premodern Sexualities. NY: Routledge, 1996.

Frank, Blye. "Hegemonic Heterosexual Masculinity." Studies in Political Economy 24 (Autumn 1987): 159-69.

Frankenberg, Ruth. White Women, Race Matters: The Social Construction of Whiteness. Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press, 1993.

Frantzen, Allen J. "Between the Lines: Queer Theory, the History of Homosexuality, and the Anglo-Saxon Penitentials." Journal of Medieval and Early Renaissance Studies 26 (1996). 245-96.

Frantzen, Allen J. "Queer theory," "Sexuality: male same-sex relations," in Women and Gender in Medieval Europe: An Encyclopedia. New York: Routledge, 2006.

Frantzen, Allen J. Before the Closet: Same-Sex Love From Beowulf to Angles in America. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1998. (See especially “Introduction: Straightforward”: 1-29 – a major critique of queer historicism; of general interest though focused on the early Middle Ages.)

Frantzen, Allen J. Review: Jonathan Goldberg, ed. Queering the Renaissance. Medievalia et Humanistica 22 (1995): 253-57.

Frantzen, Allen J. Review: Jonathan Ned Katz. Love Stories: Sex between Men before Homosexuality. The Historian, December 1, 2003: 1485-1486.

Frantzen, Allen J. Review: Louis-Georges Tin. The Invention of Heterosexual Culture. H-France Review 13 (July 2013), no. 10. http://www.h-france.net/vol13reviews/vol13reviews.html.

Frantzen, Allen J. Robert Muchembled. “Orgasm and the West: A History of Pleasure from the Sixteenth Century to the Present.” The Historian, 73.1 (2011): 215-16.

Fraser, Nancy. “Heterosexism, Misrecognition, and Capitalism: A Response to Judith Butler.” Social Text 52-53, 1997:279-89.

Freccero, Carla. “Queer Times.” South Atlantic Quarterly v. 106, n. 3, 2007:

Freccero, Carla. “We ‘Other Victorians’.” GLQ: A Journal of Lesbian and Gay Studies 14, n. 1, 2008:

Freccero, Carla. Queer/Early/Modern. Durham, NC: Duke University Press, January 16, 2006.

Fredericson, George. The Black Image in the White Mind: The Debate on Afro-American Character and Destiny: 1817-1914. NY: Harper and Row, 1971.

Freedman, Estelle B. "'Uncontrolled Desires': The Response to the Sexual Psychopath, 1920-1960." Journal of American History 79:1 (June 1987): 83-106.

Freedman, Estelle B. "Sexuality in Nineteenth-Century America: Behaviour, Ideology, and Politics." Reviews in American History 10:4 (Dec. 1982): 196-215.

Freedman, Estelle B., and others, eds. “The Lesbian Issue." Signs (19S5).

Freedman, Estelle. “The Prison Lesbian: Race, Class, and the Construction of the Aggressive Female Homosexual.” Feminist Studies 22, 2, Summer 1996: 307-421.

Freeman, Elizabeth, ed. “Theorizing Queer Temporalities: A Round-table Discussion.” GLQ, v. 13, n. 2-3, 2007: 177-95. (Discussants: Carolyn Dinshaw, Lee Edelman, Roderick A. Ferugson, Carla Freccero, Elizabeth Freeman, Judith Halberstam, Annamarie Jagose, Christopher S. Nealon, Tan Hoang Nguyen.)

Freeman, Elizabeth. “Packing History: Count(er)ing Generations.” New Literary History, v. 31, n. 4, 200:1-18.

Freeman, Elizabeth. Time Binds: Queer Temporalities, Queer Histories. Durham, NC: Duke University Press, 2010. (See especially “Preface”: ix-xxiv; “Introduction: Queer and Not Now”: 1-20; “Time Binds, or Erotohistoriography”: 95-136; “Coda”: 171-74.

Freud, Sigmund. "A Special Type of Choice of Object Made by Men" (1910h), SE 11: 165-75.

Freud, Sigmund. "An Autobiographical Study." (1925d), SE 20: 3-76.

Freud, Sigmund. "Analysis of a Phobia in a Five-Year-Old Boy [Little Hans]." (1909b), SE 10: 3-149.

Freud, Sigmund. "Analysis Terminable and Interminable." (1937c), SE 23: 211-53.

Freud, Sigmund. "Claims of Psycho-Analysis to Scientific Interest" (1913f), Part II (C), 'The Biological Interest of Psycho-analysis." SE 13: 179-S2.

Freud, Sigmund. "Contributions to a Discussion on Masturbation" (1912f), SE 12: 243-54.

Freud, Sigmund. "Family Romances" (1909c), SE 9: 237-4l.

Freud, Sigmund. "Female Sexuality" (1931b), SE 21: 223-43.

Freud, Sigmund. "Fetishism" (1927e), SE 21: 149-57.

Freud, Sigmund. "Fragment of an Analysis of a Case of Hysteria" (Dora) (1905d), SE 7: 3-122.

Freud, Sigmund. "Instincts and Their Vicissitudes" (1915c), SE 14: 111-40.

Freud, Sigmund. "Leonardo da Vinci and a Memory of His Childhood" (1910c), SE 11: 59-63, 93-106. (See especially Ch. 3 about sexuality.)

Freud, Sigmund. "Libidinal Types" (1913a), SE 21: 216-20.

Freud, Sigmund. "My Views on the Part Played by Sexuality in the Aetiology of the Neuroses" (1906a), SE 7: 271-79.

Freud, Sigmund. "Notes Upon a Case of Obsessional Neurosis" (Rat Man) (1909d), SE 10: 153-31S.

Freud, Sigmund. "On Narcissism: an Introduction" (1914c), SE 14: 69-102.

Freud, Sigmund. "On the Universal Tendency to Debasement in the Sphere of Love" (1912d), SE 11: 17S-90.

Freud, Sigmund. "On Transformation of Instinct as Exemplified in Anal Erotism" (1917c), SE 17: 126-33.

Freud, Sigmund. "Preface to Bourke's Scatologic Rites of All Nations (1913k), SE: 12, 334-37.

Freud, Sigmund. "Preface to the Fourth Edition of Three Essays on the Theory of Sexuality" (1920), SE 7: 133.

Freud, Sigmund. "Psycho-Analytic Notes on an Autobiographical Account of a Case of Paranoia (Dementia Paranoides)" (Schreber) (1911), SE 12: 3-S2.

Freud, Sigmund. "Some Neurotic Mechanism in Jealousy, Paranoia and Homosexuality" (1922b), SE IS: 222-32.

Freud, Sigmund. "Some Psychical Consequences of the Anatomical Distinctions Between the Sexes" (1925j), SE 19: 243-5S.

Freud, Sigmund. "Splitting of the Ego in the Process of Defense" (1940), SE 23: 273-78.

Freud, Sigmund. "Studies in Hysteria" (1893), SE 2: ix-xxvii; 48-181 (Freud's cases 2, 3, 4, 5.)

Freud, Sigmund. "The Infantile Genital Organization" (1923e), SE 19: 141-45.

Freud, Sigmund. "The Psychogenesis of a Case of Female Homosexuality," (1920a), SE IS: 146-72.

Freud, Sigmund. “The Disposition to Obsessional Neurosis." (1913i), SE 12: 313-26.

Freud, Sigmund. “The Dissolution of the Oedipus Complex." (1924d), SE 19: 173-79.

Freud, Sigmund. “The Economic Problem of Masochism." (1924c), SE 19: 157-70.

Freud, Sigmund. “The Sexual Enlightenment of Children" (1907c), SE 9: 131-39.

Freud, Sigmund. “The Taboo of Virginity" (1918a), SE 11: 192-208.

Freud, Sigmund. “Three Essays on the Theory of Sexuality" (1905d), SE 7: 125. (This was also published as Three Contributions to the Sexual Theory. Trans. A. A. Brill. NY: The Journal of Nervous and Mental Disease Publishing House, 1910.)

Freud, Sigmund. “Two Encyclopedia Entries" ("Libido Theory") (1923a), SE 18: 234-59.

Freud, Sigmund. An Outline of Psycho-Analysis (1940a), Editor's Note; III, 'The Development of the Sexual Function"; VII, "An Example of PsychoAnalytic Work." SE 23: 141-43; 152-56; IS3-94.

Freud, Sigmund. Beyond the Pleasure Principle. (1920g), SE IS: 3-64.

Freud, Sigmund. Civilization and Its Discontents (1930a), SE 21: 59-145.

Freud, Sigmund. Five Lectures on Psycho-Analysis (1910a), SE 11: 3-55. (Especially Lecture IV on sexuality.)

Freud, Sigmund. Group Psychology and the Analysis of the Ego (1921c), SE IS: 67-143.

Freud, Sigmund. Introductory Lectures on Psycho-Analysis (1916-17), SE 16: Lecture XX, 'The Sexual Life of Human Beings," 303-19; Lecture XXI, 'The Development of the Libido and the Sexual Organizations," 320-3S; Lecture XXII, "Some Thoughts on Development and Regression Aetiology," 339-57.

Freud, Sigmund. New Introductory Lectures on Psycho-Analysis (1933a), Editor's Note; XXXII, "Anxiety and the Instinctual Life"; XXXIII, "Femininity." SE 3-4: SI-111; 112-35.

Freud, Sigmund. The Ego and the Id. (1923b), SE 19: 3-66.

Freud, Sigmund. The Standard Edition of the Complete Psychological Works of Sigmund Freud. 24 volumes. Edited by James Strachey. London: Hogarth Press, 1953-. (Titles of Freud's works listed here refer to the volume number of the Standard Edition.)

Friedan, Betty.  It Changed My Life: Writings on the Women's Movement. NY: Random House, 1976.

Friedan, Betty. The Feminine Mystique. NY: W. W. Norton, 1963.

Friedman, Asia. Blind to Sameness: Sexpectations and the Social Construction of Male and Female Bodies. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 2013.u

Fruhstuck, Sabine. Colonizing Sex: Sexology and Social Control in Modern Japan. University of California Press, October 7, 2003.

Fuechtner, Veronka, Douglas E. Haynes, and Ryan Jones, eds. Towards a Global History of Sexual Science 1880-1950. Under review.

Fumento, Michael. The Myth of Heterosexual AIDS. NY: Basic Books, 1990.

Fuss, Diana. Essentially Speaking: Feminism, Nature & Difference. NY: Routledge, 1989. (See especially Fuss’s analysis of Monique Wittig and Adrienne Rich on the heterosexual/homosexual division: 41-44, 46-49; “Theorizing Politics,” 105-07; and “Inventing Homosexuality”: 107-12. Also "heterosexism," "heterosexuality" in index.)

Fuss, Diana., ed. Inside/Out: Lesbian and Gay Theories. NY: Routledge, 1990. (See especially Fuss, "Inside Out": 1-12.)

Gadlin, Howard. "Private Lives and Public Order: A Critical View of the History of Intimate Relations in the U.S." Massachusetts Review 17 (Summer 1976): 304-30.

Gagnon, John H. and William Simon. “Sexual Deviance in Contemporary America.” The Annals of the Academy of Political and Social Science (March 1968) v. 376: 106-22

Gagnon, John H. and William Simon. Sexual Conduct: The Social Sources of Human Sexuality. Chicago: Aldine Publishing, 1973. (Pioneering sociological theory that sexual activity is influenced by changing social scripts that prescribe good sexual acts and proscribe bad sexual acts.)

Gagnon, John, and Cathy Greenblatt. Life Designs: Individuals, Marriages, Families. Glenview, IL: Scott, Foresman, 1978. (See especially 'The Learning and Practice of Heterosexuality": 137-43.)

Gagnon, John. An Interpretation of Desire: Essays in the Study of Sexuality. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 2004. (See especially, “Foreword” by Jeffrey Escoffier on essentialism and social construction: xiii-xxiv; and the references throughout to heterosexuality: xxii, 52-53, 96-98, 105-06, 111-15, 12.)

Gagnon, John. Human Sexualities. Glenview, IL: Scott, Foresman, 1977. (See especially ch. 9, "Learning Heterosexuality": 165-90, and heterosexuality" in index.)

Gallagher, Catherine, and Thomas Laqueur, eds. Sexuality and the Social Body in the Nineteenth Century. Representations 14 (Spring 1986). Reprinted as The Making of the Modern Body: Sexuality and Society in the Nineteenth Century. Berkeley: University of California Press, 1987.

Garber, Marjorie. Vested Interests: Cross-Dressing and Cultural Anxiety. NY: Routledge, 1992.

Garella, Peter. Innocent Ecstasy: How Christianity Gave America an Ethic of Sexual Pleasure. NY: Oxford University Press, 1985.

Garton, Stephen. Histories of Sexuality. NY: Routledge, 2004. (See especially, 1 “Writing Sexual History”: 1-29; 5 “Making Heterosexuality”: 81-100; 10 “Normalzing Sexuality”:189-209, and in the index “essentialist theories of sexuality,” “social constructionist theories of sexuality,” and “heterosexuality.”)

Gathorne-Hardy, Jonathan. Kinsey: Sex the Measure of All Things. Bloomington: Indiana University Press, 1998.

Gay, Peter. ''Victorian Sexuality: Old Texts and New Insights." American Scholar (Summer 1980): 372-78.

Gay, Peter. The Bourgeois Experience, Victoria to Freud. 4 volumes. Education of the Senses, Volume 1, NY: Oxford University Press, 1984; The Tender Passion, Volume 2, NY: Oxford University Press, 1986; The Cultivation of Hatred. NY: W. W. Norton, 1993; The Naked Heart, Volume 4, W. W. Norton, 1994.

Geer, J., and W. O’Donoghue, eds. Theories and Paradigms of Human Sexuality. NY: Plenum Press, 1987.

Gerard, Kent., and Gert Hekma eds. The Pursuit of Sodomy: Male Homosexuality in Renaissance and Enlightenment Europe. NY: Harrington Park Press, 1989.

Ghaziani, Amin. “The Reinvention of Heterosexuality.” Gay and Lesbian Review v. 17, n. 3, 2010: 27-29.

Giddens, Anthony. Capitalism and Modern Social Theory: An Analysis of the Writings of Marx, Durkheim and Max Weber. Cambridge University Press, 1971.

Giddens, Anthony. Social Theory and Modern Sociology. Stanford, CA: Stanford University Press, 1987.

Giddens, Anthony. The Constitution of Society: Outline of the Theory of Structuration. Berkeley: University of California Press, 1984.

Giddens, Anthony. The Transformation of Intimacy: Sexuality, Love and Eroticism in Modern Societies. Stanford, CA: Stanford University Press, 1992.

Giddings, Paula. When and Where I Enter: The Impact of Black Women on Race and Sex in America. NY: Bantam Books, 1985.

Gilbert, Arthur N. “Conceptions of Homosexuality and Sodomy in Western History.” Journal of Homosexuality, Fall 1980-Winter 1981, v.6, ns.1-2: 57-68. In Licata and Petersen, The Gay Past (1985): 57-68.

Gilfoyle, Timothy. City of Eros: New York City, Prostitution, and the Commercialization of Sex, 1790-1920. NY: W. W. Norton, 1992.

Gilman, Sander L. Difference and Pathology: Stereotypes of Sexuality, Race, and Madness. Ithaca: Cornell University Press, 1985.

Gilman, Sander L. The Case of Sigmund Freud: Medicine and Identity at the Fin de Siecle. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press, 1993.

Gilman, Sandor L. Difference and Pathology: Stereotypes of Sexuality, Race, and Madness. Ithaca, NY: Cornell University Press, 1985.

Ginsburg, Faye D., Lila Abu-Lughod, Brian Larkin, eds., Media Worlds: Anthropology on New Terrain. University of California Press October 7, 2002.

Gleason, Philip. “Identifying Identity: A Semantic History.” Journal of American History, 69, n. 4, 1983:

Glick, Elisa. Materializing Queer Desire: Oscar Wilde to Andy Warhol.  Albany: State University of New York Press, August 6, 2009.

Godbeer, Richard. The Overflowing of Friendship: Love Between Men and the Creation of the American Republic. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press, 2009. (See especially “Introduction” on how past understandings of sexuality and friendship in the early American republic differed from ours today: 1-16.)

Goldberg, Jonathan, and Madhavi Menon. “Queering History.” PMLA, v. 120, n. 5, 2005: 1608-17.

Goldberg, Jonathan, ed. Queering the Renaissance. Durham: Duke University Press, 1994.

Goldberg, Jonathan.  "'They Are All Sodomites': The New World." In Sodometries: Renaissance Texts, Modern Sexualities. Stanford: Stanford University Press, 1992: 179-249. (See "heterosexuality" in index.)

Goldberg, Jonathan. "Sodomy in the New World: Anthropologies Old and New." In Warner, ed.: 3-18.

Goodheart, Adam.”The Age of the Uranians.” New York Times Book Review, March 7, 2004.

Gordon, Linda. Women's Body, Woman's Right: A Social History of Birth Control in America. NY: Grossman, 1976.

Gordon, Michael, ed. The American Family in Social-Historical Perspective. NY: St. Martin’s Press, 1973. 3rd ed. 1983.

Gordon, Michael. 'The Ideal Husband as Depicted in the Nineteenth-Century Marriage Manual." In Pleck and Pleck: 145-57.

Gordon, Michael. "From an Unfortunate Necessity to a Cult of Mutual Orgasm: Sex in American Marital Education Literature, 1830-1940." In James , Henslin, ed., Studies in the Sociology of Sex. NY: Appleton-CenturyCrofts, 1971: 53-77.

Gornick, Vivian. Essays in Feminism. NY: Harper and Row, 1978.

Gornick, Vivian., and Barbara K. Morgan, eds. Woman in Sexist Society. NY: Basic Books, 1971.

Gossett, Thomas F. Race: The History of an Idea in America. Dallas, TX: Southern Methodist University Press, 1963.

Gramsci, Antonio. An Antonio Gramsci Reader. Ed. David Fogacs. NY: Schoken Books, 1988.

Green, Adam Isaiah, ed. Sexual Fields: Toward a Sociology of Collective Sexual Life. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 2014.

Green, James. Taking History to Heart: The Power of the Past in Building Social Movements. Amherst: University of Massachusetts Press, 2000.

Greenberg, David F. The Construction of Homosexuality. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1981. (See especially: “Theorizing the Prohibition against Homosexuality”: 1-24; “Epilogue: Under the Sign of Sociology”: 482-500, and "heterosexuality" in index. Large bibliography.)

Griffin, Gabriele, ed. Straight Studies Modified: Lesbian Interventions in the Academy. London: Cassell, 1997.

Gutman, Herbert G., and Richard Sutch. “Victorians All? The Sexual Conduct of Slaves and Their Masters." In Paul A. David, et aI., eds. Reckoning with Slavery: A Critical Study of the Quantitative History of American Negro Slavery. NY: Oxford University Press, 1976: 134-64.

Gutman, Herbert G. The Black Family in Slavery and Freedom, 1750-1925. NY: Pantheon, 1976. (See "sex education," "sexual practices," and "sexual punishment" in index.)

Guttman, Samuel A. and others. The Concordance to The Standard Edition of The Complete Psychological Works of Sigmund Freud. 6 volumes. Boston: G. K Hall, 1960.

