Jennie June/Ralph Werther/Earl Lind: Researching the Author


The Author. From Autobiography of an Androgyne.

Last edit Oct. 10 2022

This is a research project in progress, created by group effort to identify the birth name and then other information about the pioneering author who went at different times, on different occasions, by the names Jennie June, Ralph Werther, and Earl Lind. 

June-Lind-Werther published many autobiographical essays and two autobiographical books. Parts of an unpublished third volume were first published on

Discovering this author's birth name would undoubtedly lead to new, eye-opening documents of this particular individual's life, the social world June/Werther/Lind inhabited, and the whole sexual and gender "underworld" of the late-nineteenth and early-twentieth centuries, American and European.

One major question for this research group: which kinds of evidence and clues are most likely to yield information about June/Werther/Lind's birth name? Learning that birth name is likely to open up a valuable window on what we today distinguish as gender and sexual history.

If you can provide research assistance, or any evidence, sources, or clues that might help OutHistory identify this individual's birth name, please email

OutHistory is always delighted to acknowledge the help of researchers in furthering its goal of documenting, analyzing, and freely presenting LGBTQ+ history, and sexual and gender history in general.

Community members who have already helped with this research are (in alphabetical order):

Timothy Gilfoyle
Channing Gerard Joseph
Benjamin A. Kahan
Jonathan Ned Katz 
Bjoern Klein
Clair Kronk
Jon O'Donnell
Kyle Phalen
Randall Sell
Arlene Shaner, NY Academy of Medicine

OutHistory Features on Jennie June-Ralph Werter-Earl Lind

Who Was Jennie June?

Who Was Jennie June?, by Channing Joseph

Who was Jennie June?, by Clair Kronk

Notes on Jennie June-Earl Lind-Ralph Werther, by Randall Sell

Hawken Research, by Randall Sell


Transgender Memoir of 1921 Found: The Riddle of the Underworld

Earl Lind (Ralph Werther-Jennie June): The Riddle of the Underworld, 1921

Riddle of the Underworld: The Manuscript

Contract Between Dr. Victor Robinson and Ralph Werther

Randall Sell: Encountering Earl Lind, Ralph Werther, Jennie June

Jennie June/Ralph Werther/Earl Lind: The "Cercle Hermaphroditos"

Bibliography and Chronology

Jennie June/Ralph Werther/Earl Lind: Alphabetical List

Jennie June/Ralph Werther/Earl Lind: Chronological List