Haag, Pamela S. "In Search of 'The Real Thing': Ideologies of Love, Modern Romance, and Women's Sexual Subjectivity in the United States, 1920-40." Journal of the History of Sexuality 2:4 (1992); reprinted in Fout and Tantillo, eds. American Sexual Politics: 161-91.

Hacking, Ian. "Making Up People." In Thomas Heller, and others, eds., Reconstructing Individualism: Autonomy, Individuality, and the Self in Western Thought. Stanford: Stanford University Press, 1986: 222-36; reprinted in Stein, ed., Forms of Dimport

Hacking, Ian. 'The Invention of Split Personalities." In Alan Donagan, and others, eds. Nature and Natural Knowledge. Dordrecht: D. Reidel, 1986: 63-85. I & C, n. 10-11, 1988.

Hacking, Ian. “How ‘Natural’ Are ‘Kinds’ of Sexual Orientation?” Law and Philosophy 21, no. 1, January 2002: 95:107.

Hacking, Ian. The Social Construction of What? Boston: Harvard University Press, 1999.

Hacking, Ian. The Taming of Chance. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1990. (Important for the study of statistics and the statistical definition of the “normal.”)

Hage, Jerald, ed. Formal Theory in Sociology: Opportunity or Pitfall? State University of New York, September 1994.

Hagerty, George E., and Molly McGarry, eds. A Companion to Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, and Transgender Studies. London: Blackwell, 2007.

Halberstam, J. Jack. Gaga Feminism: Sex, Gender, and the End of Normal. Boston: Beacon Press, 2012. (See, especially, 3, “Gaga Sexualities: The End of Normal.”)

Halberstam, Judith. Female Masculinity. Durham, NC: Duke University Press, 1998.

Halberstam, Judith. In a Queer Time and Place: Transgender Bodies, Subcultural Lives. NY: New York University Press, 2005. (See especially 1 “Queer Temporality and Postmodern Geographies”; 7 “What’s That Smell? Queer Temporalities and Subcultural Lives.”)

Hale, Grace Elizabeth. Making Whiteness: The Culture of Segregation in the South, 1890-1940. NY: Panthon Books, 1998.

Hale, Nathan G., Jr. Freud and the Americans: The Beginnings of Psychoanalysis in the United States, 1876-1917. NY: Oxford University Press, 1971.

Hall, Diana Long. "Biology, Sex Hormones, and Sexism in the 1920s." In Carol Gould and Marx Wartofsky, eds., Women and Philosophy: Toward a Theory of Liberation. NY: G. P. Putnam's, 1979: 81-96.

Hall, Jacqueline Dowd. "’The Mind That Burns in Each Body': Women, Rape, and Racial Violence." In Snitow, and others: 328-49.

Hall, Leslie A. Male Anxieties: Male Sexuality, 1900-1950. Cambridge, MA: Polity Press/Basil Blackwell, 1991.

Haller, John S.  Outcasts from Evolution: Scientific Attitudes of Racial Inferiority, 1859-1900. Urbana: University of Illinois Press, 1971.

Haller, John S. "From Maidenhead to Menopause: Sex Education for Women in Victorian America." Journal of Popular Culture 6: 1 (Summer 1972): 49-70.

Haller, John S., and Robin M. Haller. The Physician and Sexuality in Victorian America. Urbana, IL: University of Illinois Press, 1974; reprinted NY: W. W. Norton, 1977.

Haller, Mark H. Eugenics: Hereditarian Attitudes in American Thought. NJ: Rutgers University Press, 1963.

Halley, Janet E.  "Sexual Orientation and the Politics of Biology: A Critique of the Argument from Immutability." Stanford Law Review 46:3 (Feb. 1994): 503-68.

Halley, Janet E. "Bowers v. Hardwick in the Renaissance." In Goldberg, ed.: 15-39.

Halley, Janet E. "Misreading Sodomy: A Critique of the Classification of 'Homosexuals' in Federal Equal Protection Law." In Epstein and Straub: 351-77.

Halley, Janet E. "Reasoning About Sodomy: Act and Identity in and After Bowers v. Hardwick." Virginia Law Review 79:7 (Oct. 1993): 1721-80.

Halley, Janet E. “The Construction of Heterosexuality." Stanford Journal of Law, Gender and Sexual Orientation 1 (1991). In Warner, ed. Fear of a Queer Planet, 1993: 82-99.

Halley, Janet E. “The Politics of the Closet: Towards Equal Protection for Gay, Lesbian, and Bisexual Identity." UCLA Law Review 36:5 (June 1989): 915-76.

Halley, Janet, and Andrew Parker, eds. After Sex? On Writing Since Queer Theory. Durham, NC: Duke University Press, 2011. Revised, expanded version of issue of South Atlantic Quarterly, 106.3, Summer 2007. (See especially Carla Freccero, “Queer Times,” 17-26, and Jonathan Goldberg, “After Thoughts,” 34-44.)

Halperin, David M. “Forgetting Foucault: Acts, Identities, and the History of Sexuality,” Representations, 63 (Summer 1998), 93-120; in Kim M. Phillips and Barry Reay, eds., Sexualities in History: A Reader, ed. (New York: Routledge, 2002), 42-68, and in Martha C. Nussbaum and Juha Sihvola, eds., The Sleep of Reason: Erotic Experience and Sexual Ethics in Ancient Greece and Rome (Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 2002), 21-54.

Halperin, David M. “Introduction: Among Men—History, Sexuality, and the Return of Affect,” in Katherine O’Donnell and Michael O’Rourke, eds., Love, Sex, Intimacy, and Friendship Between Men, 1550-1800 (Basingstoke: Palgrave, 2003), 1-11.

Halperin, David M. “Is There a History of Sexuality?” History and Theory, 28.3 (October 1989), 257-74; reprinted in: Abelove, and others, The Lesbian and Gay Studies Reader, 416-31; Brian Fay, Philip Pomper, and Richard T. Vann, eds., History and Theory: Contemporary Readings, ed. (Oxford: Blackwell Publishers, 1998), 253-67; Robert B. Baker, Kathleen J. Wininger, and Frederick A. Elliston, eds., Philosophy and Sex, 3rd ed., (Amherst, NY: Prometheus Books, 1998), 413-31; Ken Plummer, ed. Sociology of Sexualities: Critical Assessments, ed. (New York: Routledge, 2002); R. M. Burns, ed., Historiography: Critical Concepts in Historical Studies, (New York: Routledge, 2006. (Refers to the need for historians of sexuality to “include as an essential part of their proper enterprise the task of demonstrating the historicity of the conditions of emergence, modes of construction, and ideological contingencies of the very categories of analysis that undergird their own practice.”)

Halperin, David M. “Lesbian Historiography before the Name? Commentary,” GLQ: A Journal of Lesbian and Gay Studies, 4.4 (1998), 559-78.

Halperin, David M. “Questions of Evidence: Commentary on Koehl, DeVries, and Williams,” in Martin Duberman, ed. Queer Representations: Reading Lives, Reading Cultures (New York: New York University Press, 1997), 39-54.

Halperin, David M. “Sex/Sexuality/Sexual Classification,” in Catharine R. Stimpson and Gilbert Herdt, eds., Critical Terms for the Study of Gender (Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 2014), 449-486.  

Halperin, David M. “That Obscure Object of Historical Desire.” In Richard C. Sha, ed., Historicizing Romantic Sexuality, Romantic Circles Praxis Series (http://www.rc.umd.edu/praxis/sexuality), January 2006.

Halperin, David M. “The First Homosexuality?” In Martha C. Nussbaum and Juha Sihvola, eds., The Sleep of Reason: Erotic Experience and Sexual Ethics in Ancient Greece and Rome (Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 2002): 229-68.

Halperin, David M. “The Normalization of Queer Theory,” Journal of Homosexuality, v. 45, n. 2/3/4, 2003. In  Gust A. Yep, Karen E. Lovaas, and John P. Elia, eds. Queer Theory and Communication: From Disciplining Queers to Queering the Discipline(s). NY: Haworth Press, 2003: 339-43.

Halperin, David M. How to Do the History of Homosexuality. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 2002. (Major work on the theory and practice of sexual history.)

Halperin, David M. One Hundred Years of Homosexuality and Other Essays on Greek Love. NY: Routledge, 1990. (Major work on social construction theory and the practice of sexual history.)

Halperin, David M. Saint Foucault: Towards a Gay Hagiography. New York: Oxford University Press, 1995. (See especially on social construction and homo/hetero: 3-4, 38-48, 61, 62, 177-82, 187-89nn, 201nn, 212n. )

Halperin, David M., and Gilbert Herdt, eds. The Traffic in Boys: Age-Graded Male Homoeroticism in Culture and History. Chicago: University of Chicago Press. In preparation.

Halperin, David M., John J. Winkler, Froma I. Zeitlin, eds. Before Sexuality: The Construction of Erotic Experience in the Ancient Greek World. Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1990. (See, especially: “Introduction: 3-20; in index see, especially: “gender;”

Halperin, David M.. “Historicizing the Sexual Body: Sexual Preferences and Erotic Identities in the PseudoLucianic Erôtes,” in Domna C. Stanton, ed., Discourses of Sexuality: From Aristotle to AIDS (Ann Arbor: University of Michigan Press, 1992), 236-61.

Halperin, David M.. “How to Do the History of Male Homosexuality,” GLQ: A Journal of Lesbian and Gay Studies, 6.1 (2000), 87-124.

Halperin, David. “Response: Halperin on Brennan on Brooten,” Bryn Mawr Classical Review. Accessed on November 8, 2015 from: bmcr-l@brynmawr.edu, 97.12.3: 5 December 1997.

Halttunen, Karen. Confidence Men and Painted Women: A Study of Middle Class Culture in America, 1830-1870. New Haven: Yale University Press, 1982.

Hamill, Peter. "American Journal: Confessions of a Heterosexual." Esquire (Aug. 1990): 55-57.

Haney-Lopez, Ian. White by Law: The Legal Construction of Race. NY: New York University Press, 1996.

Hanscombe, Gillian E., Dianna Chapman, Martin Humphries, eds.  Heterosexuality. London: GMP Publishers, 1987. (See especially Jon Ward's "The Nature of Heterosexuality": 145-69.)

Hansen, Bert. "American Physicians' 'Discovery' of the Homosexual, 1880-1900: A New Diagnosis in a Changing Society." In Charles Rosenberg and Janet Golden, eds., Framing Disease: Studies in Cultural History. New Brunswick, NJ: Rutgers University Press, 1992: 104-33.

Hansen, Bert. “American Physicians Earliest Writings About Homosexuals, 1880-1900.” The Milbank Quarterly, 67, Supplement 1, 1989: 92-108.

Hansen, Bert. “The Historical Construction of Homosexuality" (review of Jeffery Weeks, Coming Out), Radical History Review, n. 20, Spring/ Summer 1979: 66-73.

Harding, Sandra, and Jean F. O’Barr, eds. Sex and Scientific Inquiry. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1987.

Harding, Sandra. “The Instability of the Analytical Categories of Feminist Theory.” In Harding and O’Barr, eds., Sex and Scientific Inquiry (1987), 283-302.

Harris, David. From Class Struggle to the Politics of Pleasure: The Effects of Gramscianism on Cultural Studies. NY: Routledge, 1992.

Harry, Joseph, and William Deval. The Social Organization of Gay Males. NY: Praeger, 1978.

Harvey, David. A Companion to Marx’s Capital. London, NY:Verso, 2010.

Harwood, Victoria, et aI., eds. Pleasure Principles: Politics, Sexuality and Ethics. London: Lawrence & Wishart, 1993.

Hatheway, Jay. The Guilded Age Construction of American Homophobia. Palgrave Macmillan, 2003.

Hauser, R. I. “Krafft-Ebing’s Psychological Understanding of Sexual Behavior.” In Porter and Teich eds. Sexual Science (1994): 210-27.

Heap, Chad. Slumming: Sexual and Racial Encounters in American Nightlife. 1885-1940. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 2009. (See, especially: “Introduction” and in index: “hetero-homo sexual binary;” “heterosexuality,” and “heterosocialization of leisure.”)

Hekma, Gert. "A History of Sexology: Social and Historical Aspects of Sexuality." In Bremmer, ed., From Sappho to De Sade (1989): 173-93.

Hekma, Gert. “’A Female Soul in a Male Body’: Sexual Inversion as Gender Inversion in Nineteenth-Century Sexology.” In Gilbert Herdt, ed. Third Sex, Third Gender: Beyond Sexual Dimorphism in Culture and History. NY: Zone Books, 1994: 213-40..

Hekman, Gert. “Social Philosophies, Social Practices: Some Preludes to the Homosexual.” In M. Aerts, and others, eds: Among Men, Among Women. Amsterdam: University of Amsterdam, 1983: 258-67.

Hennessy, Rosemary. Materialist Feminism and the Politics of Discourse. Routledge, 1997-12-8.

Hennessy, Rosemary. Profit and Pleasure: Sexual Identities in Late Capitalism. NY: Routledge, 2000. (See especially “1 Setting the Terms,” and “2 The Material of Sex”: 1-73 for important considerations of Marxist feminist theory.)

Henry, George. Sex Variants: A Study of Homosexual Patterns. 2-volume ed. NY: Paul B. Hoeber, 1941.

Henslin, James, ed., Studies in the Sociology of Sex. NY: Appleton-Century-Crofts, 1971.

Herdt, Gilbert, ed. Third Sex, Third Gender: Beyond Sexual Dimorphism in Culture and History. NY: Zone Books, 1994.

Herdt, Gilbert. “Representations of Homosexuality: An Essay on Cultural Ontology and Historical Comparison Part I.” Journal of the History of Sexuality, Vol. 1, No. 3 (Jan., 1991), pp. 481-504. Part II: same, (April 1991), v.1, n.4: 603-32.

Herdt, Gilbert. Guardians of the Flutes: Idioms of Masculinity: A Study of Ritualized Homosexual Behavior. NY: McGraw-Hill, 1981.

Herek, Gregory. “On Heterosexual Masculinity: Some Psychical Consequences of The Social Construction of Gender and Sexuality.” American Behavior Scientist 29: 563-77.

Herring, Scott. Queering the Underworld: Slumming, Literature, and the Undoing of Lesbian and Gay History. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 2007.

Hertz, Niel, ed. Special Issue: "Freud and Dora." Diacritics (Spring 1983.)

Herzer, Manfred. "Ein Brief von Kertbeny in Hannover an Ulrichs in Wurzburg." Capri: Zeitschrift fur Geschichte 1 (1987): 25-35.

Herzer, Manfred. "Kertbeny and the Nameless Love." Journal of Homosexuality 12:1 (Fall 1985): 1-25.

Higginbotham, Evelyn Brooks. "African-American Women's History and the Metalanguage of Race." Signs 17:2 (Winter 1992): 251-74.

Higham, John. 'The Reorientation of American Culture in the 1890s." In his Writing American History: Essays in Modern Scholarship. Bloomington: Indiana University Press, 1970.

Hirschfeld, Magnus. The Homosexuality of Men and Women. Translated by Michael Lombardi-Nash. NY: Prometheus Books, 2000.

Hobsbawm, Eric, and Terrence Ranger, eds. The Invention of Tradition. London: Cambridge University Press, 1983.

Hobsbawm, Eric. The Age of Capital 1848-1875. Weidenfeld & Nicholson, 1975;NY: Barnes and Noble, 1996.

Hobsbawm, Eric. The Age of Empire 1875-1914. NY: Pantheon, 1987.

Hockey, Jenny, Angela Meah, and Victoria Robinson. Mundane Heterosexualities: From Theory to Practice. Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillian, 2007.

Holder, Ann. “Fairies and Normals and Queers, Oh, My!: Gay New York Before the Rise of the Closet.” [Review of Chauncey, Gay New York.]  Radical America, v. 25, n. 3: 53-64.

Hole, Judith, and Ellen Levine. The Rebirth of Feminism. NY: Quadrangle, 1971. (See especially "The 'Sexual Revolution,' " 218-21, "The Politics of Language," 222-24, and "heterosexuals" in index.) .

Holland, Janet, Caroline Ramazanoglu, Sue Sharpe, Rachel Tomson. The Male in the Head: Young People, Heterosexuality, and Power. London: Tufnell Press 1998.

Hollibaugh, Amber, and Cherie Morgaga. "What We're Rollin Around in Bed With: Sexual Silences in Feminism." In Snitow, and others: 394-405.

Hollibaugh, Amber. “Desire for the Future: Radical Hope in Passion and Pleasure." In Vance, ed.: 401-10.

Hollibaugh, Amber. “Sex to Gender, Past to Present, Race to Class, Now to Future”. GLQ, v.10, n.2, 2004: 261-65.

Hollibaugh, Amber. “Sexuality and the State: The Defeat of the Briggs Initiative and Beyond.” Socialist Review v. 45, May-June 1978: 55–72. 

Holloway, W. “Gender Difference and the Production of Subjectivity.” In J. Henriques, and others, Changing the Subject. London: Methuen, 1984: 227-63.

Holloway, W. “Theorizing Heterosexuality: a Response.” Feminism and Psychology, v. 3, n. 3, 1993: 412-17.

Holmes, Mary, Chris Beasley, Heather Brook. “Guest Editorial, Heterosexuality.” Special issue. Australian Feminist Studies, v. 26, n. 67, (2011): 3-7.

Holt, Robert. Abstracts of the Standard Edition of the Complete Psychological Works of Sigmund Freud. NY: Jason Arons, 1976.

Honig, J. "Sigmund Freud's Views on the Sexual Disorders in Historical Perspective." British journal of Psychiatry 129 (1976): 193-200.

hooks, bell. Talking Back: Thinking Feminist, Thinking Black. Boston: South End Press, 1989.

Hornblow, Arthur. "Mr. Hornblow Goes to the Play." Theatre Magazine (April 1923). (See "heterosexual," 68.)

Houlbrook, Matt. Queer London: Perils and Pleasures in the Sexual Metropolis, 1918-1957. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 2005. (Subtle analyses of historical change in sexual discourses and the organization and construction of sexual activity between men. See especially xiii, 3-4, 7, 136-37, 140-41, 168-69, 195-98, 218, 264-71.)

Houpaert, Karen. (Review of “Heterosexuals in Crisis.”). Village Voice (April 16, 1989): 18-20.

Howard, John. Men Like That: A Southern Queer History. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1999. (See heterosexuality in the index.)

Hubbard, Phil. “Here, there, everywhere: the ubiquitous geographies of heteronormativity.” Geography Compass, v. 2, n. 3, 640-658.

Hubbard, Thomas K., ed. A Companion to Greek and Roman Sexualities. Wiley Blackwell, 2014.

Hughes, Charles H. "Erotopathia-Morbid Eroticism." Alienist and Neurologist 14:1 (Oct. 1893): 531-78, (See "heterosexual," 563.)

Hull, Gloria T., Patricia Bell Scott, and Barbara Smith, eds. All of the Women Are White, All the Blacks Are Men, But Some of Us Are Brave: Black Women's Studies. Old Westbury, NY: Feminist Press, 1982.

Hull, Isabel V. Sexuality, State and Civil Society in Germany: 1700-1815. Ithaca: Cornell University Press, 1996.

Hunt, Lynn. “Foucault’s Subject in The History of Sexuality.” In Donna C. Stanton, ed., Discourses of Sexuality: From Aristotle to AIDS. Ann Arbor: University of Michigan Press, 1995.

Hutter, J. “The Social Construction of Homosexuals in the Nineteenth Century: The Shift from the Sin to the Influence of Medicine on Criminalizing Sodomy in Germany.” Journal of Homosexuality, 24, ns. 3-4, 1993: 73-93.

Hyam, Ronald. Empire and Sexuality: The British Experience. Manchester: University of Manchester Press, 1990.

Hyde, H. Montgomery. The Other Love: An Historical and Contemporary Survey of Homosexuality in Britain. London: Heinemann, Mar 16, 1970. U.S. edition: The Love That Dared Not Speak Its Name. NY: Little, Brown, 1970.

Ingraham, Chrys, ed. Heterosexuality: A Reader. London: Routledge, 2008.

Ingraham, Chrys, ed. Thinking Straight: The Power, the Promise, and the Paradox of Homosexuality. NY: Routledge, October 1, 2004. (See especially “Introduction”: 1-11.)

Ingraham, Chrys. "Unnatural Acts: Regulating Heterosexuality." In Cirus Rinaldi, ed. Introduzione alle sociologie delle omosessualità. London: Sage, 2012.

Ingraham, Chrys. “The Heterosexual Imaginary: Feminist Sociology and Theories of Gender.” Sociological Theory 12, n. 2, July 1994: 203-19. In Seidman, ed., Queer Theory/Sociology, 1996: 168-93. Accessed 2016-1-4 from http://openscholar.purchase.edu/chrys_ingraham/files/the_heterosexual_imaginary_sociological_theory_1994.pdf

Ingraham, Chrys. White Weddings: Romancing Heterosexuality in Popular Culture. NY: Routledge, 1999.

Irvine, Janice. Disorders of Desire: Sex and Gender in Modern American Sexology. Philadephia: Temple University Press, 1990.

Irvine, Janice. "From Difference to Sameness: Gender Ideology in Sexual Science." Journal of Sex Research 27:1 (Feb. 1990): 7-24.

Isherwood, Christopher. Kathleen and Frank: The Autobiography of a Family. NY: Simon and Schuster, 1971.

Ivory, Yvonne. “The Urning and His Own: Individualism and the Fin-de-Siecle Invert.” German Studies Review 26, 2 (May2003): 333-352.

Jackson, Julian. Living in Arcadia: Homosexuality, Politics, and Morality in France from the Liberation to Aids. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 2009. (On the medical discourse on homosexuality in France see, especially: 21-36.)

Jackson, Margaret. "'Facts of Life' or the Eroticization of Women's Oppression? Sexology and the Social Construction of Heterosexuality." In Pat Caplan, ed. The Cultural Construction of Sexuality. London: Tavistock, 1987: 22-8l.

Jackson, Stevi, and Amanda Rees. “The Appalling Appeal of Nature: The Popular Influence of Evolutionary Psychology as a Sociological Problem,” Sociology, 41 (5) 2007 pp. 917-930. 

Jackson, Stevi, and Sue Scott, eds. Gender: A Reader. London: Routledge. 2002.

Jackson, Stevi, and Sue Scott. “Faking Like a Woman: Towards an interpretive theorization of sexual pleasure.” Body and Society, 13 (2) 2007 pp.95-116.

Jackson, Stevi, and Sue Scott. “Sexual Antinomies in Late Modernity.” Sexualities, 7 (2) 2004: 241-56.

Jackson, Stevi, and Sue Scott. Theorizing Sexuality. NY: McGraw-Hill, Open University Press, 2010. (See especially “Introduction: the case for the sociality of sexuality”: 1-4; and “Is heterosexuality still compulsory?”: 74-100.

Jackson, Stevi, Liu Jieyu and Woo Juhyun, eds. East Asian Sexualities: Modernity, Gender and New Sexual Cultures. London : Zed Books 2008.

Jackson, Stevi.  “Heterosexuality, Sexuality and Gender: Re-thinking the Intersections’ in Richardson, D., Casey, M. and McLaughlin, J., eds., Intersections between Feminist and Queer Theory. London: Palgrave 2006. pp 38-58

Jackson, Stevi. “Families, Domesticity and Intimacy: Changing Relationships in Changing Times,” in Richardson, D, and Robinson, V., eds., Introducing Women's Studies, Third edition. Basingstoke: Palgrave, 2008 pp. 125-143.

Jackson, Stevi. “Gender, Sexuality and Heterosexuality: The Complexity (and Limits) of Heteronormativity.” Feminist Theory, v. 7, n. 1, 2006: 105-121.

Jackson, Stevi. “Heterosexuality as a Problem for Feminist Theory.” In L. Adkins and V. Merchant, eds. Sexualizing the Social: Power and the Organization of Sexuality. Basingstoke: Macmillan, 1996: 14-24.

Jackson, Stevi. “Heterosexuality, Power, and Pleasure.” Feminism and Psychology v. 5, n. 1,1995: 131-35.

Jackson, Stevi. “Heterosexuality, Sexuality and Gender: Re-thinking the Intersections.” In Richardson, D., Casey, M. and McLaughlin, J., eds., Intersections between Feminist and Queer Theory. London: Palgrave 2006: 38-58

Jackson, Stevi. “Interchanges, Gender, Sexuality and Heterosexuality: the Complexity (and Limits) of Heteronormativity.” Feminist Theory, v. 7, n. 1, April 2006: 105-121.

Jackson, Stevi. “Materialist feminism, the pragmatist self and global late modernity: some consequences for intimacy and sexuality.” L. Gunnarsson, ed.  GEXcel Work in Progress Report Vol. III, Örebro University/Linköping University 2008: 53-89.

Jackson, Stevi. “Ordinary Sex.” Sexualities, 11, n. 1-2, February 2008: 33-37.

Jackson, Stevi. “Rethinking the Self: Constructions of Gender and Sexuality in Late Modernity.” In Kimmel M. (ed) The Sexual Self: The Construction of Sexual Scripts. Nashville TN: Vanderbilt University Press, 2007: 3-15

Jackson, Stevi. “Sexuality, Heterosexuality and Gender Hierarchy: Getting our Priorities Straight’, in Ingraham, C., ed., Thinking Straight: New Work in Critical Heterosexuality Studies. New York: Routledge: 15-39, 2005.

Jackson, Stevi. “Why a Materialist Feminism is Still Possible.” Women’s Studies International Forum, v. 24, n. 3/4, 2001:  283-93. Accessed 2016-1-19 from http://www.feministes-radicales.org/wp-content/uploads/2012/03/Stevi-Jackson-Why-a-Materialist-Feminism-is-still-possible-Copie.pdf

Jackson, Stevi. Heterosexuality in Question. Thousand Oaks,  CA: Sage Publications, 1999.

Jackson, Stevi. The Real Facts of Life: Feminism and the Politics of Sexuality c.1850-1940. London: Taylor and Francis, 1994.

Jagose, Annamarie. Inconsequence: Lesbian Representation and the Logic of Sexual Sequence. Ithaca, NYL Cornell University Press, 2002.

Jagose, Annamarie. Queer Theory: An Introduction. NY: New York University Press, 1996; Melbourne: Melbourne University Press, 1996. (In index see, especially: “heterosexualitiy, 3, 16-19, 40-42, 54, 55, 84, 91, 137, 133; as an institution, 53-54; compulsory, 49-50, 53-54.”

Jameson, Frederic. Postmodernism, or The Cultural Logic of Late Capitalism. London: Verso, 1991.

Jay, Karla, and Allen Young, eds. Out of the Closets: Voices of Gay Liberation. NY: Douglas Book Corp. 1972.

Jeffries, Shiela. Anticlimax: A Feminist Perspective on the Sexual Revolution. NY: New York University Press, 1990. (See "hetero-reality," "heterosexual desire," and "heterosexuality" in index.)

Jeffries, Shiela. The Spinster and Her Enemies: Feminism and Sexuality 1880-1930. London: Pandora, 1985. (See "heterosexuality" in index.) JOHNSTON, JILL. Lesbian Nation. NY: Simon and Schuster, 1973.

Jenkins, Keith, Sue Morgan, Alun Munslow, eds. Manifestos for History. London: Routledge, 2007.

Johnson, Carol. “Heteronormative Citizenship and the Politics of Passing.” Sexualities, 5 (3): 317-36.

Johnson, David K. The Lavender Scare: The Cold War Persecution of Gays and Lesbian in the Federal Government. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 2004. (In index see, especially: “heterosexuality.”

Johnson, E. Patrick, and Mae G. Henderson, eds. Black Queer Studies: A Critical Anthology. Durham, NC: Duke University Press Books, November 1, 2005. (See, especially, “Introduction”: 1-20; Roderick E. Ferguson, “Rac-ing Homonormativity: Citizenship, Sociology, and Gay Identity”: 52-67; and in index “Sociology, construction . . . .”)

Johnson, Katherine. Sexuality: A Psychosexual Manifesto. Malden, MA: Polity Press, 2015. (See especially on “psychology and historicism”: 1-4; “Heterosexual identity formation: one model fits all?”: 44-48; “Constructing Sexuality”: 52-84.)

Johnson, Paul. Love, Heterosexuality, and Society. London: Routledge, 2005.

Johnson, W. S. Living in Sin: The Victorian Sexual Revolution. Chicago: Nelson-Hall, 1979.

Jordan-Young, Rebecca M. Brain Storm: The Flaws in the Science of Sex Differences. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 2010.

Jordan, Mark D. The Invention of Sodomy in Christian Theology.  Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1996.

Kaler, Amy. [Review of Epprecht, Heterosexual Africa.] The American Historical Review (October 2015) 120 (4): 1581-1582. 

Kaplan, Cora. "Wild Nights: Pleasure/Sexuality/Feminism" (in section on "Feminism and Compulsory Heterosexuality: Adrienne Rich "). In Formations Editorial Collective, eds. Formations of Pleasure. Boston: Routledge, 1983: 15-25.

Kaplan, Pat, ed. The Cultural Construction of Sexuality. Tavistock Publicationations, 1987; reprint London: Routledge, 1989 and 1991. (See, especially, “Introduction;” Jeffrey Weeks, “Questions of Identity”: 31-51; Margaret Jackson, “‘Facts of life’ or the eroticization of women’s oppression? Sexology and the social construction of heterosexuality;” 52-81; and in Subject Index see “heterosexuality,” “scientific model of heterosexuality.”)

Karlen, Arno. Sexuality and Homosexuality: A New View. NY: Norton, 1971.

Kath Browne and Catherine Nash, eds. Queer Methods and Methodologies: Intersecting Queer Theories and Social Science Research. Ashgate, 2010. (See, especially, “Introduction.”)

Katz, Jonathan [Ned]. Gay American History: Lesbians and Gay Men in the U.S.A. NY: T. Y. Crowell, 1976.

Katz, Jonathan Ned. 'The Invention of Heterosexuality." Socialist Review, 20:l (January-March 1990): 7-34.

Katz, Jonathan Ned. "Coming Out Fighting," The Nation, July 2, 1973. (Reviews of Denis Altman, Homosexual Oppression and Karla Jay and Allen Young, eds., Out of the Closets: Voices of Gay Liberation.)

Katz, Jonathan Ned. "Homosexual History: Its Import and Implications." Keynote address, conference, "Constructing a History of Power and Sexuality," sponsored by New York University Graduate History Society and NYU Women's Center, March 31, 1978. Revised as "Why Gay History?" The Body Politic (Aug. 1979): 19-20. ?

Katz, Jonathan Ned. "Melville's Secret Sex Text," Village Voice Literary Supplement (April 1992): 10-12. (On Melville’s novel Redburn.)

Katz, Jonathan Ned. "Womanhood in America." The Body Politic (December 1977-January 1978): 19, 21.  (Review of Mary P. Ryan’s Womanhood in America; comments on Ryan’s specifying of heterosexuality.)

Katz, Jonathan Ned. “Constructing the Heterosexual, Homosexual, Bisexual System.” (A chronology of sources documenting the construction of the heterosexual/homosexual system as discourse and as institution. Accessed October 27, 2015 from http://outhistory.org/exhibits/show/heterohomobi

Katz, Jonathan Ned. “The First Gay Revolutionary,” The Advocate, April 25, 1989, Issue 523, 47+. (On Karl Heinrich Ulrichs.)

Katz, Jonathan Ned. “The Invention of Heterosexuality, 1892-1982.” In Supplement II, papers of the conference Among Men, Among Women, University of Amsterdam, 1983.

Katz, Jonathan Ned. “True Lust," Village Voice (Oct. 18, 1983): 50, 52-53. (Review of Snitow, and others,  Powers of Desire.

Katz, Jonathan Ned. Coming Out! A Documentary Play. NY: Arno Press, 1975. (Produced NYC, June 1972.)

Katz, Jonathan Ned. Gay American History: Lesbians and Gay Men in the U.S.A. NY: T. Y. Crowell, 1976; reprinted NY: New American Library, 1992.

Katz, Jonathan Ned. Gay/Lesbian Almanac: A New Documentary. NY: Harper and Row, 1983; reprinted NY: Carroll and Graf Publishers, 1994. (See especially: "Lesbian and Gay History: Theory and Practice"; "The Age of Sodomitical Sin"; "The Invention of the Homosexual," and “heterosexuality” in index.)

Katz, Jonathan Ned. Love Stories: Sex Between Men Before Homosexuality. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, December 14, 2001. (See especially, “Sex and Affection Between Man – Then and Now”: 330-44.)

Katz, Jonathan Ned. The Invention of Heterosexuality. NY: Dutton, 1995. (See especially chapter 8, “Toward a New Pleasure System: Looking Forward”: 167-192; and in index “heterosexuality: institution of: 121, 134, 145, 147, 160, 162, 165, 202 n. 16, 240 n. 100.)

Katz, Michael B. and Mark J. Stern. "Fertility, Class, and Industrial Capitalism: Erie County, New York, 1855-1915." American Quarterly 33 (Spring 1981): 63-70

Kaye, Harvey J. The Education of Desire: Marxists and the Writing of History. Foreword by Christopher Hill. Routledge, 1992. (Nothing about desire.)

Keleman, Stanley. In Defense of Heterosexuality. Berkeley: Center Press, 1982.

Kelleher, Paul. Making Love: Sentiment and Sexuality in Eighteenth-Century British Literature. Lanham, MD: Bucknell University Press/Rowman and Littlefield Publishing Group, 2015. (See especially “Introduction: Heterosexuality; or, A Problem in Modern Ethics,” 1-26, and “Afterword,” 197-202, and in index “heteronormativity,” “heterosexual desire,” and “sentimental heterosexuality.”)

Kelly, Joan. 'The Social Relations of the Sexes: Methodological Implications of Women's History." Signs 1:4 (Summer 1976): 809-23; reprinted in Kelly, Women, History, and Theory. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1984.

Kendrick, Neil M. "Sex and Married Victorians" New York Times Book Review (Jan. 8,1984): 1, 35.

Kendrick, Walter. The Secret Museum: Pornography in Modern Culture. NY: Viking/Penguin, 1987.

Kennedy, Elizabeth L. and Madeline D. Davis. Boots of Leather, Slippers of Gold: The History of a Lesbian Community. NY: Routledge, 1993. (See "Straight life" in index.)

Kennedy, Hubert C. "The Third Sex' Theory of Karl Heinrich Ulrichs." Journal of Homosexuality 6:1-1 (Fall/Winter 1980/81): 103-12.

Kennedy, Hubert C. Ulrichs: The Life and Works of Karl Heinrich Ulrichs, Pioneer of the Modern Gay Movement. Boston: Alyson, 1988.

Kennedy, Hubert. “’Before all Europe I protest.’” Body Politic, 1978, 42: 24-???

Kennedy, Hubert. “Gay Liberation 1864.” Body Politic, 1978, 41: 23-???

Kenney, David M. 'The Nineteenth-Century Heritage: The Family, Feminism, and Sex." In Birth Control in America: The Career of Margaret Sanger. New Haven: Yale University Press, 1970: 36-39.

Kessler, Suzanne J. “The Medical Construction of Gender: Case Management of Intersexed Infants." Signs 16 (1990): 3-26.

Kessler, Suzanne J., and Wendy McKenna. Gender: An Ethnomethodological Approach. NY: John Wiley, 1978; Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1985.

Kiernan, James G. “Responsibility in Sexual Perversion." Chicago Medical Recorder 3 (May 1892): 185-210.

King, Katie. 'The Situation of Lesbianism as Feminism's Magical Sign: Contests for Meaning and the U.S. Women's Movement, 1968-1972." Communications 9 (1986).

King, Thomas A. The Gendering of Men, 1600-1750. Volume I: The English Phallus. Madison, WI: University of Wisconsin Press, 2004. (See in index: “heteroeroticism, heteronormativity, and heterosexuality.”)

King, Thomas A. The Gendering of Men, 1600-1750. Volume II: Queer Articulations.  Madison, WI: University of Wisconsin Press, 2008. (See in index: “heteroeroticism, heteronormativity, and heterosexuality.”)

Kinsey, Alfred, and others, Sexual Behavior in the Human Female. Philadelphia: W. B. Saunders, 1953. (See "heterosexual" in index.)

Kinsey, Alfred, and others. Sexual Behavior in the Human Male. Philadelphia: W. B. Saunders, 1948. (See "heterosexual" in index.)

Kinsey, Alfred. "Concepts of Normality and Abnormality in Sexual Behavior." In P. Hoch and J. Zubin, eds., Psychosexual Development in Health and Disease. NY: Grune and Stratton, 1949.

Kinsman, Gary, and Patrizia Gentile. The Canadian War on Queers: National Security as Sexual Regulation. Vancouver, BC: UBC Press, 2010. (See especially on “heterosexual hegemony”: 5-6, 24, 29-31, 33, 48, 55, 57, 59, 60, 253-54, 338, 394-95, 407, 428.)

Kinsman, Gary. "'Homosexuality' Historically Reconsidered Challenges Heterosexual Hegemony." Journal of Historical Sociology 4:2. (June 1991): 89-111.

Kinsman, Gary. “’Inverts,’ ‘Psychopaths,’ and ‘Normal’ Men: Historical Sociological Perspectives on Gay and Heterosexual Masculinities.” In Tony Haddad, ed., Men and Masculinities: A Critical Anthology. Toronto: Canadian Scholastic Press, 1993: 3-35.

Kinsman, Gary. [Review of Greenberg, The Construction of Homosexuality.] The Canadian Journal of Sociology, v. 15, n. 1, Winter 1990, 112-15.

Kinsman, Gary. The Regulation of Desire: Sexuality in Canada, 1987; 2nd revised edition republished as The Regulation of Desire: Homo and Hetero Sexualities. Montreal: Black Rose Books, 1996. In 2nd edition see especially  “1. The Creation of Homosexuality as a ‘Social problem’”: 23-47; “2. The Historical Emergence of Homosexualities and Heterosexualites: Social Relations, Sexual Rule and Sexual Resistance”: 48-82; and “6. . . . “The Emergence of Homosexuality, Lesbianism, and Heterosexuality in Canada”: 107-47. Also see his use of the term “sexual regime” and his critique of Foucault for focusing on the history of sexual discourse not grounded in “lived historical experience”: 21 n. 7  This important analysis of sexual history is too little known.)

Kitzinger, Celia, Sue Wilkinson, eds. "Heterosexuality." (Special Issue) Feminism & Psychology 2:3 (October 1992).

Kitzinger, Celia. The Social Construction of Lesbianism. London: SAGE Publications, 1987. (In index see, especially, “heterosexual-homosexual continuum;” “heterosexuality;” “sexologists;” “social constructionist theory.”)

Kline, Wendy. Building a Better Race: Gender, Sexuality and Eugenics from the Turn of the Century to the Baby Boom. Berkeley: University of California Press, 2001.

Koedt, Anne, Anita Rapone, and Ellen Levine, eds. Notes from the Third Year: Women's Liberation. NY: Radical Feminists, 1971.

Koedt, Anne, Ellen Levine, and Anita Rapone, eds. Radical Feminism. NY: Quadrangle, 1973.

Koedt, Anne.  'The Myth of the Vaginal Orgasm" (June 1968). In Koedt, Levine, and Rapone, eds. (1973): 198-207.

Koedt, Anne. "Lesbianism and Feminism." In Koedt, Levine, and Rapone eds. (1973): 246-58.

Koedt, Anne. "Politics of the Ego: A Manifesto for N.Y Radical Feminists." In Koedt, Levine, and Rapone eds. (1973): 379-83.

Koehler, Lyle. A Search for Power: The "Weaker Sex" in Seventeenth-Century New England. Urbana: University of Illinois Press, 1990.

Kosofsky Sedgwick, Eve. Epistemology of the Closet. Berkeley: University of California Press, 1990. Updated with a New Preface: January 2008.

Krafft-Ebing, Richard von. Psychopathia Sexualis, with Especial Reference to Contrary Sexual Instinct: A Medico-Legal Study. Trans. by Gilbert Chaddock. Philadelphia: F. A. Davis, 1893. (1st. U.S. publication in English translation.  The U.S. Copyright Office received and registered this edition on February 16, 1893. Copyright Office to Katz, May 25, 1990. This American edition’s date of publication is confused because its copyright page says 1992, and its preface is dated November 1892, while its title page lists its date of publication as 1893.)

Krafft-Ebing, Richard von. Psychopathia Sexualis: eine Klinisch-Forensische Studie (Sexual Psychopathy: A Clinical-Forensic Study, 1st edition,  Stuttgart: Verlalg Von Ferdinand Enke, 1886;

Kuefler, Mathew, ed. The Boswell Thesis: Essays on Christianity, Social Tolerance, and Homosexuality. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 2006.

Kuhn, Annette, and AnnMarie Wolpe, eds. Feminism and Materialism: Women and Modes of Production. Routledge, November 9, 1978.

Kunzel, Regina. Criminal Intimacy: Prison and the Uneven History of Modern American Sexuality. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 2008. (See especially “heterosexual identity, as fragile, 8; as historically constructed, 8-9; as situational, 8”; and “heterosexuality, boundaries of, 80; as elusive, 9; homosexuality, as blurred, 92, 109; instability of, 108; as true, 109.”)

Kushner, Howard I. "Nineteenth Century Sexuality and the 'Sexual Revolution' of the Progressive Era." Canadian Review of American Studies 9 (1978): 34-49.

Laffey, Mark, and Kathryn Dean. “A Flexible Marxism for Flexible Times.” In Ruppert, Mark, and Hazel Smith, eds. Historical Materialism and Globalization: Essays on Continuity and Change. Routledge, October 25, 2002. (On the material/ideal, base/superstructure dichotomy in Marxist theory. See especially “Beyond the base-superstructure metaphor: or, the materialist dialectic”: 97-99. Accessed November 27, 2015 from https://books.google.com/books?id=16HSCE2ejYUC&pg=PA99&dq=material+and+ideal+in+historical+materialism&hl=en&sa=X&ved=0ahUKEwiGxuzIprHJAhUIVD4KHRxlCK0Q6AEIHDAA#v=onepage&q=material%20and%20ideal%20in%20historical%20materialism&f=false)

Lal, Prita. [Review of Epprecht, Heterosexual Africa.] Sexualities. October 2009, v. 12 issue 5: 670-72.

Lanser, Susan S. The Sexuality of History: Modernity and the Sappic, 1565-1830. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 2014. (In index see especially: “historicism: new; “queer;” “history, heteronormativity of,” “lesbian,” “and literary studies;” “and sexuality;” “and ‘straight’ temporality;” “history of sexuality;” and “homonormativity of early modernity.”

Lanzer, Susan. “The Political Economy of Same-Sex Desire.” In Joan E. Hartman and Adele Seeff, eds., Structures and Subjectivities: Attending to Early Modern Women (Newark: University of Delaware Press, 2007): 157-75.

Laporte, Rita. “The Causes and Curse of Heterosexuality,” The Ladder, September 1967, Vol. 11 Issue 11, p.2; reprinted as 'The Causes and Cures of Heterosexuality." In Barbara Grier and Coletta Reid, eds. The Lavender Herring: Lesbian and Gay Essays from The Ladder. Baltimore: Diana Press, 1976: 43-49.

Laqueur, Thomas. “Sexual Desire and the Market Economy During the Industrial Revolution.” In Stanton, ed. Discourses of Sexuality (1992): 185-215.

Laqueur, Thomas. Making Sex: Body and Gender from the Greeks to Freud. Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 1990. (See especially “1 Of Language and the Flesh,” “3 New Science, One Flesh,” “5 Discovery of the Sexes,” and “6 Sex Socialized.”)

Larmour, David, Paul Miller, Charles Platter, eds. Rethinking Sexuality: Foucault and Classical Antiquity. Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1998.

Lasch, Christopher. The Culture of Narcissism. NY: W. W. Norton, 1979.

Laumann, Edward O., John H. Gagnon, Robert T. Michael, Stuart Michaels, The Social Organization of Sexuality: Sexual Practices in the United States. Chicago, University of Chicago Press, 1994.

Lauritsen, John, and David Thorstad. The Early Homosexual Sexual Rights Movement (1864-1935). NY: Times Change Press, 1974.

Lefebrvre, H. The Survival of Capitalism: Reproduction of the Relations of Production. London: Alison and Busby, 1976.

Lefebvre, Henri. Sociology of Marx. Trans. By N. Guterman c. 1966, New York: Pantheon, 1968.

Lefebvre, Henri. The Production of Space. Blackwell, 1991.

Leonard, Vickie. "No Apologies from a Heterosexual." off our backs 4:9 (Oct. 1979): 13.

Leupp, Gary. Male Colors: The Construction of Homosexuality in Tokugawa Japan. Berkeley: University of California Press, 1997.

Levine, Judith. My Enemy, My Love: Man-Hating and Ambivalence in Women's Lives. NY: Doubleday, 1992.

Lewes, Kenneth. The Psychoanalytic Theory of Male Homosexuality. NY: Simon and Schuster, 1988.

Lewis, Brian, ed., British Queer History: New Approaches and Perspectives. Manchester: Manchester University Press, 2013. (See “heterosexuality” in the index and especially: Laura Don: “’A peculiarly obscure subject’” the missing ‘case’ of the heterosexual”: 87-108 – one of the major critical essays on heterosexual history.)

Lewis, Carolyn Francis. “Coitus Perfectus: The Medicalization of Heterosexuality in the Cold War United States.” Ph.D. dissertion. University of California at Santa Barbara, 2007.

Lewis, Carolyn Herbst. Prescriptions for Heterosexuality: Sexual Citizenship in the Cold War Era. Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press, 2010. (In index see especially: “H9eteronormativity:” “Heterosexuality: and gender performance,” “and national security;” anxiety about, and psychosexual health; healthy defined; objection to definition of heterosexual health.”)

Lewis, Jan. "Mother's Love: The Construction of an Emotion in Nineteenth-Century America." In Andrew Baines and Peter Stearns, eds., Social History and Issues in Human Consciousness. NY: New York University Press, 1989.

Lewis, Miriam, ed. In the Shadow of the Past: Psychology Portrays the Sexes, A Social and Intellectual History. NY: Columbia University Press, 1984.

Licata, Sal J. and R. P Petersen, eds. The Gay Past: A Collection of Historical Essays. Binghamton, NY: Harrington Park Press, 1985.

Lichtman, Ricahrd. The Production of Desire: The Integration of Psychoanalysis Into Marxist Theory. NY: The Free Press, 1982. (See esp. "5. Clinical Practice: The Case of Dora.")

Linkinen, Tom. Same-Sex Sexuality in Later Medieval English Culture. Amsterdam: Amsterdam University Press, 2014.

Littauer, Amanda H.  Bad Girls: Young Women, Sex, and Rebellion before the Sixties. University of North Carolina Press, September 2, 2015. 

Lochrie, Karma, Paggey McCracken, James A. Schultz, eds. Constructing Medieval Sexuality. Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press, 1997.

Lochrie, Karma. Heterosyncrasies: Female Sexuality When Normal Wasn’t. Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press, 2005. (In index see especially: “heteronormativity: vs. heterosexuality;” “heterosyncracies: defined”; “natural and unnatural”; “norm”; “normal”; “normal curve”; “normativity.”)

Lock, Andy, and Tom Strong. Social Construction: Sources and Stirrings in Theory and Practice. Cambridge University Press, 2010.

Lorde, Audre. Sister Outsider: Essays and Speeches. Freedom, CA: The Crossing Press, 1984. (See especially ''The Master's Tools Will Never Dismantle the Master's House," 1l0-14; "Scratching the Surface: Some Barriers to Women and Loving," 45-52; and "Uses of the Erotic: The Erotic as Power," 53-59.)

Loth, David. The Erotic in Literature: A Historical Survey of Pornography as Delightful as it is Indiscreet. London: Seeker & Warburg, 1962.

Lott, Eric. “Racial Cross-Dressing and the Construction of American Whiteness.” In S. During, ed., the Cultural Studies Reader (Durham, NC: Duke University Press, 1996): 241-55.

Lott, Tommy L. "Du Bois on the Invention of Race." The Philosophical Forum 24:1/3 (Fall/Spring 1992-1993): 166-87.

Love, Heather. Feeling Backward: Loss and the Politics of Queer History. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 2008. (Especially see: “Introduction,” “1 Emotional Rescue: The Demands of Queer History,” and “Epilogue: The Politics of Refusal.” In index see: “Historiography,” and “Queer.”)

Lowe, Lisa, and D. Lloyd. Introduction, The Politics of Culture in the Shadow of Capital. (Durham, NC: Duke University Press, 1997): 1-32.

Luibhéid, Eithne. Entry Denied: Controlling Sexuality at the Border. Minneapolis:  University of Minnesota Press, 2002.

Lundberg, Ferdinand, and Marynia F. Farnham. Modern Woman the Lost Sex. NY: Harper, 1947.

Lynch, Michael. "'Here Is Adhesiveness': From Friendship to Homosexuality." Victorian Studies 29:1 (Autumn 1985): 67-96.

Lynch, Michael. "New York Sodomy, 1796-1873." Paper presented at the New York Institute for the Humanities (Feb. 1, 1985).

Lynd, Robert S. and Helen Merrell Lynd, Middletown: A Study in Contemporary American Culture.  NY: Harcourt, Brace, 1929.

Lystra, Karen. Searching the Heart: Women, Men, and Romantic Love in Nineteenth Century America. NY: Oxford University Press, 1989.

Macdonald, Robert H. "The Frightful Consequences of Onanism: Notes on the History of a Delusion." Journal of the History of Ideas 28 (JulySept. 1967): 423-31.

Macey, David. The Lives of Michel Foucault: A Biography. NY: Pantheon, 1993.

Mackinnon, Catharine A. Feminism Unmodified: Discourses on Life and Law. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 1987.

Mackinnon, Catharine A. Towards a Feminist Theory of the State. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 1989. (See "heterosexuality" in index.)

Mackinnon, Catharine. "Marxism, Feminism, Method and the State: An Agenda for Theory." Signs 7, no. 3 (1982): 515-44.

Malagreca, Miguel Andres, and Miguel Malagreca. Queer Italy: Contexts, Antecedents and Representations. NY: Peter Lang, 2007.

Mangan, J. A. and James Walvin, eds. Manliness and Morality: Middle Class Masculinity in Britain and America, 1800-1940. NY: St. Martin's Press, 1987.

Marcus, Sharon. Between Women: Friendship, Desire, and Marriage in Victorian England. Princeton University Press, 2007. (See, especially, “heterosexuality” in index.)

Marcus, Steven. The Other Victorians: A Study of Sexuality and Pornography in Nineteenth-Century England. NY: Basic Books, 1966.

Marcuse, Herbert. Eros and Civilization: A Philosophical Inquiry into Freud.  NY: Vintage, 1955. Second edition 1966.

Marmor, Judd. "'Normal and Deviant' Sexual Behavior." Journal of the American Medical Association No. 217 (1971): 165-70.

Marshall, J. “Pansies, Perverts, and Macho Men: Changing Conceptions of Male Homosexuality.” In Plummer, ed., The Making of the Modern Homosexual (1981): 133-54.

Martin, Karin. "Gender and Sexuality: Medical Opinion on Homosexuality, 1900-1950." Gender and Society 7 (1993): 246-60.

Martin, Robert. The Homosexual Tradition in American Poetry. Austin: University of Texas Press, 1979.

Marx, Karl. A Contribution to the Critique of Political Economy. Edited and with an Introduction by Maurice Dobb. Translated by S. W. Ryazanskaya. NY: International Publishers, 1970.

Marx, Karl. Capital. Volume I. First published: in German in 1867; First English edition of 1887 (4th German edition changes included as indicated) with some modernization of spelling; Progress Publishers, Moscow, USSR; First Published: 1887; Translated: Samuel Moore and Edward Aveling, edited by Frederick Engels; Online Version: Marx/Engels Internet Archive (marxists.org) 1995, 1999. See especially: Section 1. The Labour-Process of The Production of Use-Values,” accessed November 1, 2015 from https://www.marxists.org/archive/marx/works/1867-c1/ch07.htm

Marx, Karl. Grundrisse. Written: 1857–61; Published: in German 1939–41; Grundrisse, Penguin Books in association with New Left Review, 1973; Translated by: Martin Nicolaus; Notes by: Ben Fowkes; “Production,” accessed October 29, 2015 from https://www.marxists.org/archive/marx/works/1857/grundrisse/ch01.htm

Marx, Karl. The Economic and Philosphic Manuscripts of 1844. Edited with an Introduction by Dirk J. Struik. Translated by Martin Miligan. NY: International Publishers, 1964.

Mason, Michael. The Making of Victorian Sexuality. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1994.

Mass, Lawrence. Homosexuality as Behavior and Identity: Dialogues of the Sexual Revolution. Binghamton, NY: Harrington Park Press, 1990. 2 vols.

Masters, William H. Virginia Johnson, and Robert C. Kolodny. Heterosexuality. NY: HarperCollins, 1994.

Masters, William H. Virginia Johnson, and Robert Kolodny. Crisis: Heterosexual Behavior in the Age of AIDS. NY: Grove Press, 1989.

Matthaei, Julie. “The Sexual Division of Labor, Sexuality, and Lesbian/Gay Liberation: Toward a Marxist-Feminist Analysis of Sexuality in U.S. Capitalism.” Review of Radical Political Economics, June 1995 vol. 27 no. 2 1-37.

Matthews, Fred H. "The Americanization of Sigmund Freud." Journal of American Studies 1 (1967): 39-62.

May, Elaine Tyler. Great Expectations: Marriage and Divorce in Post-Victorian America. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, December 1, 1980.

Maynard, Steven. “’Respect Your Elders Elders, Know Your Past': History and the Queer Theorists." Radical History Review 75 (1999): 56-78.

McCabe, Susan. “To Be and to Have: The Rise of Queer Historicism.” GLQ: A Journal of  Lesbian and Gay Studies, 11, n. 1, 2005: 119-34.

McCubbin, Robert P., ed. 'Tis Nature's Fault’: Unauthorized Sexuality During the Enlightenment. New York: Cambridge. University Press, 1987.

McGovern, James R. "The American Woman's Pre-World War I Freedom in Manners and Morals." Journal of American History 55 (Sept. 1968): 315-33.

McIntosh, Mary. “The Homosexual Role,” Social Problems, Vol. 16, No. 2, Fall, 1968: 182-92; reprinted in Stein, Forms of Desire (1990, 1992), 25-42; reprinted in Plummer, ed., The Making of the Modern Homosexual, with additional comments by McIntosh.)

McLaren, Angus. Sexuality and Social Order: The Debate Over the Fertility of Women and Workers in France, 1770-1920. NY: Holmes and Meier, 1983.

McLaren, Angus. Reproductive Rituals: The Perception of Fertility in England from the Sixteenth Century to the Nineteenth Century. London: Methuen, 1984.

McMurtry, John. The Structure of Marx’s World-View. Princeton University Press, 1978. (This sort of analysis of Marx’s world-view by a philosopher is formulaic, and formalistic. Compare to the comments on Marx’s ideas by E. P. Thompson, a working historian.)

McWhirter, David P., Stephanie A. Sanders, June Machover Reinisch, eds. Homosexuality/Heterosexuality: Concepts of Sexual Orientation. NY: Oxford University Press, 1990.

McWhorter, Ladelle. Bodies and Pleasures: Foucault and the Politics of Sexual Normalization. Bloomington: Indiana University Press, 1999.

Meah, Angela, Jenny Hockey, and Victoria Robinson. “What’s Sex Got to Do with It? A Family-Based Investigation of Growing Up Heterosexual During the Twentieth Century.” Sociological Review 56, n. 3, 2008: 453-73

Megill, Allan. “The Reception of Foucault by Historians,” Journal of the History of Ideas,  48, 1987:

Meiu, George Paul. [Review of Epprecht, Heterosexual Africa.]  International Journal of African Historical Studies. June 1, 2009, v, 42, Issue 2: 325-326.

Meyerowitz, Joanne J. “A History of ‘Gender’.” American Historical Review, 113, 2008:

Meyerowitz, Joanne J. “Transnational Sex and U.S. History.” American Historical Reivew 114, n. 5, 2009:

Meyerowitz, Joanne J. How Sex Changed: A History of Transsexuality in the United States. Harvard University Press, October 1, 2002.

Meyerowitz, Joanne J. Women Adrift: Independent Wage Earners in Chicago, 1880-1930. Chicago: Chicago University Press, 1988.

Meyerowitz, Joanne. “’How Common Culture Shapes the Separate Lives’: Sexuality, Race, and Mid-Twentieth-Century Social Constructionist Thought.” The Journal of American History, v. 96, n. 4, March 2010: 1057-84.

Miller, James. The Passion of Michel Foucault. NY: Simon and Schuster, 1993.

Millett, Kate. Sexual Politics. NY: Avon, 1969; Garden City, NY: Doubleday, 1970.

Mills, C. Wright. The Sociological Imagination. Oxford University Press, December 31, 1959.

Mises, Ludwig von. Human Action: A Treatise on Economics. (First published in 1949;  republished in a “Scholar’s Edition” by the Ludwig von Mises Institute, Aburn, AL, 2008).

Mises, Ludwig von. Theory and History: An Interpretation of Social and Economic Evolution (New Haven: Yale University Press, 1957; reprinted Auburn, AL: Ludwig von Mises Institute, 2007. Whole book accessed July 28, 2014 at: http://mises.org/Books/theoryhistory.pdf).

Mitchell, Juliet. Psychoanalysis and Feminism. NY: Pantheon, 1974.

Mitchell, Juliet. Woman's Estate. NY: Pantheon, 1972.

Mohr, Richard. "The Thing Of It Is: Some Problems with the Models for the Social Construction of Homosexuality." In Mohr, Gay Ideas, Boston, 1992, chap 7.

Money, John. Gay, Straight, and In-Between: The Sexology of Erotic Orientation. NY: Oxford University Press, 1988.

Moraga, Cherie, and Gloria Anzaldua, eds. This Bridge Called My Back: Writings by Radical Women of Color, Watertown, MA: Persephone Press, 1981.

Morantz, Regina. "The Scientist as Sex Crusader: Alfred Kinsey and American Culture." American Quarterly 29 (Winter 1977): 519-46.

Morera, Esteve. Gramsci's Historicism: A Realist Interpretation. Routledge, 1990.

Morgan, Robin, ed. Going Too Far, NY: Random House, 1978.

Morgan, Robin, ed. Sisterhood Is Powerful: An Anthology of Writings from the Women's Liberation Movement. NY: Vintage, 1970. (See especially Susan Lydon, 'The Politics of Women's Orgasm"; Mary Jane Sherfey, "A Theory of Female Sexuality"; Naomi Weisstein, "'Kinder, Kuche, Kirche' as Scientific Law: Psychology Constructs the Female.")

Mort, Frank. Dangerous Sexualities: Medico-Moral Politics in England Since 1830. London: Routledge, 1987. (See "heterosexuality" in index.)

Morton, Donald E., ed. The Material Queer: A LesbBiGay Cultural Studies Reader. Boulder CO: Westview, 1996.  (See especially Monique Witig, “The Straight Mind” [first read at the Modern Language Association Convention, 1978, published 1980], 207-12.)

Mosher, Clelia D. The Mosher Survey: Sexual Attitudes of 45 Victorian Women. Eds. James Mattood and Kristine Wenburg. NY: Arno Press, 1980.

Mosse, George L. "Nationalism and Respectability: Normal and Abnormal Sexuality in the Nineteenth Century." Journal of Contemporary History 17 (1982).

Mosse, George L. Nationalism and Sexuality: Middle-Class Morality and Sexual Norms in Modern Europe. Madison: University of Wisconsin Press, 1985.

Mosse, George L. Nationalism and Sexuality: Respectability and Abnormal Sexuality in Modern Europe. NY: Howard Fertig, 1985.

Msosa, Alan. [Review of Nyeck and Epprecht, Sexual Diversity in Africa.] Sexualities. February 2015, v. 18, issue ½: 117-119.

Murphy, Kevin P. and Jennifer M. Spear, eds. Historicising Gender and Sexuality. Malden, MA : Wiley-Blackwell, 2011.

Murphy, Timothy.  "Freud and Sexual Reorientation Therapy." Journal of Homosexuality 23:3 (1992): 21-38.

Murphy, Timothy. "Freud Reconsidered: Bisexuality, Homosexuality, and Moral Judgment." Journal of Homosexuality 9:2/3 (1984), 65-77.

Murray, Robert K. The Politics of Normalcy: Governmental Theory and Practice in the Harding-Coolidge Era. NY: W. W. Norton, 1973.

Murray, Stephen. Social Theory, Homosexual Realities. NY: Gai Saber, 1984.

Myers, Polly, Reed. Capitalist Family Values: Gender, Work, and Corporate Culture at Boing. University of Nebraska Press, 2015. (In index, see especially “heteronormativity.”)

Myron, Nancy, and Charlotte Bunch, eds. Lesbianism and the Women's Movement. Baltimore: Diana Press, 1975.

Namaste, Ki “The Politics of Inside/Out: Queer Theory, Post-Structuralism, and a Sociological Approach to Sexuality.” In Seidman, ed. Queer Theory/Sociology:

Nealon, Christopher. Foundlings: Lesbian and Gay Historical Emotion Before Stonewall. Durham, NC: Duke University Press, 2001.

Neimark, Marilyn, and Tony Tinker. “The social construction of management control systems.” Accounting, Organizations and Society, v. 11, issues 4-5: 369–395.

Nestle, Joan. A Restricted Country. Ithaca, NY: Firebrand Books, 1987.

Nestle, Joan., ed. The Persistent Desire: A Femme-Butch Reader. Boston: Alyson, 1992.

Neuman, R. P. "Masturbation, Madness, and the Modern Concepts of Childhood and Adolescence." Journal of Social History 8 (Spring 1975): 1-27.

New York Radical Women. Notes from the First Year: Women's Liberation. NY: New York Radical Women, June 1968. (See also Firestone, ed., Notes from the Second Year; and Koedt, ed., Notes from the Third Year:)

Newton, Esther. "The Mythic Mannish Lesbian: Radclyffe Hall and the New Woman." Signs 9:4 (Summer 1984): 557-75.

Newton, Esther. Cherry Grove, Fire Island: Sixty Years in America's First Gay and Lesbian Town. Boston: Beacon Press, 1993.

Newton, Esther. Margaret Mead Made Me Gay: Personal Essays, Public Ideas. Duke University Press, 2000. (In index see, especially, “heterosexuality” and “social construction.”)

Newton, Esther. Mother Camp: Female Impersonators in America. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1979.

Nickels, Thom. [Review of Epprecht, Heterosexual Africa.] Gay & Lesbian Review Worldwide. May/June 2009, Vol. 16 Issue 3, p42-43.

Niekerk, Anja Van Kooten, and Theo Van Der Meer, eds. Homosexuality, 'Which Homosexuality? London: GMP, 1989.

Nietsche:, Friedrich. On the Use and Abuse of History for Life. First published 1874, first translated into English 1909. Accessed February 1, 2016 from: https://en.wikisource.org/wiki/On_the_Use_and_Abuse_of_History_for_Life

Norris, Christopher. Reclaiming the Truth: Contribution to a Critique of Cultural Relativism. London: Lawrence and Wishart, 1996.

Norton, Norton. The Myth of the Modern Homosexual: Queer History and the Search for Cultural Unity. London and Washington: Cassell, 1997. (One of the few works to defend “the homosexual” and “homosexuality” as an ahistorical phenomenon. See his “A Critique of Social Constructionism and Postmodern Queer Theory,” accessed January 22, 2016 from http://rictornorton.co.uk/social03.htm) 

Norton, Rictor, and Louie Crew, eds “The Homophobic Imagination.” College English 36 3: 247-??

Norton, Rictor. Bibliography of Gay and Lesbian History. Compiled by Rictor Updated 22 May 205. Accessed February 1, 2016 from: http://rictornorton.co.uk/bibliog/

Nowell-Smith, P. H. (1977). “The Constructionst Theory of History.” History and Theory. Studies in the Philosophy of History, 16, 4, pp. 1-28.

Nye, R. “Sex and Sexuality in France Since 1800.” In Eder, Hall and Hekman, eds. (1999): 91-113.

Nye, R. “Sex Difference and Male Homosexuality in French Medical Discourse, 1830-1930.” Bulletin of the History of Medicine, 63, 1, 1989: 32-51.

Nyeck, S. N., and Marc Epprecht. Sexual Diversity in Africa: Politics, Theory, and Citizenship. Montreal and Kingston, Canada: McGill-Queens University Press, October 13, 2013. See reviews listed in the present bibliography by Arnfred; Msosa; Walker-Said.

Nyong’o, Tavia. The Amalgamation Waltz: Race, Performance, and the Ruses of Memory. Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press, 2009.

Oaks, Robert. “’Things Fearful to Name.’” Journal of Social History. 1978, v. 12 n. 2: 268-?

Oosterhuis, Harry. Step-Children of Nature: Krafft-Ebing, Psychiatry, and the Making of Sexual Identity. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 2003. (See “heterosexuality” in index, especially 22, 44, 50,  57,  66-67, 69, 71, 269.)

Oram, Alison. [Review of Altman, Dennis, and others, eds. Homosexuality, Which Homosexuality (1989)]. Feminist Review, 1990, v. 35, 121-22. Accessed December 23, 2015 from http://www.palgrave-journals.com/fr/journal/v35/n1/full/fr199037a.html

Ordover, Nancy. American Eugenics:  Race, Queer Anatomy, and the Science of Nationalism. Minneapolis: University of Minneapolis Press, 2003. (In index see, especially, “Heterosexual-as-norm/homosexual-as-disease paradigm”: 111-112; and “ Heterosexuality”: 70, 115, 213, 207.)

Ortner, Sherry B. and Harriet Whitehead, eds.  Sexual Meanings: The Cultural Construction of Gender and Sexuality. NY: Oxford University Press, 1981.

Ortner, Sherry B. Making Gender: The Politics and Erotics of Culture. Boston: Beacon Press, 1996.

Oxford English Dictionary Supplement. Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1933. (See "heterosexual," 460).

Oxford English Dictionary Supplement. Vol. II, H-N. Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1976. (See "heterosexual," 85.)

Padgug, Robert. "Sexual matters: On Conceptualizing Sexuality in History." Radical History Review 20, Spring/Summer 1979: 3-23, revised in Duberman, et al., eds. Hidden from History: 54-64; in Peiss, et al.: 14-31; in Stein, ed. Forms of Desire (1990, 1992), 43-67.

Palmer, Bryan D. Descent Into Discourse: The Reification of Language and the Writing of Social History. Philadelphia: Temple University Press, 1990. (See especially what he says about sexual and gender history: 161-86.)

Paris, Jenell Williams. The End of Sexual Identity: Why Sex Is Too Important to Define Who We Are. Westmont, IL: InterVaristy Press, February 2011. (See excerpts from reviews posted on Amazon. Accessed 2015-1-1 from: http://www.amazon.com/The-End-Sexual-Identity-Important/dp/0830838368)

Parker, R. G. and J. H. Gagnon, eds. Conceiving Sexuality: Approaches to Sex Research in  Postmodern World. NY: Routledge, 1995.

Parsons, Gail Pat. "Equal Treatment for All: American Medical Remedies for Male Sexual Problems: 1850-1900." Journal of the History of Medicine 32 (Jan. 1977): 55-71.

Parsons, Talcott, and Neil J. Smelser. Economy and Society. Routledge & Kegan Paul, 1956.

Parsons, Talcott, Robert F. Bales & Edward A. Shils, eds., Working Papers in The Theory of Action. The Free Press, 1953.

Parsons, Talcott, The Structure of Social Action, A Study in Social Theory with Special Reference to a Group of Recent European Writers.Volume I: Marshall, Pareto, Durkheim. Volume II: Weber (NY: McGraw-Hill, 1937).

Parsons, Talcott. Essays in Sociological Theory. NY: Free Press, 1954.

Parsons, Talcott. Social Systems and the Evolution of Action Theory (The Free Press, 1977).

Parsons, Talcott. The Social System. The Free Press, 1951.

Pascoe, Peggy. “Miscegenation Law, Court Cases, and Ideologies of ‘Race.’” Journal of American History 81, 1, 1996: 44-69.

Patton, Cindy. "Tremble, Hetero Swine." In Warner, ed.: 143-77.

Pearce, Frank, and Andrew Roberts. “The Social Regulation of Sexual Behavior and the Development of Industrial Capitalism in Britain.” In Roy Bailey and Jock Young, eds. Contemporary Social Problems in Britain (Westmead, Saxon House, 1973): 51-72.

Peiss, Kathy, and Christina Simmons, with Robert A Padgug, eds. Passion and Power: Sexuality in History. Philadelphia: Temple University Press, 1989. (See especially Peiss and Simmons, Ch. 1, "Passion and Power: An Introduction.")

Peiss, Kathy. “'Charity Girls' and City Pleasures: Historical Notes on Working Class Sexuality, 1880-1920." In Snitow, and others, eds., Powers of Desire: 74-87; in Peiss and Simmons: 57-69.

Peiss, Kathy. Cheap Amusements: Working Women and Leisure in Turn-of theCentury New York. Philadelphia: Temple University Press, 1986.

Penn, Donna. “Queer: Theorizing Politics and History.” Radical History Review, 62, 1995: 24-42.

Perry, Lewis. "'Progress, Not Pleasure, Is Our Aim': The Sexual Advice of an Antebellum Radical." Journal of Social History 12 (Spring 1979): 354-66.

Pflugfelder, Gregory M. Cartographies of Desire: Male-Male Sexuality in Japanese Discourse. University of California Press, March 19, 2007.

Phelan, Shane. Sexual Strangers: Gays, Lesbians, and Dilemmas of Citizenship. Philadelphia: Temple University Press, 2001.

Philipson, Ilene. "Heterosexual Antagonisms and the Politics of Mothering." Socialist Review 12:6, No. 66 (Nov.-Dec. 1982): 55-77.

Philipson, Ilene. "The Social Construction of Sexuality" (review of Weeks, Sex, Politics and Society), Socialist Review 13:6, No. 72 (Nov.-Dec. 1983): 133-37.

Phillips, Kim M. and Barry Reay, eds. Sexualities in History: A Reader. Routledge/Taylor & Francis Group, 2002. (See, especially, “Introduction”; Jeffrey Weeks, “Sexuality and History Revisited,” 27-41; David M. Halperin, “Forgetting Foucault: Acts, Identities, and the History of Sexuality,” 42-70; James A. Schults, “Bodies That Don’t Matter: Heterosexuality before Heterosexuality in Gottfried’s Tristan,” 71-89; Anna Clark, “Anne Lister’s Construction of Lesbian Identity,” 247-70; Ricchard von Krafft-Ebing’s ‘Step-Children of Nature: Psychiatry and the Making of Homosexual Identity,” 271-92; George Chauncey, “Trade, Wolves, and the Boundaries of Normal Manhood,” 293-326; Steven Seidman, “AIDS and the Discursive Construction of Homosexuality,” 375-85, and “heterosexuality” in index.)

Phillips, Kim M. and Barry Reay. Sex Before Sexuality: A Premodern History. Malden, MA: Polity Press, 2011. (See, especially, “Introduction: Sex Before Sexuality”: 1-16; “Before Heterosexuality”: 40-59; and “heteronormativity” and “heterosexuality” in index.)

Pierceson, Jason. Sexual Minorities and Politics: An Introduction. Lanham, MD: Rowman & Littlefield, 2016.

Pivar, David J. Purity Crusade: Sexual Morality and Social Control, 1868-1900. Westport: CT: Greenwood Press, 1973.

Pleck, Elizabeth H., and Joseph H. Pleck, eds. The American Man. Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Prentice-Hall, 1980.

Plummer, Kenneth, ed. The Making of the Modern Homosexual. Totowa, NJ: Barnes and Noble, 1981. (See "heterosexuality" in index.)

Plummer, Kenneth.  Telling Sexual Stories: Power, Change and Social Worlds. London: Routledge, 1995.

Plummer, Kenneth. Sexual Stigma: An Interactionist Account. London: Routledge & Kegan Paul, 1975. (See, especially, “1 Introduction: the problem of sexuality in sociology,” and “2 Deviance, sexuality and the interactionist perspective;” “Conclusion,” and “Notes” to above sections.)

Ponse, Barbara. Identities in the Lesbian World: The Social Construction of Self. Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1978. .

Popper, Karl. The Poverty of Historicism. Routledge 1957. 

Porter, Roy, and M. Teich, eds. Sexual Knowledge, Sexual Science: The History of Attitudes to Sexuality. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1994.

Porter, Roy, and Lesley Hall. The Facts of Life: The Creation of Sexual Knowledge in Britain, 1650-1950. New Haven: Yale University Press, 1995.

Porter, Roy. 1985. “The Patient's View. Doing Medical History from Below.” Theory and Society 14: 175-98.

Porter, Roy. 1987. "The Secrets of Generation Display'd:" Aristotle's Master-piece in Eighteenth-Century England.” In Maccubbin, ed. Unauthorized Sexuality (1987): 1-21.

Posner, Richard A. Sex and Reason. Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 1992. (See Ch. 1, "Theoretical Sexology" and "heterosexuality" in the index. He rejects the idea that "heterosexuality is itself a male invention and imposition," calling this view, "the reductio ad absurdum of social constructionism": 33, 29.)

Prosser, J. 1998. “Transsexuals and the Transsexologists: Inversion and the Emergence of Transsexual Subjectivity.” In Bland and Doan, eds. Sexology in Culture (1998): 116-31

Pugh, David G. Sons of Liberty: The Masculine Mind in Nineteenth-Century America. Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1983.

Purple September Staff. 'The Normative Status of Heterosexuality." In Myron and Bunch, eds. (1975): 79-83.

Radicalesbians. “The Woman-Identified Woman." In Koedt, Levine, and Rapone, eds. (1973): 240-45.

Raffalovich, Marc-André. "Uranism, Congenital Sexual Inversion. Observations and Recommendations." Journal of Comparative Neurology 5 (March 1889): 33-65.

Raffel, Burton. Politicians, Poets and Con Men: Emotional History in Late Victorian America. Hamden, CT: Archon, 1986.

Rahman, Momin, and Jackson, Steven. Gender and Sexuality. Polity, December 6, 2010.

Ramas, Maria. "Freud's Dora, Dora's Hysteria: The Negation of a Woman's Rebellion." Feminist Studies 6:3 (Fall 1980): 472-510. Reprinted abridged in Bernheimer.

Ramussen, Birgit, Eric Klineberg, Irene Nexica, and Matt Wray, eds. The Making and Unmaking of Whiteness. Durham, NC: Duke University Press, 2001.

Rand, Erin J. Reclaiming Queer: Activist and Academic Rhetorics of Resistance. Tuscalooda: University of Alabama Press, 2014. (See especially: “1 Staking a Claim on the Queer Frontier,” 30-64; and in index “hetero-economy of desire”.)

Rapp, Rayna, and Ellen Ross. "The Twenties Backlash: Compulsory Heterosexuality, the Consumer Family, and the Waning of Feminism." In Swerdlow: 92-107

Reade, Brian. Sexual Heretics Male Homosexuality in English Literature. 

NY: Coward-McCann, 1970.

Redstockings, ed. Feminist Revolution. New Paltz, NY: Redstockings, 1975. Revised ed., NY: Random House, 1978.

Reich, Wilhelm. Sex-Pol: Essays 1919-1934. Ed. by Lee Baxandall. Trans. Anna Bostock, Tom DuBose, Lee Baxandall. NY: Vintage Books/ Random House, 1972.

Reich, Wilhelm. The Sexual Revolution: Toward a Self-Governing Character Structure. Rev. ed. trans. by Theodore P. Wolfe. NY: Farrar Straus and Giroux, 1969.

Reid, Coletta. "Coming Out in the Women's Movement." In Myron and Bunch (1975): 91-103.

Reiss Jr., Albert  J. “The Social Organization of Queers and Peers.” Social Problems , v. 9, n. 2,  1961, Autumn: 102-20.  (Refers to “the social organization of sexual activity in a complex social system,” the “social organization” of  sexual relations between “young male” hustlers and “adult male fellators,” the “social organization” of sexual activity in prisons, and “the social organization of female prostitution.” This is one of the earliest known references to the “social organization of sexual activity.” See also Weinberg, Martin S., and Colin J. Williams. [December 1975].)

Reiss, Ira L, and others. A Guide for Researching Heterosexual Relationships. Technical Report 4. Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Family Study Center, 1980.

Retter, Yolanda, Anne-Marie Bouthillette, Gordon Brent Ingram, eds. Queers in Space: Communities, Public Places, Sites of Resistance. Seattle: Bay Press 1997.

Rey, Michel. "Parisian Homosexuals Create a Lifestyle, 1700-1750: The Police Archives." In Maccubin, R. B., ed., Unauthorized Sexuality During the Enlightenment (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press,): 179-91. In Mccubbin, ed. 'Tis Nature's Fault ‘ (1987): 179-91.

Rich, Adrienne.  “Reflections on “Compulsory Heterosexuality.” Journal of Women’s History, 16 (1): 9-11

Rich, Adrienne.  Of Woman Born: Motherhood as Experience and Institution. NY: W. W. Norton, Oct. 1976. (See "heterosexuality, institutionalized," in index.)

Rich, Adrienne. "Comulsory Heterosexuality and Lesbian Existence." Signs: Joournal of Women inCulture and Society, v. 5, n. 4: 631–660. (See also the revised version of Rich’s essay in Blood, Bread and Poetry: Selected Prose, 1979-1985. Virago, 1986, and Rich’s "Reflections on 'Compulsory Heterosexuality,' Journal of Women's History,  v. 16, n.1: 9–11.

Rich, Adrienne. “Compulsory Heterosexuality and Lesbian Existence,” Signs: Journal of Women in Culture and Society v. 5, n. 4 (Summer 1980): 631-60. Reprinted in Rich, Blood (1986); Snitow, et al.: 177-205.

Rich, Adrienne. Blood, Bread and Poetry. NY: Norton, 1986. (Includes reprint of "Compulsory Heterosexuality and Lesbian Existence," Rich's correspondence with Snitow, Stansell, and Thompson in 1981, and a "Foreword" by Rich first published in 1982: 23-75.)

Richardson, Diane. "The Dilemma of Essentiality in Homosexual Theory." Journal of Homosexuality v. 9, n. 2/3, Winter 1983-Spring 1984: 79-90.

Richardson, Diane. Rethinking Sexuality. London: Sage, 2000.

Richardson, Diane. Theorizing Heterosexuality: Telling It Straight. Buckingham, UK: Open University Press,  April 1, 1996.

Richardson, Mattie Udora. “No More Secrets, No More Lies: African American History and Compulsory Heterosexuality,” Journal of Women's History, v. 15, n.3, Autumn 2003, 63-76.

Richlin, Amy. “Foucault’s History of Sexaulity: A Useful Theory for Women?” In Larmour and others, eds. Rethinking Sexuality, 1998: 138-70.

Richlin, Amy. “Not Before Homosexuality: The Material Reality of the Cenaedus and the Roman Law Against Love Between Men.” Journal of the History of Sexuality, v. 3, n. 4, 1993: 528-71.

Rieff, Philip. Freud: The Mind of the Moralist. 3rd ed. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1979.

Riegel, Robert E. "Changing American Attitudes Toward Prostitution." Journal of the History of Ideas 29 (july-Sept. 1968): 437-52.

Rifkin, Mark. When Did Indians Become Straight? Kinship, the History of Sexuality, and Native Sovereignty.  NY: Oxford University Press. (See, especially, “Introduction,” 3-44; and, in index, “heterogender,” “heteronormativity,” “heteropatriarchy,” “heterosexuality,” “heterosexuality, compulsory.”

Riley, Denise. "Am I That Name?" Feminism and the Category of "Women" in History. Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press, 1988. (See especially "Does Sex Have a History?")

Robb, Graham. Strangers: Homosexual Love in the Nineteenth Century. London: 2003. NY: W. W. Norton, 2005.

Robertson, E. Arnot. Ordinary Families. London: Jonathan Cape, 1933. Reprinted London: Virago Press, 1982. (See "'hetero,' " 272.)

Robinson, P. 1976. The Modernization of Sex: Havelock Ellis, Alfred Kinsey, William  Masters and Virginia Johnson. New York: Harper & Row.

Robotham, Sheila, and Jeffrey Weeks. Socialism and the New Life. London: Pluto, 1977.

Roediger, David. The Wages of Whiteness: Race and the Making of the American Working Class. NY Verso, 1991.

Roediger, David. Toward the Abolition of Whiteness: Essays on Race, Politics, and Working Class History. NY: Verso, 1994.

Roper, Michael, and John Tosh, eds. Manful Assertions: Masculinities in Britain Since 1800. NY: Routledge, 1991.

Rosario, V. A. The Erotic Imagination: French Histories of Perversity. New York: Oxford University Press, 1997.

Rosario, Vernon A. “Trans(Homo) Sexuality: Double Inversion, Psychiatric Confusion, and Hetero-Hegemony.” In Beemyn and Eliason, eds. Queer Studies (1996): 35-51.

Rosario, Vernon A., ed. Science and Homosexualities. New York: Routledge, 1997.

Roscoe, Will. "Making History: the Challenge of Gay and Lesbian Scholarship", Journal of Homosexuality, 15 (1988), pp. 1-40.

Rosenberg, Charles E.  "Sexuality, Class and Role in 19th-Century America." American Quarterly 25:2 (May 1973): 131-53.

Rosenberg, Charles E. No Other Gods: On Science and American Social Thought. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press, 1976.

Rosenberg, Rosalind. Beyond Separate Spheres: Intellectual Roots of Modern Feminism. New Haven: Yale University Press, 1982. (See especially Ch. 7, 'The Reluctant Revolutionaries," on sexuality 178-206 [particularly 204-06]; and Ch. 8, "Beyond Separate Spheres": 207-37).

Roseneil, S. (2002) ‘The Heterosexual/Homosexual Binary: Past, Present and Future’, in D. Richardson and S. Seidman (eds) Handbook of Lesbian and Gay Studies, 27–44. London: Sage.

Ross, Charlotte. “Italian Medical and Literary Discourses around Female Same-Sex Desire, 1877-1906.” In Valeria P. Babini, ‎Chiara Beccalossi, ‎Lucy Riall, eds. Italian Sexualities Uncovered, 1789-1914. Palgrave/Macmillan, 2015: 228-48.

Ross, Ellen, and Rayna Rapp. “Sex and Society: A Research Note from Social History and Anthropology," Comparative Studies in Society and History, v. 23, (1981), 51-72. In Snitow, and others, eds., Powers of Desire: 51-73.

Roth, Michael. "Foucault's History of the Present," History and Theory 20 (1981). 32-46. 

Roth, Michael. “Review essay on Michel Foucault.” History and Theory 27, 1988, 70-80.

Rothman, Ellen K.  Hands and Hearts: A History of Courtship in America. NY: Basic Books, 1984.

Rothman, Ellen K. "Sex and Self-Control: Middle-Class Courtship in America, 1790-1870." In Michael Gordon, ed., The American Family in Social Historical Perspective. NY: St. Martin's Press, 1983.

Rothman, Sheila. Woman's Proper Place: A History of Changing Ideals and Practices, 1870 to the Present. NY: Basic Books, 1978.

Rotundo, Anthony E. American Manhood: Transformations in Masculinity from the Revolution to the Modern Era. NY: Basic Books, 1993.

Rousseau, G. 1987. “The Pursuit of Homosexuality in the Eighteenth Century—Utterly Confused Category" and/or Rich Repository? In McCubbin, ed. 'Tis Nature's Fault’ (1987): 112-68. .

Rousseau, G. S. "The Pursuit of Homosexuality in the Eighteenth Century: 'Utterly Confused Category' or Rich Repository." Eighteenth Century Life 10 (1985-86): 132-68.

Rowbotham, Shiela. Edward Carpenter: A Life of Liberty and Love. London: Verso, 2008.

Ruberg, Willemijn. “Adultery and the Double Standard in a Dutch city in the Eighteenth and Nineteenth Centuries.” Cultural and Social History: The Journal of the Social History Society. Published online: 13 Jan 2016.

Rubin Gayle. “Thinking Sex: Notes for a Radical Theory of the Politics of Sexuality." In Vance, ed., Pleasure and Danger, 1984: 267-319.

Rubin, Gayle S. Deviations: A Gayle Rubin Reader. Durham, NC: Duke University Press, 2011. (See, especially: “Introduction,” 1-32, “1 The Traffic in Women: Notes on the ‘Political Economy’ of Sex,” 33-65; “5 Thinking Sex: Notes or a Radical Theory of the Politics of Sexuality,” 137-81; “6 Afterword to “Thinking Sex Notes for a Radical Theory of the Politics of Sexuality,” 182-189; “7 Postscript to “Thinking Notes for a Radical Theory of the Politics of Sexuality,” 190-193; “8 Blood under the Bride: Reflections on ‘Thinking Sex’,” 194-223; “14 Geologist of Queer Studies: It’s Déjà vu All Over Again,” 347-56; and “social construction of sexuality” in index. Major work on social construction theory.)

Rubin, Gayle. "The Traffic in Women: Notes on the 'Political Economy' of Sex." In Rayna R. Reiter, ed., Toward an Anthropology of Women. NY: Monthly Review Press, 1975: 157-210. (See "compulsory heterosexuality," 198).

Rupp, Leila J. "'Imagine My Surprise': Women's Relationships in Historical Perspective." Frontiers 5 (Fall 1980): 61-70.

Russell, Diana, and Nicole Van Den Vens, eds. Proceedings of the International Tribunal on Crimes Against Women. Millbrae, CA: Les Femmes, 1976. (See "compulsory heterosexuality," 42-43, 56-57.)

Russet, C. E. Sexual Science: The Victorian Construction Of Womanhood. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 1989.

Russett, Cynthia Eagle. Sexual Science: The Victorian Construction of Womanhood. NY: Cambridge University Press, 1989.

Ryan, Mary P. "Political Space: Of Prostitutes and Politicians." In her Women in Public: Between Banners and Ballots, 1825-1880. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press, 1990: 94-129, 188-91.

Ryan, Mary P. The Cradle of the Middle Class: The Family in Oneida County, New York, 1790-1865. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 1981.

Ryan, Mary P. Womanhood in America: From Colonial Times to the Present. NY: Franklin Watts, 1975 (1st ed.); 1979 (2nd ed.); 1983 (3rd ed.). Third ed. includes: "The Sexy Saleslady: Psychology, Heterosexuality, and Consumption in the Twentieth Century," 151-182.

Ryan, Mary. Mysteries of Sex: Tracing Women and Men Through American History. Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press, 2006.

Sahli, Nancy. "Sexuality in Nineteenth and Twentieth Century America: The Sources and Their Problems." Radical History Review 20 (Spring/ Summer 1979): 89-96.

Sahli, Nancy. "Smashing: Women's Relationships Before the Fall." Chrysalis, 8 (Summer 1979): 17-28.

Samuel, Raphael, ed. People’s History and Socialist Theory. London: Routledge & Kegan Paul, 1981.

Sarkar, Sumit. Writing Social History. Delhi: Oxford University Press, 1998. (See, especially: 2 “The Relevance of E. P. Thompson” 50-81; an inspiring appreciation and critique of Thompson.)

Sartre, Jean-Paul. Critique of Dialectical Reason, Volume One. Revised edition, Verso; June 10, 2004.

Sayer, Derek. The Violence of Abstraction: The Analytic Foundations of Historical Materialism.  NY: Basic Blackwell, 1987.

 Schiebinger, Londa. The Mind Has No Sex! Women in the Origins of Modern Science. Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 1989.

Schlegel, J. Sexual Stratification. NY: Columbia University Press, 1977.

Schultz, James A. “Heterosexuality as Threat to Medieval Studies.” Journal of the History of Sexuality, v. 15, n. 1, January 2006: 14-29.

Schultz, James A. Courtly Love, the Love of Courtliness, and the History of Sexuality. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 2007. (Critical heterosexual history.)

Schuurman, Frans J. Beyond the Impasse: New Directions in Development Theory. Zed Books, 1994-1-1. (See, especially, “Modes of Production Theory”: 6-7, in 1 “Introduction: Development Theories in the 1990s.”)

Schwarz, Judith. “Questionnaire on Issues in Lesbian History.” Frontiers: A Journal of Women Studies, “Lesbian History” issue, v. 4, n. 3, Autumn, 1979: 1-12

Scott, Joan. "Gender: A Useful Category of Historical Analysis." American Historical Review v. 91, n. 5, December 1986; in her Gender and the Politics of History. NY: Columbia University Press, 1988: 28-50.

Scott, Joan. “After History.” Common Knowledge v. 5, n. 3, Winter 1996: 9-26.

Scott, Joan. “Fantasy Echo: History and the Construction of Identity.” Critical Inquiry v. 27, n. 2, 2001:

Scott, Joan. “Finding Critical History.” In Banner, James M, and John R. Gillis, eds., Becoming Historians. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 2009.

Scott, Joan. “History-Writing as Critique.” In Jenkins et al, eds., Manifestos for History (2007):

Scott, Joan. “The Evidence of Experience.” Critical Inquiry 17, 1991: 773-97.

Searle, John R. The Construction of Social Reality. The Free Press, 1995.

Searle. John R. Making the Social World: The Structure of Human Civilization. Oxford University Press, 2010.

Sears, Hal D. The Sex Radicals: Free Love in High Victorian America. Lawrence, KS: The Regents Press of Kansas, 1977.

Sedgwick, Eve Kosofsky.  Epistemology of the Closet. Berkeley: University of California Press, 1990. (See especially Introduction and Ch. 1, and "heterosexuality" in index).

Sedgwick, Eve Kosofsky. Between Men: English Literature and Male Homosexual Desire. NY: Columbia University Press, 1985.

Sedgwick, Eve Kosofsky. Tendencies. Durham, NC: Duke University Press, 1993. (See "heterosexuality" in index.)

Segal, Lynne, and Mary McIntosh. Sex Exposed: Sexuality and the Pornography Debate. New Brunswick, N]: Rutgers University Press, 1993.

Segal, Lynne, ed. New Sexual Agendas. NY: New York University Press, 1997. (See, especially: Lesley Hall, “Heroes or Villains? Reconsidering British fin de siècle Sexology”: 3-16; Lucy Bland and Frank Mort, “Thinking Sex Historically”: 17-31; and Jeffrey Weeks,”Sexual Values revisited”:43-59; and “heterosexual” in index.)

Segal, Lynne. Straight Sex: Rethinking the Politics of Pleasure. Berkeley: University of California Press, 1994.

Seidman, Steven, ed. Queer Theory/Sociology. Cambridge, MA: Blackwell, 1996. (See especially “Introduction” by Seidman: 1-30; Mary McIntosh, “The Homosexual Role;” Jeffrey Weeks, “The Construction of Homosexuality;” Ken Plummer, “Symbolic Interactionism and the Forms of Homosexuality;” David F. Greenberg and Marcia H. Bystryn, “Capitalism, Bureaucracy and Male Homosexuality;” Barry D. Adam, “Structural Foundations of the Gay World;” Arlene Stein and ken Plummer, “’I Can’t Even Think Straight’: ‘Queer’ Theory and the Missing Sexual Revolution in Sociology;” Steven Epstein, “A Queer Encounter: Sociology and the Study of Sexuality;” Chrys Ingraham, “The Heterosexual Imaginary: Feminist Sociology and Theories of Gender;” Ki Namaste, “The Politics of Inside/Out: Queer Theory, Poststructuralism, and a Sociological Approach to Sexuality;” and on essentialism Cathy J. Cohen, “Contested Membership: Black Gay Identities and the Politics of AIES.”).

Seidman, Steven, ed. The Postmodern Turn: New Perspectives on Social Theory. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. 1994. (See especially “Introduction,” 1-26.)

Seidman, Steven, Nancy Fischer, and Chet Meeks. Introducing the New Sexuality Studies. Second Edition. London and NY: Routledge, 2011. (See, especially: “General Introduction”: xv-xvi; “Part 1 Sex as a social fact”: 1-2; “1 Theoretical Perspectives” by Steven Seidman: 3-12; “2 The social construction of sexuality: Interview with Jeffrey Weeks: 13-19; “35 Straight Men” by James J. Dean: 245-52; “45 The political economy of sexual labor” interview with Elizabeth Bernstein: 313-19;  and in index see: “hetero-romantic” norm; heteroflexibility; heterosexism; heterosexual identity; heterosexual imaginary; heterosexuality.)

Seidman, Steven. "Sexual Attitudes of Victorian and Post-Victorian Women: Another Look at the Mosher Survey." Journal of American Studies (Spring 1989), v.23, issue 1, April 1989, 68-72.

Seidman, Steven. “Identity Politics in a ‘Postmodern’ Gay Culture: Some Historical and Conceptual Notes.” In Warner, Fear of a Queer Planet, 1993:

Seidman, Steven. Contested Knowledge: Social Theory Today. Fifth edition: Wiley-Blackwell, 2013. (See, especially: “Introduction;” “2 The Revolutionary Theory of Karl Marx;” “5 The Grand Theory of Talcott Parsons, Peter Berger and Thomas Luckman;” and “16 Lesbian, Gay, and Queeer Theory/Heterosexual Studies.”)

Seidman, Steven. Difference Troubles: Queering Social Theory and Sexual Politics. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1997.

Seidman, Steven. Embattled Eros: Sexual Politics and Ethics in Contemporary America. NY: Routledge, 1992. (See, especially: "heterosexuality" in index.)

Seidman, Steven. Romantic Longings: Love in America, 1830-1980 (NY: Routledge, 1991). (See, especially: "heterosexuality" in index.)

Sengoopta, C. “Science, Sexuality, and Gender in the Fin de Siecle: Otto Weininger as Baedecker.” History of Science 30, 1992:249-79.

Sengoopta, C. Otto Weininger: Sex, Science, and Self in Imperial Vienna. Chicago: Universotu of Chicago Press, 2000.

Shade, William. "A Mental Passion: Female Sexuality in Victorian America." International Journal of Women's Studies 1:1 (Jan.-Feb. 1978): 13-29.

Shapiro, Stephen. “Marx to the Rescue: Queer Theory and the Crisis of Prestige.” New Formations, n. 53, Summer 2004: 77-90.

Shaw, Dayna K. Associate General Counsel United States General Accounting Office to The Honorable Bill Frist, Majority Leader, United States Senate, January 23, 2004, accessed October 20, 2015 from http://www.gao.gov/new.items/d04353r.pdf

Shaw, Nayan. “Sexuality, Identity, and the Uses of History.” In Ratti, Rakesh, ed. Lotus of Another Color: An Unfolding of the South Asian Gay and Lesbian Experience. Boston: Alyson, 1993:

Shaw, Svati P. “Sexuality and ‘The Left’: Thoughts on Intersections and Visceral Others. The Scholar & Feminist Online 7.3 (2009). Accessed November 6, 2015 from: http://sfonline.barnard.edu/sexecon/shah_01.htm

Sherfey, Mary Jane. "A Theory of Female Sexuality." Journal of the American Psychoanalytical Association (1966). In Morgan, Sisterhood: 220-29.

Sherfey, Mary Jane. The Nature & Evolution of Female Sexuality. NY: Random House, 1972.

Shorter, Edward. The Making of the Modern Family. NY: Basic Books, 1975. (See "Sexual revolution," "Sexual roles," and "Sexuality" in index.)

Shortland, M. “Courting the Cerebellum: Early Organological and Phrenological Views of Sexuality.” British Journal of the History of Science 20, 1987:173-99.

Showalter, Elaine. Sexual Anarchy. Gender and Culture at the Fin de Siecle. London: Bloomsbury, 1991.

Showalter, Elaine. The Female Malady. Women, Madness, and English Culture, 1830-1980. New York: Pantheon Books, 1987.

Silverstolpe, E. “Benkert Was Not a Doctor. On the Nonmedical Origin of The Homosexual Category in the Nineteenth Century.” In Homosexuality, Which Homosexuality. History, vol. I, 1987: 206-20. Amsterdam: Vrije Universiteit.

Simmons, Christina. "Companionate Marriage and the Lesbian Threat." Frontiers 4:3 (Fall 1978): 54-59.

Simmons, Christina. "Marriage in the Modern Manner: Sexual Radicalism and Reform, 1914-1941." Ph.D. diss., Brown University, 1982.

Simmons, Christina. "Modern Sexuality and the Myth of Victorian Repression." In Peis, and others, eds., Passion and Power.

Simmons, Christina. “African Americans and Sexual Victorianism in the Social Hygience Movement, 1910-40.” Journal of the History of Sexuality, v. 4, n. 1, July 1993: 51-75.

Simmons, Christina. “Companionate Marriage and the Lesbian Threat.” Frontiers 4, Fall 1979: 54-??

Simon, William, and John Gagnon. Heterosexuality and Homosociality: A Dilemma of the Lower Class Family. Bloomington: Institute for Sex Research, 1967.

Simon, William, and John H. Gagnon. “Homosexuality: The Formulation of a Sociological Perspective.” Journal of Health and Social Behavior, September 1967, v. 8, n. 3, 177-85. Revised version of paper presented at the annual meeting of the American Sociological Association, August-September 1966.

Simson, Rennie. "The Afro-American Female: The Historical Context of the Construction of Sexual Identity." In Snitow, and others, eds.: 229-35.

Skousen, Mark. The Structure of Production. New Revised Edition. New York University Press, 1990.

Small, Margaret. T. "Lesbians and the Class Position of Women." In Myron and Bunch (1975): 49-62.

Smith-Rosenberg, Carroll, and Charles Rosenberg. “The Female Animal: Medical and Biological Views of Women and Her Role in 19th Century America." Journal of American History 59 (Sept. 1973): 331-56.

Smith-Rosenberg, Carroll. "Sex as Symbol in Victorian Purity: An Ethnohistorical Analysis of Jacksonian America." In John Demos and Sarane S. Boocock, eds., Turning Points: Historical and Sociological Essays on the Family. American Journal of Sociology 84, Supplement. Chicago: 1978.

Smith-Rosenberg, Carroll. “Discourses of Sexuality and Subjectivity: The New Woman, 1870-1936.” In Duberman, and others, eds. Hidden from History, 1989: 264-80.

Smith-Rosenberg, Carroll. “The Female World of Love and Ritual.” Signs, v. 1 n. 1 1975: 1-29.

Smith-Rosenberg, Carroll. Disorderly Conduct: Visions of Gender in Victorian America. NY: Alfred A. Knopf, 1985.

Smith, Barbara, ed. Home Girls: A Black Feminist Anthology. NY: Kitchen Table Press, 1985.

Smith, Barbara. “Towards a Black Feminist Criticism." Conditions 1:2 (Oct. 1977); reprinted in Judith Newton and Deborah Rosenfelt, eds., Feminist Criticism and Social Change: Sex, Class and Race in Literature and Culture. NY: Methuen, 1985: 3-18.

Smith, Daniel Scott. "Family Limitation, Sexual Control, and Domestic Feminism: An Interpretation of Victorian Sexual Ideology, 1790-1850." In Mary Hartman and Lois Banner, eds., Clio's Consciousness Raised: New Perspectives on the History of Women. NY: Harper & Row, 1974: 119-36.

Smith, Daniel Scott. “The Dating of the American Sexual Revolution: Evidence and Interpretation." In Michael Gordon, ed., The American Family in Social-Historical Perspective. NY: St. Martin's Press, 1978: 426-38.

Snitow, Ann Barr, Christine Stansell, Sharon Thompson, eds. Powers of Desire: The Politics of Sexuality. NY: Monthly Review Press, 1983. (See "The Institution of Heterosexuality": 177-279; correspondence with Adrienne Rich, April 19, 1981.)

Snitow, Ann Barr. "Mass Market Romance: Pornography for Women Is Different." In Snitow, et al.: 245-63.

Snorton, C. Riley. Nobody is Suppose to Know: Black Sexuality on the Down Low. Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press, 2014. (See, especially, “heternormativity,” “heterosexism,” and “heterosexuality” in index.)

Soble, Alan, ed. Sex from Plato to Paglia: A Philosophical Encyclopedia. Two volumes. Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 2006. (See, especially, volume 1: “Activity, Sexual;” “Desire, Sexual;” “Heterosexism;” [“Heterosexuality” is not an entry]; “Homosexuality;” “Language;” volume 2: “Marxism;” “Poststructuralism;” “Queer Theory;” “Sexology;” “Social Constructionism” by John Corvino [including References and a huge bibliography]).

Soble, Alan. Pornography: Marxism, Feminism, and the Future of Sexuality. New Haven: Yale University Press, 1986. (See, especially: “1 Introduction”: 1-9; “2 The Freudo-Marxism of Wilhelm Reich”: 10-37; “3 Frederick Engel’s Agnostic Marxism”: 38-54; “4 Male and Female Sexuality in Capitalism”: 55-102.)

Sokolow, Jayme. Eros and Modernization: Sylvester Graham, Health Reform, and the Origins of Victorian Sexuality in America. Rutherford, NJ: Fairleigh Dickinson University Press, 1983.

Solomon, R. C. “Sex, Contraception and Conceptions of Sex.” In Bondeson, W. B., H. T. Engelhardt, and S. E Spieker, eds. The Contraceptive Ethos: Reproductive Rights and Responsibilities, Dordrecht: Reidel, 1987: 223-40..

Somerville, Siobhan B. Queering the Color Line: Race and The Invention of Homosexuality in American Culture. Durham, NC: Duke University Press, 2000.

Sommerville, Siobhan. “Scientific Racism and the Emergence of the Homosexual Body.” Journal of the History of Sexuality, v. 5, n. 2, October, 1994, 243-266; revised as “Scientific Racism and the Invention of the Homosexual Body,” in Beemyn and Eliason, eds. Queer Studies (1996): 241-69; Bland and Doan, eds., Sexology in Culture 1998:60-76. 

Spade, Dean. Normal Life: Administrative Violence, Critical Trans Politics, and the Limits of Law. Brooklyn, NY: South End Press, 2011. (See, especially, “norms, gender,” and “norms, social” in index.”)

Spector, Scott, Helmut Puff, Dagmar Herzog. After the History of Sexuality: German Genealogies with and Beyond Foucault. NYL Berghan Books, 2012. (See, especially: “Introduction: After The History of Sexuality? Periodicities, Subjectivities, Ethics” by Scott Spector: 1-16; and Chapter 1, “After the History of (Male) Homosexuality” by Helmut Puff: 17-30.)

Spurlin, William J. [Review of Epprecht, Heterosexual Africa.] African Studies Review, v. 53, issue 3, December 2010: 159-62.

Spurlock, John. “The Free Love Network in America, 1850 to 1860." Journal of Social History 21 (Summer 1988).

Spurlock, John. Free Love, Marriage and Middle Class Radicalism in America, 1820-1860. NY: New York University Press, 1983.

Stage, Sarah. "Out of the Attic: Studies in Victorian Sexuality." American Quarterly 27:4 (Oct. 1975): 480-85.

Stansell, Christine. American Moderns: Bohemian New York and the Creation of a New Century. Princeton University Press, 2000. (New Preface 2010.)

Stansell, Christine. City of Women: Sex and Class in New York, 1789-1860. New York: Alfred A. Knopf, 1986.

Stanton, Donna C., ed. Discourses of Sexuality: From Aristotle to AIDS. Ann Arbor: University of Michigan Press, 1992.

Steakley, James D. The Homosexual Emancipation Movement in Germany. NY: Arno Press, 1975.

Stearns, Carol Z., and Peter N. Stearns. ''Victorian Sexuality: Can Historians Do It Better?" Journal of Social History 18 (Summer 1985): 625-34.

Stearns, Peter MN., and Carole Z. Stearns. "Emotionology: Clarifying the History of Emotions and Emotional Standards." American Historical Review 90 (Oct. 1985): 813-36.

Stein, Arlene, and Ken Plummer. "'I Cant Even Think Straight': 'Queer' Theory and the Missing Sexual Revolution in Sociology." Sociological Theory 12 (1994): 178-187. Reprinted in Seidman, ed. 1996.

Stein, Arlene. "Three Models of Sexuality: Drives, Identities, and Practices," Sociological Theory 7:1 (1989): 1-13.

Stein, Edward, ed. Forms of Desire: Sexual Orientation and the Social Construction Controversy. New York: Garland, 1990; Routledge 1992. (Major texts on the essentialist-social constructionist debate: see, especially, Edward Stein, “Introduction": 3-9; and "Conclusion: The Essentials of Constructionism and the Construction of Essentialism": 323-53.)

Stein, Edward. The Mismeasure of Desire. NY: Oxford University Press, 1990. (See, especially, “Constructionism” and “Essentialism” in index.)

Stein, Marc. Sexual Injustice: Supreme Court Decisions from Griswold to Roe. Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press, 2010. (See, especially, “heteronormativity” and “heterosexuality” in index.)

Stekel, W. 1950. The Autobiography of Wilhelm Stekel: The Life Story of a Pioneer Psychoanalyst. Edited by E. A. Gutheil. New York: Liveright, 1950.

Stimpson Catharine R. Where the Meanings Are: Feminism and Cultural Spaces. NY: Methuen, 1988.

Stimpson Catharine R., and Ethel Spector Person, eds. Women, Sex, and Sexuality. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1980.

Stimpson, Catharine R., and Gilbert Herdt, eds. Critical Terms for the Study of Gender. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 2014. (See especially Raewyn Connell on “Identity”: 156-77; David M. Halperin on “Sex/Sexuality/Sexual Classification”: 449-86.)

Stockinger, Jacob. 1979. “Homosexuality and the French Enlightenment. In Stambolian, George, and Elaine Marks, eds., Homosexuality and French Literature: Cultural Contexts, Critical Texts. lthaca, NY. Cornel University Press, 1979: 161-85.

Stokes, John. “Wilde at Bay: The Diaries of George Ives,” English Literature in Transition, 1880-1920, 26.3 (1983): 175-186.

Stokes, Mason Boyd. The Color of Sex: Whiteness, Heterosexuality, and the Fictions o White Supremacy.  Durham, NC: Duke University Press, 2001.

Stoler, Ann Laura. Race and the Education of Desire: Foucault’s “History of Sexuality” and the Colonial Order of Things. Durham, NC: Duke University Press, 1995.

Stone, Lawrence. "Sexuality" in Past and Present Revisited. NY: Routledge, 1987: 344-82.

Stone, Lawrence. The Family, Sex and Marriage in England, 1500-1800. NY: Harper and Row, 1977.

Storr, M. “Transformations: Subjects, Categories and Cures in Krafft-Ebing's Sexology.” In Sexology in Culture: Labelling Bodies and Desires, edited by L. Bland and L. Doan, pp. 11-26. Cambridge: Polity Press, 1998.

Strong, Bryan. "Ideas of the Early Sex Education Movement in America, 1890-1920." History of Education Quarterly (Summer 1972).

Strozier, R. M. Foucault, Subjectivity, and Identity: Historical Constructions of Subject and Self.  Detroit: Wayne State University Press, 2002.

Stryker, Susan, and Aren Aizura, eds. The Transgender Studies Reader 2. NY: Routledge, February 14, 2013. (See, especially: section VI: “Timely Matters: Temporaltiy and Trans-Historicity”: 319-400; and in index: “heteromasculinity;” “heteronormativity;” “heterosexuality.”

Stryker, Susan, and Stephen Whittle, eds. The Transgender Studies Reader 1. NY: Routledge, May 26, 2006. (In index see, especially: “Heteronormativity;” “Heterosexual, homosexual binary distinction;” “Heterosexual intercourse;” “Heterosexuality;” “Heterosexual melancholia;” “Heterosexual regime.”)

Stryker, Susan, Jim Van Buskirk. Gay by the Bay: A History of Queer Culture in the San Francisco Bay Area. San Francisco: Chronicle Books, 1996.

Stryker, Susan. “My Words to Victor Frankenstein above the Village of Chamounix: Performing Transgender Rage.” GLQ, v. 1, n. 3, 1994: 237-54

Stryker, Susan. Transgender History. Seal Press, May 6, 2008. (See, especially: Chapter 2 “A Hundred Years of Transgender History”: 31-57.

Sulloway, Frank J. Freud. Biologist of the Mind. Beyond the Psychoanalytic Legend. New York: Basic Books, 1979.

Swerdlow, Amy, and Hanna Lessinger, eds. Class, Race, and Sex: The Dynamics of Control. Boston: G. K. Hall, 1983.

Symonds, John Addinton. The Memoirs of John Addington Symonds.  Edited and Introduced by Phyllis Grosskurth. NY: Random House, 1984.

Szasz, Thomas. The Manufacture of Madness: A Comparative Study of the Inquisition and the Mental Health Movement. NY: Delta Books, 1970; London: Routledge & Kegan Paul, Paladin, 1971; NY: Harper and Row, 1974.

Szasz, Thomas. The Myth of Mental Illness: Foundations of a Theory of Personal Conduct. London: Granada, 1972.

Takac, Judit. “The Double Life of Kertbeny.” In Gert Hekma, ed. Past and Present of Radical Sexual Politics: Working Papers. Amsterdam: Mosse Foundation, 2004.

Talcott Parson and Edward A. Shils, Toward a General Theory of Action: Theoretical Foundations for the Social Sciences. With  a New Introduction by Neil J. Smelser (Harvard University Press, 1951; New Brunswick, NJ: Transaction Publishers, 2001).

Tamagne, Florence. A History of Homosexuality in Europe. NY: Algora Publishing, 2007.

Taylor, William, and Christopher Lasch. “Two ‘Kindred Spirits.” New England Quarterly, 1963, 36 (1): 23-??

Teal, Donn. The Gay Militants. NY: Stein and Day, 1971.

Terman, Lewis, and Catherine Cox Miles. Sex and Personality: Studies in Femininity and Masculinity. NY: McGraw-Hill, 1936.

Terry, Jennifer, and Jacqueline Urla, eds., Deviant Bodies: Critical Perspectives on Difference in Science and Popular Culture. Bloomington:  Indiana University Press, November 1, 1995.

Terry, Jennifer. "Anxious Slippages Between 'Us' and 'Them': A Brief History of the Scientific Search for Homosexual Bodies." In Terry and Urla, eds., Deviant Bodies (November 1, 1995): PP?.

Terry, Jennifer. "Lesbians Under the Medical Gaze: Scientists Search for Remarkable Differences." Journal of Sex Research 27 (1990): 317-40.

Terry, Jennifer. “Theorizing Deviant Historiography.” differences v. 3, no. 2, 1991: 55-74.

Terry, Jennifer. An American Obsession: Science, Medicine, and Homosexuality in Modern Society. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1999. (Important study of the history of the normal and deviant in regard to bodies and sexualities.)

Therborn, Goran. Science, Class and Society: On the Formation of Sociology and Historical Materialism. London: NLB, 1976; Verso, 1980.

Thomas, Calvin, ed. Straight with a Twist: Queer Theory and the Subject of Heterosexuality. Urbana: University of Illinois Press, 2000. (On heterosexual history.)

Thomas, Keith. “The Double Standard." Journal of the History of Ideas. 20:2 (April 1959): 195-216.

Thomas, Kendall. "Corpus Juris (Hetero)sexualis: Doctrine, Discourse, and Desire in Bowers v. Hardwick." GLQ: A Journal of Lesbian and Gay Studies 1:1 (1993): 33-51.

Thompson, E. P. “Time, Work Discipline and Industrial Capitalism.” Past and Present, No. 38, December 1967: 56-97.

Thompson, E. P. Customs in Common. London: New Press 1993.

Thompson, E. P. Making History: Writings on History and Culture. NY: New Press, 1994. (See especially “Christopher Caudwell,” “History and Anthropology” [for Thompson’s critique of a narrow view of “economic” action and the “economy,” and of the economic base/cultural superstructure distinction see 217-22, 225-26 n. 39], “Happy Families,” “Herbert Gutman,” “Agenda for a Radical History.”)

Thompson, E. P. The Making of the English Working Class. London: Victor Gollancz Ltd. 1963. 2nd edition Harmondsworth, Penguin, 1968.

Thompson, E. P. The Poverty of Theory and Other Essays. NY: Monthly Review Press, 1978. (See especially Thompson’s interpretation of Marxist historical materialism, and his questioning the separation of “economic” acts from all other kinds of human acts in “The Poverty of Theory . .  .”: 1-210; and the section on historical models in “The Peculiarities of the English”:287-98.)

Thompson, Martha E. "Comment on Rich's 'Compulsory Heterosexuality and Lesbian Existence.'" Signs 6:4 (Summer 1981): 790-94.

Thompson, Sharon. "Search for Tomorrow: On Feminism and the Reconstruction of Teen Romance." In Vance, ed.: 350-84.

Thoreson, Ryan R. Transnational LGBT Activism: Working for Sexual Rights Worldwide. Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press, 2014. (In index, see, especially: “anthropology of advocacy” and the discussion of the international politics of terminology.)

Tiefer, Leonore. "Social Constructionism and the Study of Human Sexuality." In P. Shaver and C. Hendrick, eds., Review of Personality and Social Psychology 7 (1987): 70-94; reprinted in Stein, ed.

Tilly, Charles. Big Structures, Large Processes, Huge Comparisons.  NY Russell Sage Foundation, 1984.

Tin, Louis-Georges. L'invention de la culture heterosexulle. Editions Autrement, 2008; translation as The Invention of Heterosexual Culture. The MIT Press, 2012. (The author’s thesis: heterosexual culture is historical; heterosexual acts are universal.)

Tobin, Robert Deam. Peripheral Desires: The German Discovery of Sex. Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press, October 1, 2015. (Heterosexual and heterosexuality, see: xi, xiii, xv, xviii, 4, 56, 59, 67, 70, 71, 72, 74, 76, 79, 80, 90, 97, 101, 102, 230, 231, 233, 236, 237, 244, etc.)

Traub, Valerie. “Making Sexual Knowledge.” Early Modern Women: An Interdisciplinary Journal v. 5, 2010: 251-59; accessed November 25, 2015 from http://jps.library.utoronto.ca/index.php/emw/article/view/14866

Traub, Valerie. “The New Unhistoricism in Queer Studies.” PMLA, v. 128, n. 1, January 2013: 21–39.

Traub, Valerie. “The Present Future of Lesbian Historiography.” In Haggerty and McGarry, eds., A Companion to Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, and Transgender Studies, 2007.

Traub, Valerie. Making Sexual Knowledge: Thinking Sex with the Early Moderns. Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press, 2013. (See, especially: 1 “Thinking Sex: Knowledge, Opacity, History;” 3 “The New Unhistoricism in Queer Studies;” 4 “The Present Future of Lesbian Historiography.” Major historiographical analysis and critique of anti-historical trend in work inspired by queer theory.)

Traub, Valerie. The Renaissance of Lesbianism in Early Modern England. Cambridge University Press, July 8, 2002.

Tremblay, Manon, David Peternotte, and Carol Johnson, eds. The Lesbian and Gay Movement and the State: Comparative Insights into a Transformed Relationship. Burlington, VT: Ashgate Publishing, 2011.

Trimberger, Ellen Kay. "Feminism, Men, and Modern Love: Greenwich Village, 1900-1925." In Snitow, and others, eds.: 121-52.

Tripp, Paul. The Homosexual Matrix. NY: McGraw-Hill, 1975. (See especially Ch. 4, “The Origins of Heterosexuality.")

Trumbach, Randolph, ed. Select Trials at the Sessions-House in the Old-Bailey. 2 vols. NY: Garland, 1986.

Trumbach, Randolph, ed. Sodomy Trials: Seven Documents. NY: Garland, 1986.

Trumbach, Randolph. "Gender and the Homosexual Role in Modern Western Culture: The 18th and 19th Centuries Compared." In Niekerk and van der Meer: 149-70

Trumbach, Randolph. "London's Sapphists: From Three Sexes to Four Genders in the Making of Modern Culture." In Epstein and Straub, eds.: 112-41; in Herdt, ed.: 111-36.

Trumbach, Randolph. "London's Sodomites: Homosexual Behavior and Western Culture in the Eighteenth Century." Journal of Social History 11 (1977): 1-33.

Trumbach, Randolph. "Sodomitical Assaults, Gender Role, and Sexual Development in Eighteenth-Century London." Journal of Homosexuality 16:1/2 (1988): 407-29.

Trumbach, Randolph. "Sodomitical Subcultures, Sodomitical Roles; and the Gender Revolution of the Eighteenth Century: The Recent Historiography." Eighteenth Century Life 9 (1985): 109-21.  In Mccubbin, ed. 'Tis Nature's Fault (1986): 109-21.

Trumbach, Randolph. “Gender and the Homosexual Role in Modern Western Culture: The 18th and 19th Centuries Compared.” In Altman et aI., eds., Homosexuality, Which Homosexuality? (1989): 149-69. Amsterdam: Dekker/Schorer, GMP Publishers.

Trumbach, Randolph. “The Birth of the Queen: Sodomy and the Emergence of Gender Equality in Modern Culture 1660-1750.” In Duberman, and others, eds. Hidden from History (1989): 129-40.

Trumbach, Randolph. “The Origin and Development of the Modem Lesbian Role in the Western Gender System: Northwestern Europe and the United States 1750- 1990.” Historical Reflections 20, 1994: 287-320.

Trumbach, Randolph. Sex and the Gender Revolution: Heterosexuality and the Third Gender in Enlightenment London. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1998.

Trumbach, Randolph. The Rise of the Equalitarian Family: Aristocratic Kinship and Domestic Relations in Eighteenth-Century England. NY: Academic Press, 1978.

Turner, William B. A Genealogy of Queer Theory. Philadelphia: Temple University Press, 2000. (The clearest, most important analysis of the history of queer theory, and its relation to the history and historiography of sexuality.)

Ullman, Sharon R. Sex Seen: The Emergence of Modern Sexuality in America. Berkeley: University of California Press, 1997. (On heterosexuality see especially “Chapter Two: The Adjustable Bed,” and “Conclusion.”)

Ulrichs, Karl Heinrich. Riddle of Man-Manly Love: The Pioneering Work on Male Homosexuality. Trans. Michael A. Lombardi-Nash. Intro. Vern Bullough. 2 vols. Buffalo, NY: Prometheus, 1994.

Upchurch, Charles. Before Wilde: Sex Between Men In Britain’s Age of Reform. Berkeley: University of California Press, 2009.

Valverde, Mariana. Sex, Power; and Pleasure. Philadelphia: New Society Publishers, 1987. (See Chapter 2, "Heterosexuality: Contested Ground": 47-74; and Chapter 3, especially "A Bit of History" and "Making Heterosexuality Compulsory": 77-87.)

Vance, Carole S. "Anthropology Rediscovers Sexuality: A Theoretical Comment." Social Science and Medicine 38:8 (1991): 875-84. (Major work on social construction theory.)

Vance, Carole S. "Gender Systems, Ideology, and Sex Research." In Snitow, et al.:  371-84. (Major work on social construction theory.)

Vance, Carole S., ed. Pleasure and Danger: Exploring Female Sexuality. Boston: Routledge, 1984. Reprinted London: Pandora Press, 1992, with new introduction. (See "heterosexuality" in index.)

Vance, Carole. “Social Construction Theory: Problems in the History of Sexuality.” In Altman, Dennis, and others, Homosexuality, Which Homosexuality (1989): 13-34.(Major work on social construction theory.)

Vann, Richard T. “The Youth of Centuries of Childhood." History and Theory 21:2 (May 1982): 2279-97.

Vicinus, Martha, ed. Suffer and Be Still: Women in the Victorian Age. Bloomington: Indiana University Press, 1972.

Vicinus, Martha. “'They Wonder to Which Sex I Belong': The Historical Roots of the Modern Lesbian Identity.” In Homosexuality, Which Homosexuality?, by D. Altman and others, 171-98. Amsterdam: Dekker/Schorer, GMP Publishers.

Vicinus, Martha. “Lesbian History: All Theory and No Facts or All Facts and No Theory?” Radical History Review, 60, 1994: 57-75.

Vicinus, Martha. “Sexuality and Power: A Review of Current Work in the History of Sexuality.” Feminist Studies, v. 8, n. 1. Spring 1982.

Vicinus, Martha. A Widening Sphere: Changing Roles of Victorian Women. Bloomington: Indiana University Press, 1977.

Vicinus, Martha. Intimate Friends: Women Who Loved Women, 1778-1928. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 2000. (See, especially: “Introduction” and “Conclusion: Beyond the Family Metaphor.”)

Vidal, Gore. "Someone to Laugh at the Squares With [Tennessee Williams]." New York Review of Books (June 13, 1985); reprinted in At Home: Essays, 1982-1988. NY: Random House, 1988; and United States: Essays, 1952-1992. NY: Random House, 1993.

Vidal, Gore. "The Tree of Liberty: Notes on Our Patriarchal State." The Nation (Aug. 27/Sept. 3, 1990): 1,202,204.

Vidal, Gore. Imperial America: Reflections on the United States of Amnesia. Nation Books, May 7, 2004.

Wagner, P. “The Discourse on Sex-Or Sex as Discourse: Eighteenth-Century Medical and Paramedical Erotica.” In Sexual Underworlds of the Enlightenment, edited by G. S. Rousseau and R. Porter, pp. 46-68. Manchester: Manchester University Press. 1987.

Waites, Matthew. “The Fixity of Sexual Identities in the Public Sphere: Biomedical Knowledge, Liberalism and Heterosexual/Homosexual Binary in Late Modernity.” Sexualities v. 8, n. 5, December 2003: 539-69.

Walker-Said, Charlotte. [Review of Nyeck and Epprecht, Sexual Diversity in Africa.] International Journal of African Historical Studies, v. 48, n 1, 2015: 122-24.

Walkowitz, Judith R. City of Dreadful Delight: Narratives of Sexual Danger in Late-Victorian London. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1992. (See "heterosexuality" in index.)

Walkowitz, Judith R. Prostitution and Victorian Society: Women, Class, and the State. NY: Cambridge University Press, 1980.

Wallace, Michele. Black Macho and the Myth of the Superwoman. NY: Dial Press, 1978.

Waller, Altina L. Reverend Beecher and Mrs. Tilton: Sex and Class in Victorian America. Amherst, MA: University of Massachusetts Press, 1982.

Wallerstein, Immanuel.  The Modern World-System III. San Diego: Academic Press, 1989.

Wallerstein, Immanuel. "Beyond Annales," Radical History Review, no. 49, 1991:

Wallerstein, Immanuel. "World-systems Analysis." In World System History, ed. George Modelski, in Encyclopedia of Life Support Systems (EOLSS), Developed under the Auspices of the UNESCO. Eolss Publishers, Oxford, 2004.

Wallerstein, Immanuel. 1995. "What Are We Bounding, and Whom, When We Bound Social Research?" Social Research 62(4):839-856.

Wallerstein, Immanuel. Historical Capitalism. London: Verso, 1983.

Wallerstein, Immanuel. The Modern World System II: Mercantilism and the Consolidation of the European World-Economy, 1600-1750. New York: Academic Press, 1980.

Wallerstein, Immanuel. The Modern World-System I: Capitalist Agriculture and the Origins of the European World-Economy in the Sixteenth Century. New York: Academic Press, 1974.

Walters, Ronald G. "The Erotic South: Civilization and Sexuality in American Abolitionism." American Quarterly 25 (May 1973),177-201.

Walters, Ronald G. Primers for Prudery: Sexual Advice in Victorian America. Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Prentice-Hall, 1974.

Ward, Jane. Not Gay: Sex Between Straight White Men. New York University Press, 2015. (In index, see, especially: “hetero-erotic;” “hetero-exceptionalism;” “heteroflexibility;” “hetero-masculinity;” “heteronormativity;” “heterosexual;” “heterosexual identification;” “heterosexuality, use of term;” “heterosexual sex;” “homo-hetero binary.”)

Ward, John. "The Nature of Heterosexuality." In Hanscombe and Humphries, eds., Heteroseuxality (1987): 145-70.

Warner, Michael, ed. Fear of a Queer Planet: Queer Politics and Social Theory. Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press, 1993. (See, especially: Part I on "heterotheory" and "heterosexuality" in index.)

Warner, Michael. "New English Sodom." In Jonathan Goldberg, ed., Queering the Renaissance: 330-58.

Warner, Michael. “Homo-Narcissism; or Heterosexuality.” In Boone Joseph A. and Michael Cadden, eds. Engendering Men, NY: Routledge, 1990.

Warner, Michael. “Introduction: Fear of a Queer Planet.” Social Text 29, 1991: 3-17. (See, especially, Warner’s comment that “The major theoretical debate over constructionism seems exhausted”: 5)

Warner, Michael. The Trouble with Normal: Sex, Politics, and the Ethics of Queer Life. NY: Free Press, 1999. (See, especially, “Why Normal?”: 52-61.)

Waters, Chris. “Distance and Desire in the New British Queer History.” GLQ: A Journal of Lesbian and Gay Studies 14, no. 1 (2008), 139-55.

Waters, Chris. “Havelock Ellis, Sigmund Freud and the State: Discourses of Homosexual Identity in Interwar Britain”, in Lucy Bland and Laura Doan, eds., Sexology in Culture: Labelling Bodies and Desires (Cambridge: Polity Press; Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1998), 165-79.

Waters, Chris. “Sexology.” In Cocks and Houlbrook, eds., Palgrave Advances, 2006:

Waters, Chris. “The Homosexual as a Social Being in Britain, 1945-1968,” Journal of British Studies 51, no. 3 (July 2012), 685-710.  Reprinted in Brian Lewis, ed., British Queer History: New Approaches and Perspectives. Manchester: Manchester University Press, 2013), 188-218.

Waters, Chris. “The Homosexual as a Social Being in Britain, 1945-1968.” Journal of British Studies, 51, n.3, 2012: 685-710

Weber. Max. Max Weber on the Methodology of the Social Sciences. Translated and edited by Edward A. Shils and Henry A. Finch. The Free Press of Glencoe, Illinois, 1949. Accessed on November 4, 2015 from https://archive.org/stream/maxweberonmethod00webe/maxweberonmethod00webe_djvu.txt

Webster's New International Dictionary. First ed. Springfield, MA: G. & C. Merriam Company, 1909 (see "heterosexual," 1030). Supplement. Same, 1923 (see "heterosexual," xcii). Second ed. Same, 1934 (see "heterosexual," 1173).

Weeks, Jeffrey. "Foucault for Historians." History Workshop, No. 14, Autumn 1982: 106-19. (Major work in social construction theory.)

Weeks, Jeffrey. “Capitalism and the Organization of Sex.” In Gay Left Collective, ed. Homosexuality: Power and Politics, London: Alison and Busby, 1980. (Major work in social construction theory.)

Weeks, Jeffrey. “Discourse, Desire and Sexual Deviance: Some Problems in a History of Homosexuality.” In Plummer, ed. The Making of the Modern Homosexual (1981) : 76-111. (Major work in social construction theory.)

Weeks, Jeffrey. “Values in an Age of Uncertainty." In Stanton, ed., Discourses of Sexuality (1992): 389-411.

Weeks, Jeffrey. Against Nature: Essays on History, Sexuality and Identity. London: Rivers Oram Press, 1991. (See, especially: “Discourse, desire and sexual deviance: some problems in a history of homosexuality:”10-45; “Inverts, perverts and mary-annes: male prostitution and the regulation of homosexuality in England in the nineteenth and twentieth centuries”: 46-67; “Uses and abuses of Michel Foucault:” 157-69; and in the index see: “essentialism;” “heterosexism;” “Marx, Karl;” “medical model of homosexuality;” “sexology;” “sexual colonialism;” “social constructionism.” Major work in social construction theory.)

Weeks, Jeffrey. Coming Out: Homosexual Politics in Britain, from the Nineteenth Century to the Present. London: Quartet Books, October 27, 1977, reprinted 1983; revised edition, 1990. (Major work in social construction theory; see, especially, “Introduction,” 1-8; “Part One: Definitions and Self-Definitions: 1. From Sin to Crime 2. ‘The Medical Model’”; and “Bibliographical Sources.”)

Weeks, Jeffrey. Making Sexual History. Cambridge: Polity Press, 2001. (See, especially: “Introduction”: 1-14; “Havelock Ellis and the Politics of Sex-Reform”: 17-52; “Mary McIntosh and the ‘Homosexual Role’”: 53-74; “Foucault for Historians”: 106-22; “Sexuality in History Revisited:” 125-43; and in index see: “essentialist-constructionist debate;” “feminism and heterosexuality/homosexuality;” “feminism and social constructionism;” “heterosexism;” “heterosexuality;” “history, sexual;” “identity(ies);” “marxism;” “medical model;” “nature/nurture debate;” “power;” “reproductive sexuality;” “sexology;” “social constructionist approach;” “state;” “subject.” Major work in social construction theory.)

Weeks, Jeffrey. Sex, Politics and Society: The Regulation of Sexuality Since 1800. London: Longman, Harlow, 1981. (See "heterosexuality" in index. Major work in social construction theory.)

Weeks, Jeffrey. Sexuality and Its Discontents: Meanings, Myths & Modern Sexualities. London: Routledge, 1985. (See, especially: “Sexuality as history and politics”: 5-10; and in index see:  "heterosexuality" and “history, historical invention of sexuality.”  Major work in social construction theory.)

Weeks, Jeffrey. Sexuality. NY: Tavistock, 1986. (See, especially: “The Invention of Sexuality”: 12-45; “The Heterosexual Assumption”: 92-93; and, in index: "heterosexuality." Major work in social construction theory.)

Weeks, Jeffrey. The World We Have Won: The Remaking of Erotic and Intimate Life. NY: Routledge, 2007. (In index see, especially: “agency;” “capitalism;” “citizenship;” “fertility patterns of;” “fertility, rates of;” “gendered division of labor;” “heteronormativity;” “heterosexual/homosexual binarism;” “heterosexuality;” “identity;” “pleasure, sexual;” “population trends;” “power;” “queer theory;” “reproduction;” “sexual identity.” Major work in social construction theory.)

Weinberg, Martin S., and Colin J. Williams. “Gay Baths and the Social Organization of Impersonal Sex.” Social Problems, 23, December 1975: 124-36. (One of the earliest uses of “social organization” in regard to sexual activity. See also: Reiss, Jr., Albert  J.)

Weinrich, James. "Reality or Social Construction?" In Sexual Landscapes: Why We Are What We Are, Why We Love Who We Love (NY: Charles Scribner's Sons, 1987), reprinted in Stein, Forms of Desire, 1990, 1992: 175-208.

Weisstein, Naomi. "Kinder, Kuche, Kirche as Scientific Law: Psychology Constructs the Female." Boston: New England Free Press, 1968. In Morgan, Sisterhood; revised and reprinted in Koedt, Levine, and Rapone, eds. (1973): 178-97.

Welter, Barbara. “The Cult of True Womanhood: 1820-1860," American Quarterly 18 (Summer 1966): 150-74. In Michael Gordon, ed., The American Family in Social-Historical Perspective. Third ed. NY: St. Martin's Press, 1983: 372-92.

Weston, Kath. “Lesbian/Gay Studies in the House of Anthropology.” Annual Review of Anthropology, v. 22, October 1993: 339-67.

Westphal, Karl Friedrich Otto. "Die contrare Sexualempfindung." Archiv für Psychiatrie und Nervenkrankheiten 2:1 (August 1869): 73-108. (This is the correct date of this essay cited by Michel Foucault as “1870.” I thank James D. Steakley for checking this for me.)

Wetzell, Richard. F. “History of Sexuality in Modern Germany.” Bulletin of the German Historical Institute 34, Spring 2004: 137-46.

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Wilkinson, S. and C. Kitzinger, eds., Heterosexuality: A Feminism and Psychology Reader. London: Sage, 1993.  (See especially S. Wilkinson and C. Kitzinger, “Theorizing Heterosexuality.”)

Williams, Raymond. “Base and Superstructure in Marxist Cultural Theory.” New Left Review 82, 1973:

Williams, Raymond. Key Words: A Vocabulary of Culture and Society. Rev. ed. NY: Oxford University Press, 1985.

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Willis, Ellen. Beginning to See the Light. NY: Alfred A. Knopf, 1981.

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Wittig, Monique. "Paradigm." In George Stambolian and Elaine Marks, eds., Homosexualities and French Literature: Culture Contexts/Critical Texts. Ithaca: Cornell University Press, 1979: 114-21.

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Yuran, Noam. What Money Wants: An Economy of Desire. Stanford University Press, 2014. (No adequate concept or analysis of desire is offered, though the subtitle suggests desire’s centrality to the author’s thesis.)

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Zavarzadeh, Mas’ud, Teresa L. Ebert, Donald Morton, eds. “Marxism, Queer Theory, Gender.” Transformation: Marxist Boundary Work in Theory, Economics, Politics, and Culture, 2, Syracuse, NY: Red Factory, 2001.

Ze’Vi, Dror. Producing Desire: Changing Sexual Discourse in the Ottoman Middle East, 1500-1900.  Berkeley: University of California Press, 2006.